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53 Cards in this Set

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fungi transmitted by the inhalation of asexual spores (2)
Histoplasmosis
Coccidioidomycosis
budding yeast with pseudohyphae at 20C, i.e., in culture
Candida albicans
germ tube formation at 37C, i.e., human sample
Candida albicans
causes endocarditis in IV drug users
Candida albicans
causes post-antibiotic vaginitis
Candida albicans
causes diaper rash
Candida albicans
treatment for superficial Candida infection
nystatin
treatment for systemic Candida infection
amphotericin B
spherules filled with endospores
Coccidioidomycosis
found in SW U.S.
Coccidioidomycosis
found in California (San Joaquin Valley)
Coccidioidomycosis
found in Mississippi and Ohio river valley
Histoplasmosis
yeast inside macrophages
Histoplasmosis

(Histoplasmosis Hides out within macrophages)
source is bird or bat droppings
Histoplasmosis
found in rural Latin America
Paracoccidioidomycosis
captain's wheel appearance
paracoccidioidomycosis
found in states east of the Mississippi river
Blastomycosis
found in Central America
Blastomycosis
big, broad-based budding yeast
Blastomycosis

(small sphere being piched off)
dimorphic fungi (4)
Coccidioidomycosis
Histoplasmosis
Paracoccidioidomycosis
Blastomycosis

Cold = mold
Heat = yeast
local infection with dimorphic fungi is treated with (2)
fluconazole

ketoconazole
systemic infection with dimorphic fungi is treated with
amphotericin B
tinea versicolor caused by

microscopic appearance
Malassezia furfur

spaghetti and meatballs
clinical apperance of tinea versicolor
hypopigmented skin lesions
tinea versicolor treated with (2)
miconazole

selenium sulfide
tinea negra caused by
Cladosporium werneckii
clinical appearance of tinea negra
brownish spots
tinea negra treated with
salicylic acid
tinea pedis, cruris, corporis, and capitis caused by:
- general
- specific (3)
dermatophytes

Microsporum
Trichophyton
Epidermophyton
appearance of dermatophytes in KOH prep
mold hyphae

(dermatophytes are not dimorphic)
Microsporum reservoir
pets
Microsporum treated with
azoles
fungus ball (bronchopulmonary fungal infection)
Aspergillus fumigatus
mold with septate hyphae that branch at 45 degrees
Aspergillus fumigatus
encapsulated yeast
Cryptococcus neoformans
found in pigeon droppings
Cryptococcus neoformans
stains with India ink
Cryptococcus neoformans
latex agglutination test detects polysaccharide capsular antigen
Cryptococcus neoformans
mold with irregular nonseptate hyphae branching at wide angles (>90 degrees) [2]
Mucor

Rhizopus
found in ketoacidotic diabetic patients
Mucor

Rhizopus
found in leukemic patients
Mucor

Rhizopus
proliferate in walls of blood vessels to cause infarcation of distal tissue
Mucor

Rhizopus
cause rhinocerebral abscesses
Mucor

Rhizopus
causes frontal lobe abscesses
Mucor

Rhizopus
fruiting body
Aspergillus fumigatus
narrow-based unequal budding fungus
Cryptococcus
opportunistic fungal infections (5)
Candida albicans
Aspergillus fumigatus
Cryptococcus neoformans
Mucor
Rhizopus
causes diffuse interstitial pneumonia
Pneumocystis jirovecii
methamine silver stains
Pneumocystis jirovecii
treatments for P. jirovecii (3)

start prophylaxis when
TMP-SMX
pentamidine
dapsone

CD<200
causes local pustule or ulcer with nodules along draining lymphatics, i.e., ascending lymphangitis
Sporothrix schenckii
cigar-shapped budding yeast in pus
Sporothrix schenckii
Sporothrix treated with (2)
itraconazole

KI in milk