Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/27

Click to flip

27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Shinellosis

Symptoms
Fever
Dysentery
Vomiting
headache
stiff neck
convulsions
painful joints
Shinellosis
Agent
Shigella species, non motile, enterobacteria
Shinellosis
Pathogenesis
Intestinal epith. cell invasion and multiplication
cell death
inflammation
ulcers
Shinellosis
Epidemiology
Fecal-oral route
Contaminated food and water
humans are usually only source
-passes through the M cells and into the epith layers of the tissue and destroy the cells to cause the bleeding
Shinellosis
Prevention and treatment
Sanitation
Carful food production
antibacterial med= ampicllin and cotrimoxazole
mult. R factor resistance may be present
Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome
A syndome that can result from Shinellosis because Shinellosis is so invasive
Salmonellosis
Symptoms
Diarrhea
Vomitting
Rare prolonged fever
abdominal pain
abcesses
shock
Salmonellosis
Agent
Salmonelle enterica
- enterobacteria
Salmonellosis
Patho
Samll and large intestine cells are invaded
- penitrates lover tissues
-inflammatory response=fluid secretion
-survival within macrophages and spread through the body
-peyers patches
Salmonellosis
Epidemiology
-Fecal oral route through good, espicially poultry
-Humal fecal source in typhoid fever-like illness
Salmonellosis
Prevention and treatment
-Good cooking and food handling
-vaccine against typhoid fever
-no antimicrobial advised unless incasion of tissues or blood occurs
Escherichia Coli Gastroenteritis
Symptoms
Vomitting
Diarrhea
-sometimes dysentery
Escherichia Coli Gastroenteritis
Agent
Escherichia coli--usually 0157:H7
Escherichia Coli Gastroenteritis
Patho
Various ways-
Attach to small intestine cells and produce enterotoxins
Escherichia Coli Gastroenteritis
Epidemiology
Common in travelers
foodborne
waterborne
fecal oral route
animal transmission
Hepatitis A
Agent
-Non enveloped
RNA
-HAV
Hepatitis A
Route of spread
Fecal oral route
Hepatitis A
Prevention
Gamma gobulin
inactivated vaccine
Hepatitis A
Comments
Mild symptoms
full recovery
no long term carriers
Hep A and Hep B vaccine combined
Hepatitis B
Agent
HBV
Enveloped
Hepatitis B
Mode of spread
Blood, semen
Hepatitis B
Prevention
Recombinant vaccine
immunoglobulin
Hepatitis B
Comments
-more severe symptoms than hep A
-progressive liver damage
-cerrhosis and cancer
-can cross the placenta if someone is a chronic carrier
-hep A and B vaccine
Hepatitis C
Agent
Enveloped, ss RNA, HCV
Hepatitis C
Mode of spread
Blood(transfusions)
-sometimes semen
Hepatitis C
Prevention
No vaccine
Hepatitis C
Comments
-few or no symptoms
-liver damage over time
-cancer
-rarely crosses the placenta