Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Chapter 5
Eucaryotic Cells and Microorganisms
Chapter 5
Eucaryotic Cells and Microorganisms
a sexual spore that arises from a basidium. Found in basidiomycota fungi
a reproductive cell created when the swollen terminal cell of a hypha develops filaments (sterigmata) that that form spores.
asexual fungal spores shed as free units from the tips of fertile hyphae
The resistant, dormant, but infectious form of portozoans, Can be important in spread of infectious agents such as Entamoeba histolytica and Giardia lamblia
Endoplamic reticulum
Two types
Rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER)
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER)
Nuclear envelope form membrane for the ER
a filamentous network of carbohydrate-rich molecules that coats cells
golgi apparatus
Closely associated with the ER
Site for protein modification
Cisternae – noncontinuous membrane network
Condensing vesicles
Tubular threads that makeup filamentous fungi (molds). this web of branched andinter twining fiber is called a mycelium
Site of energy generation
Cristae-folds of the inner membrane
Matrix-consist of ribosomes, DNA, and enzymes
Somatic cell division that preserves the somatic chromosome number
mycelium H
Mycelium the filamentous mass that makes up a mold. composed of hyphae
site for RNA synthesis a granular mass, it is in the nucleus
Coated with ribosomes
Site of proteins synthesis
Transport material from the nucleus to the cytoplasm and cell membrane
Transitional vesicles
cooperate in protein synthesis and transport, it is bounded by a membrane and specialized in function
an organism that lives on or w/i another organism (the host) from which it obtains nutrients & enjoys protection. it produces some degree of harm to host
Minute animals (zooplankton) or plants (phytoplankton) that float & drift in the limnetic zone of bodies of water.
a chain of easily separated, spherical to sausage-shaped yeast cells partitioned by constrictions rather than by septa
a microbe that decomposes organic remains from dead organisms, also know as a saprophyte or saprotroph
a differentiated, specialized cell form that can be used for dissemination, for survival in times of adverse conditions, and/or for reproduction, spores r usually unicellular & may develop into gametes or vegetative organisms
the specific molecule upon which an enzyme acts
identify the elements of eucaryotic cell structure
Appendages - Flagella, Cilia,
Cell wall
Cell membrane
Describe the essential element of the major organelles
External and internal structures are more complex than procaryotes
Identify where eucaryotic cells are found
in fungi, protozoa, algae, plants, and animals,
Describe the structure & life cycle of fungi
fungi feed on organic substrates, have cell walls, reproduce asexually & sexually by spores, exist in macro& microscopic forms, free loving decomposers that r beneficial & sm cause infections
Identify types of fungi
microscopic are yeasts & molds. approx 100,000 species , macroscopic mushrooms puffballs gill fungi
discuss the key elements of algae
algae occur in unicellular, colonial & filamentous forms, the larger forms can possess tissue & simple organs. a most noticeable organelle would be chloroplasts
fungal infections in animals & thousands of species r important plant pathogens
are formed by successive cleavages within a saclike head called asporangium, which is attached to a stalk, they are released when the sporangium ruptures
discuss the key elements of Protozoa
protozoa = first animals, single cells hv major eucaryotic organelles excpt chloroplasts, highly specialized for feeding, reproduction, and locomotions
More key elements of Algae
Inhabitants of fresh and marine waters
Most are not considered human pathogens
Pathogens produce toxins (ex. red tide)
Unique morphology enables identification
More key elements of Protozoa
Complex structure and function
Ectoplasm and endoplasm
Pseudopods, flagella, cilia
Inhabitants of fresh water and soil. Heterotrophs
Reproduction (asexual. Trophozoite or Encystment
Discuss subgroups of Protozoa
Mastigophora (flagellated)
Sarcodina (Amoebas)
Ciliophora (ciliated)
Apicomplexa (sporozoa)
pg 143 144
Discuss the infective helminth
The most developed organs are those of the reproductive tract, in some they are no more than flattened sacs filled w/ovaries testes & eggs
chapter 4
Procaryotic Profiles
chapter 4
Procaryotic Profiles