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7 Cards in this Set

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Causes Filariasis (Elephantiasis). Organism causes obstruction of lymph vessels resulting in edema with swelling of the legs and genitalia.
Wuchereria Bancrofti
(Brugia Malayi)

Mosquito - nocturnal periodicity
Endemic to Africa, especially along river basins, infection can result in River blindness and skin granulomas causing loss of elasticity and hanging groin.
Onchocerca Volvulus

Blackfly - microfilarae
Tx: Ivermectin
Humans are only Reservoir
Removal of this nematode is traditionally accomplished by slowly twisting it around a stick to remove it from beneath the skin.
Dracunculus Medinensis

Drinking water with the crustacean Cyclops
Migration of larval nematodes below the skin results in serpinginous urticarial trails on the skin (creeping eruptions)
Ancylostoma Brazilienese

Larvae skin penetration
Accidental transmission of these nematodes from pet feces (in sandboxes or on sandy beaches) results in viceral larva migrans. Sx include eosinophilia, pneumonitis and Vision Loss.
Toxocara Canis/Cati
Tx for Tissue/Lymph Nematodes
Diethylcarbamazine
Infection results in subcutaneous "caliber" swellings and can be seen migrating across the eye beneath the conjunctiva.
Loa Loa

Transmitted via Mango fly, Chrysops