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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
fxn of peptidoglycan
support
protects against osmotic pressure
fxn of cell wall
(only in gram +)
major surface Ag
fxn of outer membrane
(only in gram -)
site of endotoxin
major suface antigen
fxn of plasma membrane
site of oxidative and transport enzymes
fxn of ribosome
protein synth
fxn periplasm
(only in gram -)
space between cytoplasm and outer membrane
fxn capsule
protects from phagocytosis
fxn of pilus/fimbrae
attachment during conjugation (pilus) to exchange genetic material

fimbrae- atttachment to cell cell surface
fxn plasmid
genetic info
fxn glycocalyx
adherance to surfaces (esp foreign, like catheters)
fxn of IgA proteases
allows atachment at mucosal sites
chemical composition of peptidoglycan
sugar backbone with peptides cross-linked
chemical composition of cell wall
teichoic acid (induces TNF and IL-1)
chemical composition of outer membrane
lipid A (induces tnf and il-1)
composition of periplasm
hydrolytic enzymes (incl b-lactamase)
chemical composition of pilus/fimbrae
glycoprotein
chemical composition of spore
keratin like coat
dipicolinic acid
chemical composition of plasmid
DNA
chemical composition of glycocalyx
polysaccharide
things unique to gram - bacteria
cell wall
teichoic acid
things unique to gram + bacteria
outer membrane
which bacteria don't stain with Gram stain
"These Rascals Might Microscopically Lack Color"
Treponema
Rickettsia
Mycoplasma
Mycobacteria
Legionella
Chlamydia
reason for no gram stain:
treponema
too thin
reason for no gram stain:
ricketssia
intracellular
reason for no gram stain: mycoplasma
no cell wall
reason for no gram stain:
mycobacteria
high lipid content
reason for no gram stain:
legionella
intracellular
reason for no gram stain:
chlamydia
intracellular
lacks muramic acid in cell wall
how to stain:
treponema
darkfield microscopy
fluorescence
how to stain:
mycobacteria
acid-fast
bacteria that are obligate aerobes
"No Cards Sue behind My Back to breathe O2"
Nocardia
Pseudamonas
Mycobacteria TB
Bacillus
bacteria that are facultative intracellular organisms
"In the faculty, Bruce, Mike, Lisa, and Fran have Some Nice Legs this Year"
Brucella
Mycobacteria
Listeria
Francisella
Salmonella
Neisseria
Legionella
Yersinia
encapsulated bacteria
"Strip Him of his Nice, Clean Capsule"
Strep pneumo
H. flu
Neisseria
Klebsiella
obligate intracellular organisms
"stay inside when it's Really Cold"
Rickettsia
Chlamydia
Strep pneumo is the most common cause for what:
MOPS
meningitis
otitis media
pneumonia
sinusitis
sx of rheumatic fever
"no RHEUM for SPECCulation"
Subcutaneous nodules
polyarthritis
erythema marginatum
chorea
carditis
which strain of strep is optochin resistant?

sensitive?
"viridans group lives in the mouth because they are not afraid of-the-chin"
viridans

strep pneumo