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120 Cards in this Set

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Name the spore forming Bacteria
Bacillus

Clostridium
name the unique molecule associated with spore forming bacteria? (function?)
calcium dipicolinate (aids in dehydrating the spore)
name the non-motile GPR
C. Diptheria

Nocardia

Clostridium perfingens (ALL other Clostridia are motile)

B. Anthracis
Name the acid fast organisms
-Mycobacterium

-Nocardia (partially AF)

- Cryptosporidium oocysts
Name the major encapsulated organisms (include mnemonic)
- Strept. Pneumo

- Klebsiella " "

-H. Flu

- N. Meningitidis

-Cryptococcus Neoformans

(Some Killers Have Pretty Nice Capsules)
Describe the B. Anthracis capsule
a poly D-glu capsule (IE: the ONLY bacteria with polypeptide capsule)
name the E. Coli strain associated with a capsule
K1 (meningeal strain)
Describe the group A strept capsule (Composition and function)

Is it immunogenic?
a hyaluronic acid capsule that plays an antiphagocytic role.

It is NOT immunogenic
Significance of the Salmonella typic capsular antigen
it increases virulence
Name the biofilm producers (and their associated pathology)
Staph. epidermidis (cath. related ifns)

Streptococcus mutans (dental caries)
name the most important pigment producing bacteria

what color?
Psuedomonas aeruginosa

blue-green
Name the pigmnts associated with Pseudomonas
-pyocyanin
-fluorescein
Serratia is associated with what color pigment
red
Staph. A. is associated with what color pigment
yellow
C. Diptheriae is associated with what pigment
gray-black
name the general types of pigment producing mycobacterium

associated color?
photochromagenic and scotochromagnic

yellow and orange
What organism is associated with metachromatic staining?
Corynebactrium
Word association:

Lancet-shaped diplococci
Strept. Pneumo
Word association:

Kidney bean-shaped diplococci (associated gram stain)
Neisseria (gram neg)
Word association:

Gull wing bacteria
Campylobacter (although H. Pylori has also been described as such)
Word association:

bipolar staining
Yersinia pestis
Name the virus associated with Negri bodies (location of said bodies)
Rabies

(intracytoplasmic)
Name the virus associated with intracytoplasmic acidophilic inclusions

(inclusions AKA)
Poxviruses

(Guarnieri bodies)
Name the virus associated with Owl eye inclusions

(inclusion location)
CMV

(intracytoplasmic AND intranuclear)
viruses associated with Syncytia (giant cells)
HSV
VZV
paramyxovirus
RSV
HIV
name the microaerophilic bacteria
Campylobacter

Helicobacter
Name the key aerobes
Mycobacterium (hence their propensity for the lung apex)

Pseudomonas

Bacillus
name the less important aerobes
Nocardia

C. Diptheriae
name the key anaerobes
Actinomyces (in contrast to Nocardia)

Bacteroides

Clostridium
name the less important anaerobes
Fusobacterium
Prevotella
Eubacterium
name the aerotolerant anaerobes
Propionibacterium

lactobacillus
All Enterobacteria are Oxidase ______________
negative
All Nesseria are Oxidase ____________
positive
Urease positive organisms(mnemonic)
(PUNCH)

Proteus
Ureaplasma
Cryptococcus
Nocardia
Helicobacter
name the pathology associated with urease positive UTI's
struvite (staghorn) renal caliculi
Catalase

function
degrade Hydrogen peroxide
Most anaerobes are Catalase _________
negative
what is the key to distinguishing Staph. and Strept. organisms?
all staph. are catalase positive

all strept. are catalase negative
major pathology associated with Catalase + organisms
recurrent and severe ifns in Chronic granulomatous disease
Name the catalase + organisms
Staph
Psuedomonas aeruginosa
Candida
Aspergillus
Enterobacteriaceae
Kevin is _________
brilliant, charming and handsome
name the coagulase positive bacteria
Staph A.

Yersinia pestis
bacterial pathogenic factors that are encoded on the chromosome

(mnemonic)
Chloregan
Endotoxin
Shiga Toxin

(Chromosome Encoded Shit)
possible locations for bacterial pathogenic factors
-bacterial chromosome

-plasmids

- bacteriophage chromosome
most bacterial toxins and multiple drug rsistances are encoded on
plasmids
define lysogenic conversion
modification of bacterial virulence by the stabl presence of phage DNA in the bacterial cell
Key examples of plasmid encoded virulence factors/toxins
(mnemonic)
Salmonella O antigen

Botox

Erthrogenic toxin of GAS

Dip. Toxin

(OBED)
key examples of bacteria that undergo antigenic variation
Gonococci (pili)
Borrelia recurrentis
Trypanosomoa brucei
mech of Diptheria toxin
ADP ribosylation of eEF2 ---> impaired protein synthesis
mech of Tetanus toxin
inhibition of release of inhibitory GABA and Glycine leading to tetany
mech of Botox
interaction with synaptobrevin impairs ACH release
Cholera toxin mech
ADP ribosylation of Gs leads to elevated cAMP and subsequent secretion
ETEC toxin mech
ADP ribosylation of Gs leads to elevated cAMP and subsequent secretion
name the C. Diff. toxins
Toxins A and B
C. Diff. toxin mechs
inhibition of protein synthesis and loss of intracellular K+
toxins stable at 60 degrees C
Staph A. enterotoxin

ST toxin of E. Coli

Yersinia enterocolitica toxin
toxins stabl at 100 degrees C
LPS
name the important Pseudomonas exotoxins
exotoxin A and S
Pseudomonas exotoxin mech
ADP-ribosylation of eEF2
Pertussis toxin mech.
ADP-ribosylation of Gi leading to increased cAMP
what organism is classically associated with a "slime layer" (function)
Psuedomonas

(anti-phagocytic)
organism that produces M protein (function)
GAS

(anti-phagocytic)
organism that produces A protein (function)
Staph. A.


(anti-phag)
What produces Lipoteichoic acid (function)
all Gram +

(attachment to host cells)
Why are Gram + organisms (as opposed to gram neg) predominately associated with endocarditis?
lipoteichoic acid allows adhesion to the valve.
function of N. gonorrhoeae pili
-antiphagocytic

- antigen variation
What organism produces Hyaluronidase? (function)
GAS

(hydrolysis of Ground substance)
What organisms produce IgA proteases (function)
Neisseria

Haemophilus

Strpt. Pneumo
Organisms that express Collagenase
Clostridium Perfringens

Prevotella
organisms that express kinases (function)
Strept. and Staph.

(hydrolyis of fibrin)
what organism expresses Lecithinase (alpha toxin)
C. perfringens
What organisms express Heparinase
B. fragilis
Prvotella
name the obligate intracellular pathogens
All Rickettsiae

All Chlamydiaceae

All viruses

mycobacterium leprae

some protozoa
name the obligate intracellular protozoa
Plasmodium

Toxoplasma gondii

Babesia

Leishmania

T. Cruzi
are there obligate intracellular fungi?
no
name the organisms that cannot be cultured but are extracellular
T. Pallidum

PCP
name the facultative intracellular fungi
Histoplasma
name the facultative intracellular bacteria part 1
MTB

non-TB mycobacteria

Listeria monocytogenes

Franscisella tularensis


Brucella
name the facultative intracellular bacteria part 2
S. typhi

Legionella pneumophilia

Y. Pestis

Nocardia

Borrelia burgdorferi
name the KEY bacteria that have exclusively human reservoirs
MTB

M. Leprae

Shigella

S. Typhi

Rickettsia prowazekii
other bacteria with exclusively human reservoirs
GAS
Neisseria
C. Dip.
pneumococcus
T. pallidum
Chlaymydophila trachomatis
organism associated with cat bites
Pasteurella multocida
Zoonotics

name the vibrio species associated with fish
vibrio parahaemolyticus
Zoonotics

name the vibrio species associated with oysters
vibrio vulnificus
name the zoonotic pathogen associated with birds and atypical pneumonia
chlamydophila psittaci
name the zoonotic organisms part 1
B. anthracis

Salmonella

Leptospira

Borrelia
name the zoonotic organisms part 2
Listeria

Brucells

Francisella tularenis

Yersina
name the zoonotics part 3
Campylobacter

Rickttsia

Coxiella
name the vector for Chagas disease
kissing bugs
name vector for malaria
Anopheles mosquitos
name the vector for Dengue
Aedes mosquito
Name the mosquito borne encephalitides
WEE

EEE

VEE

SL
name the yellow fever vector
Aedes mosquito
other mosquio born pathogens
filariasis (also transmitted by midges)

West Nile virus
name the most important disease transmitted via sanflies
Leishmanias
other diseases transmitted by sandflies
viral sandfly fever (well, that's totally unexpected)

bartonellosis
diseases transmitted by blackflies
onchocerciasis
vector for African trypanosomiasis
tsetse flies
dieseases transmitted by deerflies/horse flies
loaloasis

tularemia
diseases transmitted via flea
plague

endemic typhus
rocky mountain spotted fever is transmitted via?
dermacentor tick
colorado tick fever is transmitted via
dermacentor tick
name the Lyme disease vector
Ixodes tick
Name the Ehrlichia vector

(Key to diagnosis?)
Ixodes tick

(morula)
name the Babesiosis vector
Ixodes tick
name the diseases transmitted by Ixodes
Lyme Disease
Ehrlichia
Babesiosis
name the other important diseases transmitted via tick
Tularemia

Recurrent fever (tick borne relapsing fever)
name the mite borne illnesses
scrub typhus

Rickettsialpox
name the TORCH pathogens
toxoplasmosis

Other (syphillis)

Rubella

CMV

HSV and HIV
name the non-contagious infections
NTB Mycobacteria

non-sporulating anaerobes

LEGIONELLA

all non-dermatophilic fungi
parasitic infections that cross the placenta
Toxoplasma
Bacterial infections that cross the placenta
T. pallidium

Listeria
viral infections that cross the placenta
HIV
Polio
Coxsackie B
HSV2
CMV
Rubella
name the worms transmitted by ova (common name)
Enterobius vermicularis (pinworm)

Ascaris loumbricoides (roundworm)
other parasitic infections transmitted by ova
Toxocara canis (visceral larva migrans)

Echinooccus

Taenia solium
name the bacteria transmitted sexually
Chlamydophila

Neisseria

Treponema

Trichomonas
name the viruses transmitted sexually
HIV
HPV
HSV2
CMV
name the diseases transmitted by non-sexual contact
Impetigo (both Staph and Strept)

Staph. ifns

HSV1

EBV

HBV
granuloma forming ifns

(idiotic mnemonic)
(Fran Likes My Pal Bruce And His Blasted Cockerspaniel (in) Blessed SLC)

(F)rancisella
(L)isteria
(M)ycobacteria
T. (P)allidium
(B)rucella
(A)ctinomyces
(H)istoplasma
(B)lastomyces
(C)occidiodes
(B)erylliosis
(S)arcoid
(L)ymphogranuloma venrum
(C)at scratch fever
infections that cause intracerebral calcifications
Toxoplasma
CMV
Cysticercosis
Cryptococcus
MTB meningitis