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108 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
sum total of genetic info carried by an organism?
genome
viruses can contain RNA or DNA?
either
RNA viruses have more single strand or double strands?
double strands
DNA viruses have what 2 types of strands?
single and double strands
flu is example of what?
segmented
when can genetic parasites replicate?
once they reach the hosts internal cell
virus attaches to host cell?
absorption
virus engulfed into vesicle?
penetration
what frees viral RNA into cell cytoplasm?
uncoated
cells takes the basic components of new viruses?
synthesizes
spike proteins go on cell membrane?
assembly
when nucleocapsid is formed from RNA & Capsomers?
assembly
when virus has spiked membrane enveloped around it? final stage?
release
inhibitors of cancer?
oncogenic
effect on cell?
transformation
what happens to host cell after phases?
destroyed
genital warts associated with cervical cancer?
HPV
most studied bacteriophage?
E. Coli
T-even bacteriophage phase doesn't have what step?
uncoating
which structures do bacteria fages attach to host?
tail
these are viruses that live in a host and cause disease later?
latent
infectious protein particles have what name?
prion
Krusfeld yucha disease is human form of?
sponge form of efomoctomy in humans
human body colozies by normal flora first?
during and after birth
which of these are considered not normal flora?
e-coli
stage of infectious disease sign and symptom most?
period of invasion
inital grief period such as muscle aches such as dull pain?
prodromal
evidence of disease felt by victim?
symptom
evidence measured by observation?
sign
study of frequency and distribution of disease?
epidemology
someone who harbors bacteria and spreads it?
carrier
animal such as an insect? carries the disease?
vector
object that harbors and transmits pathogens?
fomite
lukopenia is the term that deals with WBC in patient?
too few
diseases that can spread from animals to humans?
zoohoses
term for total number of deaths to a disease?
mortality
microorganism on body don't do harm?
normal flora
term for disease causing microorganism?
pathogen
transmission of disease by contact is called what?
direct contract
what method of disease transfer like insect bites?
indirect contact
epidemic spreads worldwide?
pandemic
infections by living in a hospital?
noscomia
reactivation of chicken pox is called what disease?
shingles
where is the best place to find staphlococus oris?
nose
papoloma virus responsible for causing what?
genital warts
mycoses caused by what?
fungal disease
on the body what is the first line of defense?
upper epidermis
term for any foreign substance that stimulates immune system?
antigen
these substances cause allergic reactions?
allergen
tissues transplanted to different spot on same patient?
autograft
frequent cancer seen in patients?
capoisarcoma
a virus in a tiny infectious?
particle
viruses are known to infect what?
all organisms
the capsid is composed of protein subunits called?
capsomers
the envelope of an animal viruse gets what from its host cell?
membrane
a prophage is an early stage in the development of?
bacterial virus
RNA viruses multiply where? and in DNA viruses multiply where?
cytoplasm, nucleus
enveloped viruses carry surface receptors called?
spikes
viruses cannot be cultivated in?
blood agar
clear patches in cell cultures that indicates sites of virus infection are called?
plauqes
what is the most absorbant area for toxins to enter on body?
urogenital
how do people get gastrointenstinal problems?
food and water
what does StORCH stand for?
Syphilis, toxoplasmosis, other diseases, rubella, cytomegalovirus, and herpes simplex
power to produce toxins?
toxigenicity
how is toxemia spread?
blood circulation
term for ingested toxin?
intoxication
term for restricted to one area?
local
term for infected all over?
systemic
toxin from local infection moved by blood on kidneys?
focal
term for several types of bacteria?
mixed
what is an example of primary infection?
chicken pox
what is a secondary infection?
spread bacteria to other areas
term for group of things acting together?
syndrome
what is the term for period between exposure and 1st symptom?
incubation
what is a short period where symtoms esculate?
prodromal
what does convalescence mean?
recovery
what 2 things are passive?
utensils and clothing
an example of fomite?
object
2 types of vectors?
biological & mechanical
who becomes sick with biological vector?
becomes sick themselves
who becomes sick with mechanical vector?
carries physically through fur and flies
what is the ability of microorganisms to cause infection and disease?
pathogenicity
what is natural immunity? 2 examples?
by having chicken pox, mothers milk
what is artifical immunity? 2 examples?
vaccine, serum
what is a reactio to allergens?
anaphylaxis
another term for allergic rhinitis?
hay fever
what does eczema mean?
skin reaction
where do you get skin in isograft?
twin
where do you get skin in allograft?
different person
where do you get skin in xenograft?
different species
best descriptive term for resident flora?
cemmensals
resident flora is commonly found in what area of body?
urethra
resident flora is absent from what part of body?
lungs
What is the specific action of hemolysins is to damage what?
red blood cells
example of non communicable infection?
tetanus
monocytes are ? and leukocytes turn into?
agranular and macrophages
B cells mature in what? T cells produce in what?
bone marrow, thymus
a vaccine that contains parts of viruses is called what?
subunit
what improves the contact between the antigen and lymphocytes?
adjuvant
a living microbe with reduced virulence that is used for vaccination is called?
attenuated
pollen is considered what type of allergen?
inhalant
B cells are responsible for what 2 allergies?
asthma and tuberculin reactions
the immediate cause of allergic symptoms?
allergic mediators released from mast cells and basophils
why can O blood type by donated to all people?
because it lacks antigens
what is an autoimmune disease that affects the joints?
arthritis
contact dermatitis is caused by what?
chemical absorbed by the skin
a positive tuberculin skin test is an example of what?
delayed type allergy
what disease is similar to AIDS?
DiGeorge syndrome