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169 Cards in this Set

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Chocalate Agar
H. Influenza
Thayer-Martin agar
N. gonorrhoeae
Bordet-Gengou(potato) agar
B. pertussis
Loffler's Medium
C. diphtheriae
Lowenstein-Jensen agar
M. tuberculosis
Charcoal yeast extract agar
Legionella
Sabouraud's agar
Fungi
Factors V and X
H. influenza
Grow on media w/ increased iron and cysteine
Legionella
India ink stain
Cryptococcus neoformans
Silver stain
Fungi, PCP, Legionella
Obligate aerobes
Nocardia, Pseudomonas, M. tuberculosis, Bacillus
Obligate anaerobes
Clostridium, Bacteroides, Actinomyces
lack catalase and/or superoxide dismutase
Obligate intracellular
Rickettsia, Chlamydia
Can't make their own ATP
Facultative intracellular
Salmonella, Neisseria, Brucella, Mycobacterium, Listeria, Francisella, Legionella, Yersinia
Encapsulated bacteria
Strep pneumoniae, H. influenza (especially type B), Neisseria meningitidis, Klebsiella pneumoniae
Beta hemolytic
Staph aureus, Strep pyogenes, Strep agalactiae, Listeria monocytogenes
Protein A
Binds and inhibits Fc-IgG
a/w Staphylococcus aureus
ASO titer
Strep pyogenes
ADP ribosylation of EF-2
exotoxin A
Diphtheria toxin and Pseudomonas
Toxin that inhibits ACh release
C. botulinum toxin
alpha toxin
C. perfringens
IgA protease
H. influenza, strep pneumoniae, Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Toxin that permanently activates Gs
Vibrio cholerae toxin; Also heat labile (LT) toxin in enterotoxigenic E. coli
Produce rice water stools
Toxin that permanently disables Gi
Pertussin toxin
Causes whooping cough
Edema Factor
Bacillus anthracis toxin
Urease positive
H. pylori, Proteus mirabilis, Ureaplasma, Nocardia & Cryptococcus
Cold agglutinins
IgM autoantibodies to RBC's
a/w Mycoplasma pneumoniae
M protein
virulence factor on fimbriae that interferes w/ phagocytosis
a/w Strep pyogenes
Toxin that causes bloody diarrhea
Shiga toxin(Shigella) and Shiga-like toxin(Enterohemorrhagic E. coli)
Phospholipase C
leads to necrosis
a/w Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Most common cause of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis
Strep. pyogenes
Scarlet fever
Strep. pyogenes
2nd MCC of CAP
H. influenza
2nd MCC of otitis media
H. influenza
Ulcerating necrotizing gingivitis when present w/ oral spirochetes
Fusobacterium nucleatum
Gram (+) lanclet shaped diplococcus
Strep. pneumoniae
MCC of otitis media in infants >2 months
Strep. pneumoniae
MCC of typical pneumonia in US
Strep. pneumoniae
Cell wall rich in teichoic acid
Strep. pneumoniae
Cholesterol in membrane
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
MCC of pneumoniae in 5-15 year olds
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Fried egg colonies
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Contaminates AC cooling towers
Legionella pneumophilia
Pontiac Fever
Legionella pneumophilia
Whooping cough
Bordetella pertussis
Cell wall lacks muramic acid
Chlamydia
Psittacosis
Chlamydia psittaci
Red currant jelly sputum
Klebsiella
Food poisoning from seafood
Vibrio parahaemolyticus/vulnificus
Food poisoning from reheated rice
Bacillus cereus
Food poisoning from mayonaise or custard
Staph aureus
Food poisoning from reheated meat dishes
Clostridium perfringens
Food poisoning from improperly canned foods
Clostridium botulinum
Food poisoning from undercooked meat
E. coli
Food poisoning from poultry and eggs
Salmonella
Pseudomembranous colitis
Clostridium difficile
"Honeymoon Cystitis"
Staph saprophyticus
"Swarming" growth on blood agar
Proteus mirabilis
Grow on 40% bile, pH 9.6 or 6.5% salt
Enterococcus faecalis
Gram (-) intracellular diplococcus
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
LOS endotoxin
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
STD w/ thick, yellow purulent exudate
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Spirochete STD
Treponema pallidum (syphillis)
STD w/ hard chancre w/ ulceration
Treponema pallidum (syphillis)
Jarisch-Herxheimer Rxn
occurs during treatment for syphillis
intensification of symptoms after begining tx- sign that treatment is working
Argyll Robertson pupil
sign of tertiary syphillis
pupil constricts w/ accomadation but not reactive to light
Tabes dorsalis
sign of tertiary syphillis
STD w/ cytoplasmic inclusion bodies
Chlamydia trachomatis
STD w/ greenish vaginal discharge w/ fishy smell
Gardnerella vaginallis
Clue cells
Gardnerella vaginallis
Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome
hemorrhage, circulatory failure and adrenal insufficiency
Complication of meningitis from Neisseria meningitidis
8th nerve deafness
complication of meningitis from Neisseria meningitidis
"tennis raquet" morphological appearance
Clostridium tetani
Exotoxin that blocks glycine release from Renshaw cells in spinal cord
Clostridium tetani
MCC of subacute bacterial endocarditis
Strep viridans
Dental carries
Strep viridans
Bacteria w/ remarkable ability to adhere to artificial materials in the body
Staph epidermidis
Gas gangrene
Clostridium perfringens
Pneumonia w/ blue-green sputum
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Flea bite in SW united states
Yersinia pestis
Lyme disease
Borrelia burgdorgeri
Transmitted via ixodes tick
Borrelia burgdorferi (lyme disease)
Bull's eye rash
Red rash w/ central clearing
a/w Borrelia burgdorferi (Lyme disease)
Berry-like structures in granulocytes
Ehrlichia phagocytophila and Anaplasma phagcyophilum
Granulocytic Ehrlichia
Weil-Felix reaction
assay for antiricketsial antibodies
cross reacts w/ proteus antigen
Rocky mountain spotted fever
Rickettsia rickettsii
Bacteria w/ polypeptide capsule
Bacillus anthracis
most capsules have polysaccharide
Yellow granular deposits
contain sulfur
a/w Actinomyces israelli
Bloody or Watery diarrhea:
Campylobacter
Bloody
Bloody or Watery diarrhea:
Salmonella
Bloody
Bloody or Watery diarrhea:
Vibrio Cholerae
Watery
Bloody or Watery diarrhea:
Yersinia enterocolitica
Bloody
Bloody or Watery diarrhea:
Enterotoxigenic E. coli
Watery
Bloody or Watery diarrhea:
Protozoa
Watery
Bloody or Watery diarrhea:
Shigella
Bloody
Bloody or Watery diarrhea:
Enterohemorrhagic E. coli
Bloody
Bloody or Watery diarrhea:
Viruses
Watery
Bloody or Watery diarrhea:
Clostridium perfringens
Watery
Bloody or Watery diarrhea:
Enteroinvasive E. coli
Bloody
Bloody or Watery diarrhea:
Clostridium difficile
Bloody
Bloody or Watery diarrhea:
Entamoeba histolytica
Bloody
Woolsorter's disease
inhalation of anthrax spores from contaminated wool
Pneumonia in alcoholics
Klebsiella
Pneumonia in diabetics
Klebsiella
Palm and sole rash
Rocky mountain spotted fever (rickettsia rickettsii), syphillis and coxsackie A virus (hand, foot and mouth disease)
VDRL false positives
VDRL is a test for syphillis
False positives from mononucleosis, hepatitis, some drugs, rheumatic fever, rheumatoid arthritis, SLE and leprosy
MCC of Acute Bacterial endocarditis
Staph aureus
Lobar pneumonia
Strep pneumonia
Bronchopneumonia
Staph aureus, H. influenza, Klebsiella, Strep pyogenes
Interstitial pneumonia
aka atypical pneumonia
Viruses (RSV, adenovirus), Mycoplasma, Legionella, Chlamydia
Cat scratch disease
Bartonella henselae
Mulberry clusters in monocytes
Ehrlichia chafeensis
Monocytic ehrlichiosis
"Shepard's crook" spirochetes
Leptospira interrogans
How Neisseria gonorrhoeae produces recurrent infections
antigenic and phase variations of pili
How does E. coli transfer drug resistances
transfer of multiple plasmids via conjugation
Infection sometimes related to eating honey
Clostridium botulinim
Causes floppy baby syndrome from ingestion of spores in contaminated honey
Type of virus:
Adenoviridae
dsDNA
Naked, icosahedral
Type of virus:
Hepadnaviridae
dsDNA
enveloped
Type of virus:
Herpesviridae
dsDNA
enveloped, icosahedral
Type of virus:
Parvoviridae
ssDNA
naked, icosahedral
Type of virus:
Papovaviridae
dsDNA
naked, icosahedral
Type of virus:
Poxviridae
dsDNA
enveloped, Brick shaped virion
Type of virus:
Coronaviridae
(+)ssRNA
enveloped, helical
Type of virus:
Flaviviridae
(+)ssRNA
enveloped, icosahedral
Type of virus:
Picornaviridae
(+)ssRNA
naked, icosahedral
Type of virus:
Retroviridae
(+)ssRNA
enveloped, icosahedral
Type of virus:
Togaviridae
(+)ssRNA
enveloped, icosahedral
Type of virus:
Caliciviridae
(+)ssRNA
naked, icosahedral
Type of virus:
Bunyaviridae
(-)ssRNA (circular)
enveloped, helical
Type of virus:
Orthomyxoviridae
(-)ssRNA
enveloped, helical
Type of virus:
Paramyxoviridae
(-)ssRNA
enveloped, helical
Type of virus:
Rhabdoviridae
(-)ssRNA
enveloped, helical
Type of virus:
Filoviridae
(-)ssRNA
enveloped, helical
Type of virus:
Arenaviridae
(-)ssRNA (circular)
enveloped, helical
Type of virus:
Reoviridae
dsRNA
naked, icosahedral (double)
Type of virus:
Deltavirus
(-)ssRNA (circular)
enveloped, helical
What viruses are in:
Hepadnaviridae
Hepatitis B virus
What viruses are in:
Herpesviridae
HSV-1, HSV-2, varicella-zoster, EBV, CMV, HHV-6, HHV-8
What viruses are in:
Parvoviridae
B19 virus
What viruses are in:
Papovaviridae
Human papilloma virus
JC virus
What viruses are in:
Poxviridae
variola (smallpox), vaccinia, molluscum contagiosum viruses
What viruses are in:
Picornaviridae
Poliovirus, Echovirus, Rhinovirus, Coxsackie virus, Hepatitis A, enterovirus
What viruses are in:
Caliciviridae
Hepatitis E virus, Norwalk virus
What viruses are in:
Reoviridae
Reovirus, rotavirus, orbivirus
What viruses are in:
Flaviviridae
Hepatitis C, Yellow fever, Dengue, St. Louis encephalitis, West nile viruses
What viruses are in:
Togaviridae
Rubella(German measles), Eastern equine encephalitis, Wester equine encephalitis
What viruses are in:
Retroviridae
HIV, HTLV
What viruses are in:
Orthomyxoviridae
Influenza virus
What viruses are in:
Paramyxoviridae
Parainfluenza, Respiratory syncitial, measles, mumps, subacute sclerosing panencephalitis, Newcastle disease viruses
What viruses are in:
Rhabdoviridae
Rabies virus, vesicular stomatitis virus
What viruses are in:
Filoviridae
Ebola, Marburg hemorrhagic fever viruses
What viruses are in:
Bunyaviridae
California encephalitis, Sandfly/Rift Valley fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, hantavirus, La Crosse encephalitis virus
Gram (+) Cocci; Catalase (+); Coagulase (+)
Staphylococcus Aureus
Gram (+) Cocci; Catalase (+); Coagulase (-); Novobiocin resistant
Staphyloccocus saprophyticus
Gram (+) Cocci; Catalase (+); Coagulase (-); Novobiocin sensitive
Staphylococcus epidermidis
Gram (+) Cocci; Catalase (-); alpha hemolysis; optochin sensitive
Streptococcus Pneumoniae
Gram (+) Cocci; Catalase (-); alpha hemolysis; optochin resistant
Streptococcus viridans
Gram (+) Cocci; Catalase (-); beta hemolysis; Bacitracin sensitive
Streptococcus pyogenes- Group A
Gram (+) Cocci; Catalase (-); beta hemolysis; Bacitracin resistant
Streptococcus agalactiae- Group B
Gram (+) Cocci; Catalase (-); gamma hemolysis
Enterococcus and Peptostreptococcus
Gram (+) Bacilli
Clostridium, Corynebacterium, Listeria, Bacillus
Gram (-) Cocci; Maltose fermenter
Neisseria meningitidis
Gram (-) Cocci; Maltose Nonfermenter
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Gram (-) Coccoid rods
H. Influenza, Pasteurella, Brucella, Bordetella pertussis
Gram (-) Rods; Fast Lactose Fermenter
Klebsiella, E. Coli, Enterobacter
Gram (-) Rods; Slow Lactose Fermenter
Citrobacter, Serratia
Gram (-) Rods; Lactose Nonfermenter; Oxidase (-)
Shigella, Salmonella, Proteus
Gram (-) Rods; Lactose Nonfermenter; Oxidase (+)
Pseudomonas