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130 Cards in this Set

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Father of Microbiogy
Leeuwenhoek
first to discover and describe microscopic forms of life
Leeuwnhoek
Life could spontaneously arise from decomposing nonliving material
Abiogenesis
Father of handwashing
Semmelweis
Father of Immunology
SCIENCE THAT DEALS WITH IMMUNITY (PROTECTION FROM A DIESEASE)
Pasteur
Theory of Fermentation
Pasteur
specific microbe produces a specific change in substance on which it grows
theory of fermintation
Pasteuriztion technique of heating of substance to destroy micro organisms
PASTUER
SPECIFIC DIESEASE, SPECIFIC MICROORGANISM
GERM THEORY BY PASTUER
DEVELOPED VACCINES FOR RABIES AND CHOLERA
PASTUER
Pure culture research methods (petri dish)
Koch
life can only arise from preexisting life, or cells must arise from cells
biogenesis
credit for theory of biogenesis
Virchow
causative agent must be present in every case of the disease and must not be present in healthy animals
Kochs Postulate
pathogen must be isolated from the disease host animal and grown in pure culture
Kochs Postulate
Father of Microbiogy
Leeuwenhoek
first to discover and describe microscopic forms of life
Leeuwnhoek
Life could spontaneously arise from decomposing nonliving material
Abiogenesis
Father of handwashing
Semmelweis
Father of Immunology
SCIENCE THAT DEALS WITH IMMUNITY (PROTECTION FROM A DIESEASE)
Pasteur
Theory of Fermentation
Pasteur
specific microbe producese a specific change in substance on which it grows
theory of fermintation
Pasteuriztion techniques HEATING OF SUBSTANCE TO DESTROY MICRO ORGANISMS
PASTUER
SPECIFIC DIESEASE, SPECIFIC MICROORGANISM
GERM THEORY MR. PASTUER
DEVELOPED VACCINES FOR RABIES AND CHOLERA
PASTUER
Pure culture research methods (petri dish)
Koch
life can only arise from preexisting life cells must arise from cells
biogenesis
credit for theory of biogenesis
Virchow
causative agent must be present in every case of the disease and must not be present in healthy animals
Kochs Postulate
pathogen must be isolated from the disease host animal and grown in pure culture
Kochs Postulate
same diesease must be produced when microbes from the pure culture are inoculated into healthy animals
Koch Postulates
kill or eliminate all microorganisms
Sterile asepetic technique
elimates pathogens
aseptic technique
introduce aseptic technique
Lister
process of boiling and cooling repeatedly to destroy spores
Tyndall
made book containing discriptions of objects he observed with compound microscope
Hooke
Acellular Microorganims (3)
Viroids
prions
viruses
MICROORGANISMS
Cellular Procaryotes (3)
archaea
bacteria
cyaneobacteria
MICROORGANISMS (5)
Cellular Eucaryotes
algae
protozoa
fungi
humans
animals
lack nucleus, repoduction via bianary fission (ASEXUAL)
Procaryon
well defined nucleas, sexual repoduction, mitosis or meiosis
Eucaryon
reduces scattering of light
oil immersion
ubiguitous means???
everywhere
Microflora
organisms in or on body
what percentage of pathogens are harmful
3%
pathogen that causes diesease is called?
Etiologic agent
5 catagoies of pathogens hint:all bugs function in particular venues
algae
bacteria
fungi
protozoa
virus
an organism that lives on or in another living organism
parasite
microorganism that does not cause diesese
non pathogen
microorganism waiting to cause disease
opportunistic pathogen
diesease causing micoorganism
pathogen
native to
indigenous
staph is postive of negative??
positive
strep is postive of negative??
positive
aid in decomposition of dead organisms are called decomposer or ??
saprophytes
study of fungi
mycology
study of algae
phycology
organisms that require oxygen
aerobes
do not require oxygen
anarobes
uses electron beam as source of illumination
electron microscope
science of cell classification and ID
taxonomy
this cell wall can be stained for ID??
A bacterial cell wall
colors of positive stain? (3)
violet
purple
blue
color of negative stain? (1)
red
peptidogycan chains make up there cell walls??
bacteria
thick cell walls = what kind of stain result
positive
thin cell walls = what kind of stain result
negative
4 types pf flagella? hint: PALM
peritrichous bac
amphitrichous bac
lophotricous bac
monotricous bac
dipoloid
46 choromosomes
haploid
23 chromosomes
two twin cells after nucleas divids hint: t in twin is also in this word
mitosis
1 diploid cell divides into 2 haploid cells which divide into 4 daughter cells hint: like family tree
meiosis
a single parent cell divides into 2 daughter cells with duplication of chromosomes?
binary fission
Slime protects from natural defenses. What am I?
bacteria capsule
resistant to disinfectants and boiling. Spore germinates on moisture rich surface. Hard to kill!!
Endospore
do plants,algae,fungi and bacteria have cell walls??
yes
do prototozoa and mycoplasma species have cell walls??
no
test used to test for turburculosis
acid fast
cell structure: regulates passage of nutrients, wastes, etc
cell membrane
cell structure: command center
nucleus
cell structure: gelatinous nutreint matrix
cytoplasm
cell structure:transport network
endoplasmic reticulum (ER)
cell structure:provide rigidity and protection
cell wall
cell structure: Synthesis essential proteins
Ribosomes
cell structure: communicates with ER "packaging plants"
golgi apparatus
cell structure: digestive enzyemes that breakdown foreign matter
lysosome
cell structure: "Power Plant" where ATP molecules are formed
mitocondria
cell structure: cell division. function in mitosis
centrioles
cell structure: rRNA molecules are manufactured
nucleolus
size, shape and arrangement of cells
cell morphology
cell morphology: cocci
round
cell morphology:
streptococci pyogens what shape?? hint:strep
cocci chains
cell morphology: staphylocococcus, wounds or infections. what shape?
clusters
staph
cell morphology: diplococci what shape?
pairs
cell morphology: bacilli what shape?
rod shaped
cell morphology: diplobacilli what shape?
rod shaped pairs
cell morphology: streptobacilli what shape?
rod shaped chain
cell morphology: coccobacilli what shape?
very short rod shaped
cell morphology: spirillum syphiles what shape?
spirals (spiroketes
cell morphology: vibro cloera what shape?
comma shaped
cell wall defiecent bacteria due to adverse growing conditions? can revert back
L forms
ability to exist in a variety of shapes?
pleomorphism
organisms of this genus cause gas gangren tetnus?
clostrium
created gram staining?
Hans Gram
early compound microscope was built by?
jansen
used to differentiate mycobacterium organisms?
Acid Fast Stain
motility is best examined by what kind of method?
hanging drop method
oxygen requirments are 20-21%or room air??
obligate aerobe
oxygen requirements can be lower than room air?
Microaerophilic
no oxygen required?
anarobes
can only grow in an enviroment without oxygen
obligate anarobe
Does not require oxygen. Grows better without but can survive in O2 enviroment
aerotolerant anaerobles
survives with or without oxygen?
facultate anarobes
grows in carbon dioxide rich enviroment?
capnophiles
cap think CO2
what kind of pathogens need hosts?
obligate intracellular pathogens
caused by vectors??
rickettsias
small cellular microbe, lack cell wall. Pleomorphic. Free living parasite. Causes a typical pneumonia. resistant to antibiotics that inhibit cell wall synthesis?
Mycoplasmas
energy parasite. Can't produce ATP?
Clamydias
mature virus particles. Don't fit cell. contain RNA or DNA not both.
Virions
replication is directed by nucleic acid within a host cell?
Virions
dependent on host cells for life?
viruses
yeast, its an opportunistic causing infection
candida albicians
bacterium that is gram variable and acid fast
mycobacterium tuberculosis
is yeast eucaryotic??
yes
found on soil, water, on trees, plants and rocks?
algae
are fungi eucaryotes?
yes
simple plant like structure(but not plants) no photosythesis???
fungi
infects hosts. RNA or DNA never both.
virus
genome nuclear material surround by capsid or protein coat
virus
simple plant, photosynthesis?
algae