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6 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
PERSON TO PERSON CONTACT
a.shaking hands b.kissing c.sexual intercourse d.respitory droplet
direct method of transmission
ex:: fomite
-food and waterborne diseases
-insect vectors(bug bite)
-animal vectors
-water,soil,air- environment
INDIRECT METHODS OF TRANSMISSION
INGESTION OF TOXIN
-NO COLONIZATION -NO BACTERIA IN BODY
A.BOTULISM B.STAPHLOCOCCIAL FOOD POISING C.CLOSTRIDIAL FOOD POISING
INTOXICATIONS
INGEST ORGANISM AND COLONIZED THE G.I. TRACT
-MAY PRODUCE TOXINS (FEVER)
A.SALMONELLOSIS B.SALMOELLA TYPHI(TYPHOID FEVER) C.LISTERIOSIS D.SHIGELLOSIS E.CAMPYTOLBACTER F.E.COLI DIARRHEA G.CHOLERA JEJANI
INFECTIONS
ORGANISM:: CLOSTIDIUM BOTULINUM
-GRAM POSITIVE ENDOSPORE FORMING ROD
-OBLIGATE ANAEROBE
RES::WATER,SOIL,MANURE
TRANS/FOOD SOURCE:: IMPROPERLY CANNED FOOD
121C/15PSI/15-20MIN. DOES NOT LIKE HIGH ACIDS
-->FLAVORED OILS
-->AMERICAN ESKIMOS:MOK TOK(ROTTED WHALE BLUBBER)
SYPMOTOMS:: TOXIN ODORLESS,COLORLESS,TASTELESS
-MOST POWERFUL TOXIN KNOWN
1.BLURRED VISION
2.SLURRED SPEECH
3.DIFFICULITY IN CHEWING AND SWALLOWING
4.DIFFICULTY IN BREATHING
5.LOSS IN MUSCLE TONE(FLACAD PARALYSIS)
6.DIAPHRAGM STOPS CONTRACTING
---FEW HOURS TO 1 DAY---
TREATMENT:: ANTITOXIN-A,B,E
BOTOX (BOTUCHLISM TOXIN)
--HEAT LIABLE(SENSITIVE) 90C/10MIN
--INFANT BOTULISM:EARLY SIDS
----HONEY LOADED W/BOTULISM SPORES
*4YRS OLD CAN GIVE HONEY
BOTULISM
ORG:: STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS
--GRAM POSITIVE COCCI- STAP ARRANGEMENT CLUSTERING
--FACULTATIVE ANAEROBE
--PSYCHROTOLERENT
--HALOPHILE AKA SALE
RES:: HUMAN SKIN,MASAL CAVITY
TRANS/FOOD::INFECTED FOOD HANDLER -CUT,ABCESS,BOIL-
SNEEZE GUARDS @ THE BUFFETS
FOODS::MAYO PREPARED SALADS
-CREME PIES, PUDDINGS,
-DELI MEATS,BACON,HAM,HOT DOGS
SYMPTOMS::VOMITING,DIARRHEA,CRAMPS,NAUSEA.
---20MIN/1-2HOURS TO START EFFECT
--24HOURS RECOVERY
STAPHYLOCOCCAL FOOD POISING