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13 Cards in this Set

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Cell Respiration
The process of breaking down glucose into energy.
Formula
C6H12O6 + 6O2 ----> 6C02 + 6H2O + ATP
Organisms
All
Organelle
Mitochondria and Cytoplasm
Aerobic Respiration
Requires oxygen to take place.
Anaerobic Respiration
Doesn't require oxygen by releases much more toxic wastes and isn't nearly as effective.
Glycolysis
First stage of respiration, located in the cytoplasm, anaerobic, and produces two ATP.
Citric Acid Cycle
Second stage of respiration, located in the mitochondrion, aerobic, and produces two ATP.
Electron Transport Chain
Third and most effective stage of respiration, located in the mitochondrion, aeronbic, and produces 32 ATP.
Fermentation
Used when oxygen is scarce and respiration cannot be used effectively to produce ATP.
Lactic Acid Fermentation
Glycolysis ----> Lactic acid

Produces two ATP with use of bacteria
Alcoholic Fermentation
Glycolysis ----> Ethyl Alcohol

Produces two ATP with use of bacteria and yeast.
ATP Molecule
Energy storing molecule that gives cells the energy to carry out daily activities.