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22 Cards in this Set

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Photosynthesis
The process plants use to make carbohydrates (glucose)
Formula
6H20 + 6CO2 ---> C6H1206 + 6O2
Organisms
Plants, Algae
Light Dependent Reaction
Convert Light energy into chemical energy
Chlorophyll
(a & b) chlorophyll in forms a and b absorbs most wavelengths of light except for green
Electron Transport Chain
A series of proteins embedded in the thylakoid membrane
ATP
Energy storing molecules in cells
NADP
Electron carrier molecule
Stroma
Where electron is stored
Photolysis
To replace the lost electrons, molecules of water are split. Each water molecule produces one-half molecule of oxygen gas, two hyrdrogen ions, and two electrons
Light Independent Reaction
produces glucose
Calvin Cycle
carbon dioxide is fixed and six-carbon sugar formed
Cellular Respiration
The process in which glucose is broken down into: water, carbon dioxide, and ATP
Formula
C6H12O2 + O2 ---> CO2 + H20 + ATP
Organisms
All Organisms
Organelle
Mitochondria
Aerobic Respiration
The release of energy from glucose in the presence of oxygen
Anaerobic Respiration
The absence of air respiration in which an inorganic molecule other than oxygen is the final electron acceptor
Glycolysis
Anaerobic
ATP Produced: 4
ATP Used: 2
Glucose-->Pyruvic Acid
Takes Place in Cytoplasm
Citric Acid Cycle
Aerobic
ATP Produced: 2
ATP Used: 2
Glucose-->CO2
Takes Place in Mitochondria
Election Transport Chain
Aerobic
ATP Produced: 2
ATP Used: 2
O2-->ATP
Takes Place in Mitochondria
Fermentation
Used When there is no oxygen in body