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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
clostridium difficile (pseudomembranous enterocolitis)
fluid and salt, vancomycin or metro in severe cases
clostridium tetanus
antitoxin, penicillin or metronidazole, and vaccine booster (DPT)
clostridium botulinum
antitoxin, antibiotic treatment is controversial, wounds infection with penicillin
clostridium perfringens
surgical intervention for gangrene plus penicillin, food poisoning just fluid and salt
bacillus anthracis
fluoroquinolones like ciproflaxin, doxycycline, use vaccine
actinomyces israeli
penicillin, surgical drainage
nocardia asteroides
trimethoprim/sulfa, surgical drainage
listeria monocytogenes
amplicillin
cornyebacterium diptheriae
antitoxin sera, peniciliin and erythromycin, vaccine (DPT)
Klebsiella Pneumoniae
fluoroquinolones if needed
Escherichia Coli
fluoroquinolones if needed
Salmonella Typhi
cephalosponrin like ceftriaxone, fluoroquinolone, vaccines exist
Salmonella Enteritidis
fluoroquinolones if needed
Shigella Dysenteriae
fluoroquinolones if needed
Proteus Mirabilis
fluoroquinolones if needed
Vibrio Cholera
tetracycline or fluoroquinolones if needed
Pseudomonas Aeruginosa
beta lactam (piperacillin, ceftzidime, ticaricillin, or cefepime) plus an aminoglycoside (gentamycin or tobramycin)
Yersinia Enterolitica
fluorquinolones if needed
Yersinia Pestis
aminoglycoside like streptomycin
Helicobacter Pylori
proton pump inhibitor, bismuth, amoxicillin/clarithromycin or tetracycline/metronidazole
Campylobacter Jejuni
fluoroquinolones if needed
Bacteroides Fragilis
intra-abdomina: fluoroquinolone + metronidazole,or cefotetan or piperacillin/tazobactam gynecological- same peridontal- cefotetan or piperacillin/tazobactam acne- topical peroxide + tetracycline or erythromycin or clindamycine
Neisseria Gonorrhoeae
cephalosporins (ceftriaxone), plus fluoroqinolone/doxycycline for chlamydia, azithromycin, for newborns silver nitrate or erythromycin
Neisseria Meningitidis
cephalosporins (cefotaxime or ceftriaxone), rifampin for prophylaxis
Haemophilus Influenzae
cephalosporin
Legionella Pneumophilia
macrolides
Bordetella Pertussis
macrolides
Brucella
doxycycline plus rifampin or gentamycin
Franciscella Tularensis
streptomycin (aminoglycoside)
Pasteurella Multocida
amoxicillin-clavulanate