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48 Cards in this Set

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Measles, Mumps or Rubella
which transmitted by airborne?
measles
MMR uses what kind of vaccine?
live, attenuated
Diptheria is an example of a
toxoid
Is MMR vaccine associated w/ autism?
NO
when wearing a mask, what color goes out blue or white?
blue
what does MOSH stand for
maryland
occupational
safety
health
double exposure is
prick patient
prick self
prick self
than prick patient
what is the most common cause of BBP exposure in all health care?
needle stick
HBV can survive ____outside body/surface
7+ days
Incubation of HCV?
3-4 days
12-14 days
6-7 weeks
6-8 weeks
6-7weeks
Does HIV survive outside body?
no
what is the chance one gets infected w/ HIV contaminated needle?
<1%
What accounts for 53% of all new HIV?
MSM
what's the difference between handwashing and antiseptic washing?
hand is jsut soap and water
other uses antiseptic agent
When is a disinfectant used?
on inaminate surfaces
Birex is what level what?
intermediate level disinfector
what is a semi-critical instrument?
contacts membrane but doesn't penetrate
mouth mirror, amalgam condensor, handpiece are examples of what?
semi-critical
impetigo is a ___lesion, on what layer of skin?
VESICULAR
superficial
dew drop on a rose petal is characteristic of
Varicella Zoster virus
sarcoidosis is a red plaque with systemic symptoms, that looks like
TINEA
erysipelas has ____borders that are/are not tender/painful
well demarcated, which are tender
contact dermatitis can look like____but it doesn't have the fever/tender borders
erysipelas
candidiasis medications end in
-zole
___is an infection of multiple pilosebaceous units
carbuncle
____is an infection of a single pilosebaceous unit
furuncle
verucca vulgaris is which HPV strains? (4)
2,4,6,40
which skin condition has long fingerlike projections, often seen in periorbital region?
verruca filiform
describe verruca filiform
long fingerlike projections from a wart-like lesion
wwhat is the most commonly STD?
chlamydia
what is the least common STD?
hiv
syphillis and gonno
which has pili?
which has cloak proteins/slime?
syphillis - cloak/slime
gonno - pilli
gonno and syphillis
which has pili?
which has cloak proteins/slime?
syphillis - cloak/slime
gonno - pili
Sores
which are painful, which are painless?
Herpes, Chancroid, Syphillis, Granuloma ing, venereum
Pain - herpes, chanchroid
less - syph, vener, gran
the 2ndary part of what STdisease has a characteristic rash?
syphillis
2ndary syphillis is defined by what?
rash on palm/sole
hpv seen w/
cervical cancer
which Hep is transferred often in drug users?
hep a
which hep is cause of cancer/cirrhosis?
B
3 major BBps
HBV
HCV
HIV
which Hep has a higher chance of getting thru needle pric?
HBV
which BBP has lowest change of transmission?
HIV
non-compliance
1.Improper needle or sharps handling
2. Improper or incomplete use of personal protective equipment (PPE);
3. Use of contaminated equipment or instruments for direct care; double exposure
4. Touching clean or non contaminated items or surfaces with contaminated gloves, items, or hands
5. Food and beverages, or personal grooming in patient care areas
6. Inappropriate or incomplete disposal of hazardous or infectious waste
7. Failure to use appropriate barriers and /or adequately disinfect treatment areas between patients; failure to flush and clean /maintain dental equipment and dental unit tubing and filters
8. Failure to report an exposure or comply with medical follow-up
when is PPE needed
working or
w/in 3 feet of open mouth
2 things @ risk for cross contamination
keyboard, mouse
what 2 things DON't get barrier?
handpiece, scaler
what is the act of inducing specific protection against a disease by administering an immunologic vaccine, stimulating body's immune system to produce Ab or cell mediated
artificial active immunization
PID
women