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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What disease is characterized by:
inflammation of the eyelid margin
itchiness, redness
can lead to lid thickening and loss of eyelashes
Many causes (including rosacea and seborrheic dermatitis)
What is the most common infectious cause?
Blepharitis. The most common infectious cause is Staphylococcus aureus
These are common systems of what?
Pain, burning, sandy, and/or gritty feeling in eye
Discharge, with eye “stuck shut” in the morning
What are the most common bacterial causes of conjunctivitis
Staph aureus
Strep pneumo
Haemophilus flu
Moraxella catarrhalis
Treat with topical antibiotics
What are the most common viral causes of conjunctivitis
Herpes simplex
Treat with topical lubricating agent
These are characteristics of conjunctivitis caused by what pathogens?
Usually unilateral

Purulent discharge (yellow/white/green)

Purulent discharge often appears soon after wiping lids

Min to severe conjunctival edema

Node not typical

Discharge continous
These are symptoms of conjunctivitis caused by what type of pathogens?
Typically bilateral
Watery or mucoserous discharge
Profuse tearing
Little edema
preauricular node common
Discharge improves after am
These are symptoms of conjunctivitis caused by what?
Watery or mucoid
Some tearing
May have edema
No node
d/c may improve
What are some common causes of external eye disease in newborns
Chlamydia trachomatis
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Herpes simplex virus
What disease has these characteristics?
Inflammation of the vitreous or aqueous humor
Usually caused by bacteria or fungi.
Symptoms:decreasing vision
eye ache
fever uncommon
Exam: decreased visual acuity
hypopyon (layering of white blood cells in anterior chamber)
view of retina is hazy
What are two congenital causes of Chorioretinitis
What are the most common causes of otitis externa
Bacteria: Pseudomonas aeruginosa (in swimmers), Staph aureus, Staph epidermidis
Fungal (10% of cases): Candida, Aspergillus
What are the most common causes of otitis media
Bacteria: Strep pneumo (not so much anymore because of Pneumovax), Haemo flu, Moraxella catarrhalis, Pseudomonas

Viruses: RSV, rhinovirus, influenza, adenovirus
Most cases of sinusitis are caused by what
Viruses causing a cold (viral rhinosinusitis)
A small percentage of these are complicated by bacterial sinusitis
These are symptoms of what?
-nasal congestion
-purulent nasal discharge
-maxillary tooth pain
-facial pain
-facial pressure
What fungi can cause chronic sinusitis
Dematiaceaous molds
What two organisms don’t you want to miss in a patient presenting with pharyngitis?
Group A Streptococci
Two other important causes of pharyngitis are Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Corynebacterium diptheriae