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42 Cards in this Set

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CONGENITAL IMMUNE DEFICIENCY
THE INABILITY, DUE TO AN INDIVIDUAL'S GENOTYPE, TO PRODUCE SPECIFIC ANTIBODIES OR T CELLS
CONGENITAL
REFERS TO A CONDITION EXISTING AT BIRTH; MAY BE INHERITED OR ACQUIRED IN UTERO
HISTAMINE
A SUBSTANCE RELEASED BY TISSUE CELLS THAT CAUSES VASODILATION, CAPILLARY PERMEABILITY, AND SMOOTH MUSCLE CONTRACTION
GRAFT-VERSUS-HOST (GVH) DISEASE
A CONDITION THAT OCCURS WHEN A TRANSPLANTED TISSUE HAS AN IMMUNE RESPONSE TO THE TISSUE RECIPIENT
DELAYED-TYPE HYPERSENSITIVITY
CELL-MEDIATED HYPERSENSITIVITY
AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE
DAMAGE TO ONE'S OWN ORGANS DUE TO ACTION OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM
Rh BLOOD GROUP SYSTEM
THE CLASSIFICATION OF RED BLOOD CELLS BASED UPON THE PRESENCE OR ABSENCE OF Rh ANTIGENS
HUMAN LEUKOCYTE ANTIGEN (HLA) COMPLEX
HUMAN CELL SURFACE ANTIGENS
ABO BLOOD GROUP SYSTEM
THE CLASSIFICATION OF RED BLOOD CELLS BASED ON THE PRESENCE OR ABSENCE OF A AND B CARBOHYDRATE ANTIGENS
MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX (MHC)
THE GENES THAT CODE FOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY ANTIGENS; ALSO KNOWN AS HUMAN LEUKOCYTE ANTIGEN (HLA) COMPLEX
XENOGRAFT
A TISSUE GRAFT FROM ANOTHER SPECIES; ALSO CALLED XENOTRANSPLANT
ALLOGRAFT
A TISSUE GRAFT THAT IS NOT FROM A GENETICALLY IDENTICAL DONOR (I.E., NOT FROM SELF OR AN IDENTICAL TWIN)
HYPERSENSITIVITY
AN ALTERED, ENHANCED IMMUNE REACTION LEADING TO PATHOLOGICAL CHANGES; ALSO CALLED ALLERGY
SEROCONVERSION
A CHANGE IN A PERSON'S RESPONSE TO AN ANTIGEN IN A SEROLOGICAL TEST
BASOPHIL
A GRANULOCYTE (LEUKOCYTE) THAT READILY TAKES UP BASIC DYE AND IS NOT PHAGOCYTIC; HAS RECEPTORS FOR IgE Fc REGIONS
Rh FACTOR
AN ANTIGEN ON RED BLOOD CELLS OF RHESUS MONKEYS AND MOST HUMANS; POSSESSION MAKES THE CELLS Rh1
PRIVILEGED SITE (TISSUE)
AN AREA OF THE BODY (OR A TISSUE) THAT DOES NOT ELICIT AN IMMUNE RESPONSE
IMMUNOLOGICAL SURVEILLANCE
THE BODY'S IMMUNE RESPONSE TO CANCER
EXON
A REGION OF A EUKARYOTIC CHROMOSOME THAT ENCODES A PROTEIN
PROSTAGLANDIN
A HORMONE LIKE SUBSTANCE THAT IS RELEASED BY DAMAGED CELLS, INTENSIFIES INFLAMMATION
ALLERGEN
AN ANTIGEN THAT EVOKES A HYPERSENSITIVITY RESPONSE
HISTOCOMPATIBILITY ANTIGEN
AN ANTIGEN ON THE SURFACE OF HUMAN CELLS
IMMUNOTHERAPY
MAKING USE OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM TO ATTACK TUMOR CELLS, EITHER BY ENHANCING THE NORMAL IMMUNE RESPONSE OR BY USING TOXIN-BEARING SPECIFIC ANTIBODIES
ISOGRAFT
A TISSUE GRAFT FROM A GENETICALLY IDENTICAL SOURCE (I.E., FROM AN IDENTICAL TWIN)
SYSTEMIC ANAPHYLAXIS
A HYPERSENSITIVITY REACTION CAUSING VASODILATION AND RESULTING IN SHOCK; ALSO CALLED ANAPHYLACTIC SHOCK
SUPERANTIGEN
AN ANTIGEN THAT ACTIVATES MANY DIFFERENT T CELLS, THEREBY ELICITING A LARGE IMMUNE RESPONSE
SELF-TOLERANCE
THE ABILITY OF AN ORGANISM TO RECOGNIZE AND MOT MAKE ANTIBODIES AGAINST SELF
ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY
THE INABILITY, OBTAINED DURING THE LIFE OF AN INDIVIDUAL, TO PRODUCE SPECIFIC ANTIBODIES OR T CELLS, DUE TO DRUGS OR DISEASE
LOCALIZED ANAPHYLAXIS
AN IMMEDIATE HYPERSENSITIVITY REACTION THAT IS RESTRICTED TO A LIMITED AREA OF SKIN OR MUCOUS MEMBRANE; FOR EXAMPLE, HAYFEVER, A SKIN RASH, OR ASTHMA
IMMUNE COMPLEX
A CIRCULATING ANTIGEN-ANTIBODY AGGREGATE CAPABLE OF FIXING COMPLEMENT
LEUKOTRIENE
A SUBSTANCE PRODUCED BY MAST CELLS AND BASOPHILS THAT CAUSES INCREASED PERMEABILITY OF BLOOD VESSELS AND HELPS PHAGOCYTES ATTACH TO PATHOGENS
DESENSITIZATION
THE PREVENTION OF ALLERGIC INFLAMMATORY RESPONSES
AIDS (ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME)
AN INFECTIOUS DISEASE CAUSED BY THE HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) IN WHICH THE VIRUS INFECTS CD4 CELLS
AUTOGRAFT
A TISSUE GRAFT FROM ONE'S SELF
HYPERACUTE REJECTION
VERY RAPID REJECTION OF TRANSPLANTED TISSUE, USUALLY IN THE CASE OF TISSUE FROM NONHUMAN SOURCES
IMMUNOSUPPRESSION
INHIBITION OF THE IMMUNE RESPONSE
DEGRANULATION
THE RELEASE OF CONTENTS OF SECRETORY GRANULES FROM MAST CELLS OR BASOPHILS DURING ANAPHYLAXIS
ANAPHYLAXIS
A HYPERSENSITIVITY REACTION INVOLVING IgE ANTIBODIES, MAST CELLS, AND BASOPHILS
MAST CELL
A TYPE OF CELL FOUND THROUGHOUT THE BODY THAT CONTAINS HISTAMINE AND OTHER SUBSTANCES THAT STIMULATE VASODILATION
IMMUNE DEFICIENCY
THE ABSENCE OF AN ADEQUATE IMMUNE RESPONSE; MAY BE CONGENITAL OR ACQUIRED
WHEAL
A SMALL, BURNING OR ITCHING SWELLING OF THE SKIN, SUCH AS THAT RESULTING FROM A SKIN TEST OR MOSQUITO BITE
IMMUNOLOGICAL ESCAPE
RESISTANCE OF CANCER CELLS TO THE IMMUNE RESPONSE