Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The law passed by congress in 1970 to assure so far as possible every working man and woman in the nation safe and healthful working conditions and to preserve out human resources.
Occupational Safety and Health Act
the agency createde wihtin the department of labor to set safety and health standards for almost all workers in the US.
Occupational Illness
any abnormal condition or disorder caused by exposure to environmental factors associated with employment
OSHA does not cover
1. self-employed persons
2. farms with only immediate family members employed
3. some workplaces already protected by other federal agencies or under otehr statutes
4. usually OSHA does not apply fo state and local gov't
Priority response times assigned to compaints
1. Imminent danger situation = inspection within 24hrs
2. Catastrophes, fatalities, and accidents that have already occured. = must be reported within 48hrs and inspected within 3 days.
3. Valid employee complaints of alleged violation standards-inspection within 20 working days.
4. Periodic, special-emphasis Inspection aimed at high-hazard industries, occupations, or substances.
5. Random inspections and re-inspections
How can employer reduce unsafe conditions?
1.Identify and eliminate unsafe conditions.
2. use administrative means, such as job rotation
3. use personal protective equipment
How can an employer reduce unsafe activity?
1. Emphasizing safety
2. through selection and placement
3. through training
4. through motivation (posters, incentive programs, and positive reinforcement accidents and then training workers to avoid these behaviors)
6. use employee participation in designing the safety program
7. conduct safety and health audits and inspections
Identifying the worker behavior that contribute to accidents and then training workers to avoid those behaviors
Behavior-based safety
Drug-Free Work Place Act
- employers are required to ensure a drug-free workplace by taking number of steps
Legal risks associated with implementing a drug control program in the workplace
- invasion of privacy
- wrongful discharges
- defamation 名誉棄損
- illegal searches
Which group is ineligible for protection under the ADA?
OSHA respiratory protection requirements
- OSHA has specific guidelines regarding respirators and their usage
- all employees must take a pulmonary functional test
- all employees must be tested and each employee must have own respirator
- all employees must go through special training to wear any type of respirator
Job Hazard Analysis (JHA)
used to identify hazards and minimize hazards associated with certain jobs and processes in plant
Typical jobs that a JHA would be completed for
welging, painting, assembly, machine operations, etc.
Personal Protective Equipment
-Hearing Protection
-Respiratory Protection
How to choose the orrect PPE
1. Choose PPE based on JHA analysis
2. Choose based on sampling results
3. choose to protect workers
4. choose to ease concerns of workers
Most effective hearing protection PPE
Ear molded ear plugs
The total depletion of physical and mental resources caused by excessive striving to reach work-related goal.
Recovering from burnout
- break the usual patterns to achieve a more well-rounded life.
- get away from it all periodically to think alone
- reassess goals in terms of their intrinsic worth and attainablity
- think about work: could the job be done without so intense
Record Keeping
Employers with 11 or more employees must maintain records of, and report, occupational injuries and occupational illness
What accidents must be reported
- death
- occupational illness
- injury that resulted from work accident or from an exposure in the work environment
When the injury resulted from work related causes and the Case of injury that must be reported involves...
1. medical treatment
2. loss of consciousness
3. restriction of work or motion
4. transfer to another job
Employer responsiblity
1. to meet the duty to provide a workplace free from recognized hazards
2. to be familiar with OSHA standard
3. to examine workplace conditions to make sure they conform to applicable standards
Employer rights
1. to seek advice and off-site consultation from OSHA
2. to request and receive proper identification of the OSHA compliance officer before inspection
3. to be advised by the compliance officer of the reason for an inspection
Employee responsiblities
1. to comply with all applicable OSHA standards
2. to follow all employer safety and health rules and regulations
3. to report hazardous conditions to the supervisor.
(OSHA cannot cite employees for violations of their responsibilities, and employer is liable for all employee's failure to comply with standards)
Employee rights
the right to demand safetyand health on the job without fear of punishment
Ways to gain compliance
1. bargain with the union for the right to discharge or discipline an employee who disobeys an OSHA standard
2. establish a formal employer-employee arbitration process for resolving OSHA related disputes
3. use positive reinforcement and training for gainingemployee compliance
4. create company culture
The Drug-free workplace act requires...
employers with federal governement contacts or grants to ensure a drug-free workplace by taking and certifying that they have taken a number of steps
Types of drug test
1. Pre-employemnt test
2. random test
3. post-accident
4. reasonable suspition
5. return-to-duty testing
the program that is designed to help employees with physical, mental, or personal problems
EAP's goal
goal is to get workers back on the job and productive.
EAP issues
1. must be accessible to all eployees.
2. confidential and private
3. supervisor must be trained to refer employees
4. must be staffed by experts
5. in-house vs. outside provider
Screening of drug abuse to people before bringin the trouble to the firm
PEDS (Pre-employment drug screening)
Employee with AIDs
- ADA protect the employee
- Employer is not allowed to tell any other workers about it
Smokers at work
- no smoking policy is allowed only at work with business reasons (productivity, healthy work environment, etc.)
- employer is not allowed to reject people for smoking
- no enforcement over private time
Workplace violence
meet with both of the employees in the case and ask some questions about the situation, remind them about the policy
In integrative negotiation, problem identification should be...
1. mutually acceptable defenition
2. clean and simple problem statement
3. state problem as a goal
4. identify obstacles
5. depersonalize problem
6. separate definition from solution search
In integrative negotiation, generate alternative solutions by...
1. listing posible solutions
2. avoiding evaluation
3. separating people from the problem
4. brainstorming exhaustively
5. asking outsiders
In integrative negotiatoin, evaluate and select alternatives by...
1. agreeing on criteria in advance
2. narrowing range of solution options
3. evaluating quality and acceptability
4. keeping decisions conditional
5. minimizing foamality until near the end
In integrative negotiation, recommended behaviors include...
1. check perceptions constantly
2. defend needs on basis of principle
3. ask questions
4. rationale before proposal
5. let the other have clear influence
6. end sessions in a conciliatory way 和解
Integrative options include
1. Expand the pie (find more resources for everyone)
2. nonspecific compensation (pay disadvantaged party off)
3. logrolling (give each party those elements which matter the most to them)
4. Cost Cutting (minimize the cost to the disadvantaged party)
5. Bridging (Find a solution that has everything)
The most integrative solution for integrative bargaining is..
1st. bridging (find solution that has every perspectives)
2nd. cost cutting (minimize the cost of disadvantaged party)
3rd. Logrolling
4th. nonspecific compensation ($ solution for disadvantaged party or other compensation form)
5. expanding the pie
How to assure integrative agreement
1. maintain firm flexibility
2. stick to your guns on what matters
3. reveal what matters, but not your bottom line
4. be creative
5. show concern for other's point of view
Ratiobnality and fairness in negotiation are
the most important intangible at stake is...
your reputation