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106 Cards in this Set

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Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970
What years was the OSHA Act passed?
Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970
This act was passed to assure safe and healthful working conditions for American workers.
Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970
This act created the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to administer provisions of the Act.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 created what entity to enforce it?
General Duty Clause
This clause of the OSH Act guarantees “The right to a place of employment free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm is guaranteed by what clause of the Occupational Safety and Health Act “
OSHA
When this act was passed in 1970, it quickly became one of the most controversial laws affecting HRM.
OSHA
It has since dramatically altered management's role in the area of safety and health.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
The purpose of this is to establish training programs to increase the number and competence of occupational safety and health personnel
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
The purpose of this is to develop mandatory job safety and health standards and enforce them effectively
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
The purpose of this is to provide for the development, analysis, evaluation, and approval of state occupational safety and health programs
Establish training programs to increase the number and competence of occupational safety and health personnel,Develop mandatory job safety and health standards and enforce them effectively, Provide for the development, analysis, evaluation, and approval of state occupational safety and health programs
Name one purpose of the OSHA Administration
Consultation Service, Voluntary Protection Programs, Training and Education
Name one of the three OSHA services
National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health
NIOSH
NIOSH
The OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT established this entity as a supporting body to do research and develop standards
Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission
OSHRC
The Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission (OSHRC)
This is an independent Federal agency created to decide contests of citations or
The Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission (OSHRC)
This functions as an administrative court, with established procedures for conducting hearings, receiving evidence and rendering decisions by its Administrative Law Judges (ALJs) regarding health and safety charges.
Worker's Compensation
This legal requirement for safety and health is a legally-mandated insurance fund that provides compensation to employees for work-related injuries.
Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA)
This legal requirement for safety and health Allows eligible employees to take up to 12 weeks of leave for their serious health conditions.
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
This legal requirement for safety and health states that employers attempting to return injured employees to “light duty” work may undercut the essential functions of the job.
FLSA
Which act mandated selected Child Labor Hazardous Occupations at a minimum age of 18 years
10
According to OSHA if your company had ___ or fewer employees at all times during the last calendar year, you do not need to keep the injury and illness records
10
According to OSHA if your company had more than ___ employees at all times during the last calendar year, you do need to keep the injury and illness records
11
According to OSHA if your company had ___ or more employees at all times during the last calendar year, you do need to keep the injury and illness records
11
According to OSHA if your company had fewer than __ employees at all times during the last calendar year, you do not need to keep the injury and illness records
1
OSHA applies to companies with __ or more employees?
YES, YES, NO
Death, loss of consciousness, flu: are these recordable?
NO, YES, YES
Colds, medical treatment beyond first aid, days away from work…. Are these recordable?
Death,Days away from work, Restricted work or transfer to another job, Medical treatment beyond first aid, Loss of consciousness, Diagnosis of a significant injury/illness by a physician or other licensed health care professional
Name 3 work-related injuries and illnesses that are recordable according to OSHA?
Work-related
A case is presumed this if, and only if, an event or exposure in the work environment is a discernable cause of the injury or illness or of a significant aggravation to a pre-existing condition.
The work environment
This is defined as the establishment and other locations where one or more employees are working or present as a condition of employment
Significantly aggravated
A pre-existing injury or illness is this when an event or exposure in the work environment results in any recordable injury which otherwise would not have occurred (e.g. death, loss of consiousness)
300, 301, 300a
Name the three core OSHA forms for recording and reporting injuries?
OSHA Form 300
This OSHA form is known as the Log of Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses
OSHA Form 301
This OSHA form is known as the Injury and Illness Incident Report
OSHA Form 300A
This OSHA form is known as the Summary of Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses (Newly revised for posting February, 2005)
OSHA 300
This is likely the first form you fill out when you have a recordable injury according to OSHA?
7
Under the new regulations, the 300 Log must be updated within how many calendar days (rather than the old six workdays) of the injury or illness
301
In addition to the OSHA form 300, For each recordable injury or illness, an employer must also complete what OSHA form
The OSHA 301
This osha form requires the employer to identify additional information concerning the injury or illness
7
Form 301 must be created within how many calendar days of the incident or exposure.
300a
At the end of each calendar year, the employer must review the 300 Log for accuracy and then create an annual summary using what osha form?
An owner of the company
An officer of the corporation
February 1 to April 30
A company must post the OSHA 300a for a 3-month period from between what two dates of the year following the year covered by the summary
Retain forms for 5 years
OSHA recommends that companies retain OSHA forms for how many years following the year that they cover
$10,000
any person who knowingly makes a false statement or representation on the required Fed-OSHA record may be punished by a fine of not more than what dollar amount
Imminent Danger
What condition is the top inspection priority for OSHA
Follow-up inspections to confirm abatement of a citation from a previous inspection
What situation is the lowest level of inspection priority for OSHA?
Hazard communication program, training, labeling, and warnings
What is the most frequently cited OSHA violation?
Health Promotion
A supportive approach of facilitating and encouraging healthy actions and lifestyles among employees.
Wellness Programs
Programs designed to maintain or improve employee health before problems arise.
Employee Assistance Program (EAP)
Program that provides counseling and other help to employees having emotional, physical, or other personal problems.
Health
This refers to the general state of physical, mental, and emotional well-being
Safety
This refers to protecting the physical well-being of workers
Security
This refers to protecting employees and organizational facilities
Fair Labor Standards Act
This act prohibits employers from placing persons under the age of 18 in hazardous occupations
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT
This act, passed in 1970, applies to most employers in the private sector. The intent of the act was to assure, so far as possible, safe and healthful working conditions for every employee in the nation.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
This is an independent Federal agency created to decide contests of citations or penalties resulting from OSHA inspections of American work places.
None
National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
The OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT also established this entity as a supporting body to do research and develop standards
A general duty's standard
The act requires that the employer has a “general duty” to provide safe and healthy working conditions, even in areas where specific OSHA standards have not been set.
notification standards
Employers are required to inform their employees of OSHA safety and health standards and to display OSHA posters in prominent locations in the workplace.
The Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission (OSHRC)
This was created to review OSHA enforcement actions and address disputes between OSHA and employers cited by OSHA inspectors.
Material safety data sheets
MSDS
Hazard Communication
OSHA has enforcement responsibilities for the federal Hazard Communication standard, which requires manufacturers, importers, distributors, and users of hazardous chemicals to evaluate, classify, and label these substances
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT
This act, passed in 1970, applies to most employers in the private sector. The intent of the act was to assure, so far as possible, safe and healthful working conditions for every employee in the nation.
Lock out/tag out regulations
OSHA has established these regulations that require locks and tags be used to make equipment inoperative for repair or adjustment
Personal Protective Equipment
PPE
Ergonomics
The study and design of the work environment to address physiological and physical demands on individuals
Cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs)
muscle and skeletal injuries that occur when workers repetitively use the same muscles to perform tasks
Imminent Danger
situations that are handled on the highest priority basis since they require immediate correction to prevent death or serious physical harm
Serious
Violations are ones that could probably cause death or serious physical harm, and the employer is aware of the situation
Other than Serious
Violations could affect safety but probably would not cause death or serious harm
Ergonomic studies
These types of studies look at such factors as fatigue, lighting, tools, equipment layout, and placement of controls
De Minimis
Violations are ones that have no immediate relationship to employees' health or safety
Substance abuse
The use of illicit substances or the misuse of controlled substances, alcohol, or other drugs
Firm-choice option
This is used to encourage employees to seek help for their substance abuse where a supervisor confronts the employee privately about unsatisfactory work behaviors. Then, the employee is offered a choice between help and discipline. Treatment options and consequences of further unsatisfactory performance are clearly discussed, including what the employer will do.
Sick building syndrome
A situation in which occupants experience acute health problems and discomfort that appear to be linked to time spent in a building.
Behavior-based safety (BBS) approaches
These approaches to safety efforts try to reduce risky behavior and increase safe behavior by defining unsafe behavior and attempting to change it
Wellness programs
These are designed to maintain or improve employee health before problems arise
Lock out/tag out regulations
OSHA has established these regulations that require locks and tags be used to make equipment inoperative for repair or adjustment
The Institute on the Costs and Health Effects of Obesity
this was formed to address the increasing problem of obese employees
Health promotion
This is a supportive approach to facilitate and encourage employees to enhance healthy actions and lifestyles
Ergonomics
The study and design of the work environment to address physiological and physical demands on individuals
Security audit (Sometimes called a vulnerability analysis)
A comprehensive review of organizational security that uses managers inside the organization and outsiders to assess security issues
Serious
Violations are ones that could probably cause death or serious physical harm, and the employer is aware of the situation
Other than Serious
Violations could affect safety but probably would not cause death or serious harm
Controlled Access
A key part of security involves controlling access to the physical facilities in the organization, often through the use electronic access or keycard systems
Health promotion
This is a supportive approach to facilitate and encourage employees to enhance healthy actions and lifestyles
Safety
The protection of employees from injuries caused by work-related accidents.
Health
An employee's freedom from physical or emotional illness.
Job hazard analysis (JHA)
A multi-step process designed to study and analyze a task or job and then break down that task into steps that provide a means of eliminating associated hazards.
Carpal tunnel syndrome
A condition caused by repetitive flexing and extension of the wrist.
Ergonomics
The study of human interaction with tasks, equipment, tools, and the physical work environment.
Stress
The body's nonspecific reaction to any demand made on it.
Burnout
An incapacitating condition in which individuals lose a sense of the basic purpose and fulfillment of their work.
Role ambiguity
A condition that exists when employees lack clear information about the content of their jobs.
Role conflict
A condition that occurs when an individual is placed in the position of having to pursue opposing goals.
Workload variance
Both job overload and job underload.
Job overload
A condition that exists when employees are given more work than they can reasonably handle.
Job underload
Occurs when employees are given menial, boring tasks to perform.
Hypnosis
An altered state of consciousness that is artificially induced and characterized by increased receptiveness to suggestions.
Biofeedback
A method of learning to control involuntary bodily processes, such as blood pressure or heart rate.
Transcendental meditation (TM)
A stress-reduction technique in which an individual, comfortably seated, mentally repeats a secret word or phrase (mantra) provided by a trained instructor.
Alcoholism
A treatable disease characterized by uncontrolled and compulsive drinking that interferes with normal living patterns.
Employee assistance program (EAP)
A comprehensive approach that many organizations have taken to deal with burnout, alcohol and drug abuse, and other emotional disturbances.
AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome)
A disease that undermines the body’s immune system, leaving the person susceptible to a wide range of fatal diseases.