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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
benevolent
An individual who is comfortable with an equity ratio less than that of his or her comparison other.
entitled
An individual who is comfortable with an equity ratio greater than that of his or her comparison other.
equity sensitive
An individual who prefers an equity ratio equal to that of his or her comparison other.
eustress
Healthy, normal stress.
expectancy
The belief that effort leads to performance.
hygiene factor
A work condition related to dissatisfaction caused by discomfort or pain
inequity
The situation in which a person perceives he or she is receiving less than he or she is giving, or is giving less than he or she is receiving.
instrumentality
The belief that performance is related to rewards.
moral maturity
The measure of a person’s cognitive moral development.
motivation
The process of arousing and sustaining goal-directed behavior.
motivation factor
A work condition related to satisfaction of the need for psychological growth.
need for achievement
A manifest (easily perceived) need that concerns individuals’ issues of excellence, competition, challenging goals, persistence, and overcoming difficulties.
need for affiliation
A manifest (easily perceived) need that concerns an individual’s need to establish and maintain warm, close, intimate relationships with other people.
need for power
A manifest (easily perceived) need that concerns an individual’s need to make an impact on others, influence others, change people or events, and make a difference in life.
need hierarchy
The theory that behavior is determined by a progression of physical, social, and psychological needs by higher order needs.
psychoanalysis
Sigmund Freud’s method for delving into the unconscious mind to better understand a person’s motives and needs.
self-interest
What is in the best interest and benefit to an individual.
Theory X
A set of assumptions of how to manage individuals who are motivated by lower order needs.
Theory Y
A set of assumptions of how to manage individuals who are motivated by higher order needs.
valence
The value or importance one places on a particular reward.