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24 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
character theory
An ethical theory that emphasizes the character, personal virtues, and integrity of the individual.
collectivism
A cultural orientation in which individuals belong to tightly knit social frameworks, and they depend strongly on large extended families or clans.
consequential theory
An ethical theory that emphasizes the consequences or results of behavior.
distributive justice
The fairness of the outcomes that individuals receive in an organization.
diversity
All forms of individual differences, including culture, gender, age, ability, religion, personality, social status, and sexual orientation.
expatriate manager
A manager who works in a country other than his or her home country.
expert system
A computer-based application that uses a representation of human expertise in a specialized field of knowledge to solve problems.
femininity
The cultural orientation in which relationships and concern for others are valued.
glass ceiling
A transparent barrier that keeps women from rising above a certain level in organizations.
guanxi
The Chinese practice of building networks for social exchange.
individualism
A cultural orientation in which people belong to loose social frameworks, and their primary concern is for themselves and their families.
masculinity
The cultural orientation in which assertiveness and materialism are valued.
power distance
The degree to which a culture accepts unequal distribution of power.
procedural justice
The fairness of the process by which outcomes are allocated in an organization.
reinvention
The creative application of new technology.
robotics
The use of robots in organizations.
rule-based theory
An ethical theory that emphasizes the character of the act itself rather than its effects.
social responsibility
The obligation of an organization to behave in ethical ways.
technology
The intellectual and mechanical processes used by an organization to transform inputs into products or services that meet organizational goals.
telecommuting
Transmitting work from a home computer to the office using a modem.
time orientation
Whether a culture’s values are oriented toward the future (long-term orientation) or toward the past and present (short-term orientation).
transnational organization
An organization in which the global viewpoint supersedes national issues.
uncertainty avoidance
The degree to which a culture tolerates ambiguity and uncertainty.
whistle-blower
An employee who informs authorities of the wrongdoings of his or her company or coworkers.