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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is an organization? (4 parts)
Social Entities
Goal-directed
Designed as deliberately structured and coordinated activity systems
Linked to the external environment
Organizations exist to do the following:
Bring together resources to achive desired goals and outcomes
Produce goods and services efficiently
Facilitate innovation
Use modern manufacturing and information technologies
Adapt to and influence a changing environment
Create value for owners, customers, and employees
Accomodate ongoing challenges of diversity, ethics, and the motivation and coordination of employees
Open System vs. Closed System
Closed system
Does not depend on the its environment; autonomous

Open system
Must interact with the environment to survive
Consumes resources and exports resources to the environment
System (def)
Set of interacting elements that acquires inputs from the environment, transforms them, and discharges ouptuts to the external environment
Organizational Configuration (5 parts)
Technical Core
Technincal Support
Administrative Support
Top Management
Middle Management
Structural Dimensions (def)
provide labels to describe the internal characteristics of an organization. Create basis for measuring and comparing other organizations
Structural Dimensions (types)
Formalization
Specialization
Hierarchy of authority
Centralization
Professionalism
Personnel ratios
Contextual dimensions (def)
Characterize the whole organization. describes organizational setting that influences and shapes the structural dimensions
Contextual dimensions (types)
Size
Organizational technology
Environment
Goals and Strategy
Culture
Learning Organization
Promotes communication and collaboration so that everyone is engaged in identifying and solving problems, enabling the organization to continuously experiment, improve and increase its capability