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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
mestizos
mixed Spanish and Native American Heritage
adobe
sun dried clay bricks
federal republic
power is divided between national and state governments, with a president.
Name three of Mexico's exports
coffee
cotton
vegetables
fruit
livestock
tobacco
Where is Mexico?
Mexico connects North and South America
What are three acheivements of ancient Maya?
They were first to grow corn
They built huge temples in the shape of pyramids
They developed hieroglyphics
What are Mexicos economic regions?
north, central and south
industrialized
economy relies on manufacturing rather than farming
What is the Sierra Madre?
Mexico's three mountain ranges make up the Sierra Madre or "mother range"
Land bridge
narrow strip of land that joins two larger land masses
Where do more than half of Mexico's people live?
The central region
Service Industries
businesses that provide service to people
What was the capital of the ancient Aztecs?
Tenochtitlan
What is the large flat center of Mexico called?
The Plateau of Mexico
peninsula
A piece of land with water on three sides
hieroglyphics
a form of writing that uses signs and symbols
What Eurpoean country colonized Mexico?
Spain
migrant workers
people who travel from place to place to find work
When did Mexico win its independance from Spain?
1821
How many states are there in Mexico?
32
latitude
location north or south of the equator
smog
thick haze of fog and chemicals
What does Cinco de Mayo celebrate?
The day the Mexicans defeated the French army in 1862.
What are three of Mexico's natural resources?
copper, zinc, silver and timber
altitude
height above sea level
Subsistence farms
small plots where farmers grow only enough food to feed their families.
murals
wall paintings
Who was Emiliano Zapata?
He was a commander of the rebel army who wanted to give the poor the land that had been taken by the landlords
How many Mexicans live in cities?
70%
hurricanes
fierce tropical storms with high winds
plantation
large farms that raise a single crop for sale.
vaqueros
cowhands
What bodies of water border Mexico?
Gulf of Mexico
Pacific Ocean
colony
an oversees territory
maquiladoras
factories that assemble parts made in other countries
haciendas
large ranches
plazas
public squares
What agricultural product was first grown in Mexico?
Corn