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101 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Words are "left out" without destroying the meaning.
Ellipsis
Student looks up a word to see what meaning it has, how it's used, the way it's spelt and pronounced
Reference dictionary
Designed for students to use the other way round, starting with a meaning they wish to express in order to look for the word that express it.
Production dictionary
Word combination, it's a way in which words co-occur
Collocation
Theory suggesting that as humans we don't have a single intelligency but a range of it
Multiple intelligency
Computer program which provide us variety of words used in sentences from real literature, newpspapers, poetry etc
Concordancing packages
Tests which can predict studen't future progress in learning languages.
Aptitude tests
When we want to achive something we have to choose the best language forms to use, which of these will be appropriate etc.
Appropriancy
Good learning (task orientation, ego involvment, high aspiration, goal orientation)
Tolerance of ambiguity
It led on the theory of behaviourism and it's the result of three-stage procedure:
stimulus, response, reinforcement
Conditioning
Reading and listening
Receptive skills
Writing and speaking
Productive skills
Version of the language which a learner has at any stage of development, and which is continually reshaped.
Interlanguage
Different connections of words which meant not necessarily the same as what is suggest
Connotation
practical realisation of the knowledge
Performance
Knowledge of the grammar use
Competence
Students should develop their own strategies, to compesate for the limits of slasroom time, it's self- directed learning.
learner autonomy
Mistake when studen't can correct themselves once the mistake has been pointed out
Slip
Mistake when studen't cannot correct themselves once the mistake has been pointed out, they need explaination.
Error
When students try to say something but don't have enough knowledge and don't know in which way to say it.
Attempts
Language that is learnt, taught and studied as a grammar and vocabulary is not available for spontaneous use.
Learning
We can easily use a language in spontaneous conversation, it's always available.
Acquisition
An accent which derive from Recieved Pronunciation, used in tv etc, most neutral dialect.
BBC English
It's made of novels, plays, speeches, records, from corpus computer can give information where the word is used and how often.
Corpus
Language adapted for communication between two speakers whose native languages differ from each other and while two speakers are using it as an second language.
Lingua Franca.
Using morphemes to change the meaning or grammar of a word.
Morphology
The order in which words can be arranged.
Syntax.
The same collection of sounds and letters can have many different meanings.
Polysemy
Words like banana, apple, orange are ... or the word fruit.
Hyponym
Common expression ex. kick the bucket
Idiom
Idiomic expressions which are not longer use.
Cliche'
Verb which takes an object
Transitive verb
Verb which doesn't take an object
Intransitive verb
different types of something (kind of sth.)
Genre
Insert linking sounds between vowels
Linking "r"
Stronger force in multisyllable words
Primary stress
Weak force in multisyllable words
Secondary stress
Student on lowel language levels see progression every week while for student on higher lever it can be hard to see it.
The Plateau Effect
Internal drive pushing us to do something in order to achive something
Motivation
Motivation caused by outside factors
Extrinsic motiv.
Motivation caused by ourselves.
Intrinsic motiv.
We want to be a part of foreigner country, pushed by ... motivation
Integrative motiv.
We want to get better job, have better future, we are pushed by ... motivation
Instrumental motiv.
Key word in contect
KWIC
Presentation, Practise, Production
PPP
Communicative Language Teaching, activities involving student in real communication by role-plkay or simulation, they focus on language.
CLT
Student makes use of their own lives and feeling in the classroom.
Humanistic teaching
Words with opposite meaning ex. fast-slow
Antonym
Words which means exactly or nearly the same ex. boring - dull
Synonyms
Objects used in classroom with beginers and chindren to help them.
Realia
To refer to something earlier in the text
Anaphoric reference
To refer forward to something that will occur later
Cataphoric reference
To refer to something outside the text.
Exaphoric reference
When sound at the end of the word changes to be more like a sound at the beggining of the next word.
Assimilation
Sounds dissapear into each other. (ex. him: HIM or IM)
Elision
A lot of hard work and effort to achieve something
Perserverence
Students should feel what they were learning and that it was personally relevant to them. Teachers should speak to the "whole" person.
Affective learning.
Words which are pronounced in the same way but spelt differently.
Homophones
Words spelt in the same way but pronounced differently.
Homographs
Verbal or non-verbal reaction to communication.
Feedback
Long and consuming reading or listening.
Extensive
Short reading or listening
Intensive
Learner looks at the teacher as a point of reference and is concerned with the goals of the learning group.
Enthusiast
Focus on the teacher but is more orientated towars sadisfaction of personal goals.
Oracular
Concentrate on group goals and group solidarity.
Participator
Referes to the learning group from his point of view, is concerned with the satisfaction of his own goals.
Rebel
real/false begginer>elementary>lower intermediate>mid intermediate> upper intermediate>advanced
Language levels
It's ending which is added to the base of the verb ( ex. elect-electED)
Morpheme
Looking for the main idea of the text.
Skimming
Looking for certain information in a text, ex. dates, names etc.
Scanning
describing everything there is in grammar
Descriptive grammar
Describing grammar for trachers and learners, what is and what isn't correct.
Pedagogic Grammar
Student can be encourage to understand new language by discovering by themselves new structures in text.
Discovery
When we don't know a word, we find a foreigner equivalent.
Foreignising
The anticipation of reward (we have a reward from our last success so we behave the same way to get another one)
Behaviourism
Can be formal or informal
Style
Fruit is a ... of orange, apple etc
Superordinate fruit
Subset of a language used for a particular purpose or in a particular social setting
Register
Verb which do what those same words mean. Thus, if a speaker says I promise, the word promise itself performs the function of promising.
Performatives
In order to make sense of any text we need to have 'pre-existent knowledge of the world'.
Schemata
Shows how much the information matters to you or how important it is to out self-identit
Ego-involvment
Roles of teacher
Assessor/Tutor/Organizer/Controller/Participant/promter/resource/observer
When similar words have diffferent meaning in different languages, novel and nowela
False friends
Monolingual dictionaries
MLDs
English for science and technology
EST
Decision have to be taken about when each person have to speak.
Turn-taking
Language doesnt content just grammar and vocabulary but also idioms, collocations etc
Lexical Approach
Adults should have the same rpinciples for second language as for the first enquired language
TPR
Small cards which we can hold up for our students to see
Flashcards
Students get tasks
Task based learning TBS
Reading the most specific words and then connecting them in one text
Bottom-up procesing
Reading for the main idea to absorbe the overall picture.
Top-down processing
Good test features
Validity and reliability
Students ahould work alone in classes or in spare time, choose material, books etc
SAC self-access centre
English for academic purposes
EAP
Students of... may have specific goals for learning
English for specific purposes ESP
We use our hearing, sight, smell etc to discover the world
Neuro-linguistic programming NLP
When a word only descibe a thing rather than a feeling or idea.
Denotation
Some students are better in learning languages than other
Aptitude
It rely on drills.
Audiolingualism
Language uis effected by the situation we are in, for example baby talk is a ...
Channel