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13 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Functional Foods
- Consumed as part of normal diet but has physiological benefits and/or reduces risk of chronic disease
- It is not regulated by the FDA
- Ex. addition of folate (fortification)
Nutraceuticals
- Designer food
- produced from food but designed to have physiological benefit or provide protection from disease
- Hazardous b/c easy to overdoes on Vitamins/minerals (Fe, Zn, Vit A)
- Ex. Dilbert foods
Herbs
- Considered drugs that have an active ingredient which is a plant and/or vegetable drug preparation
- Not regulated by FDA
Why is the use of herbal medicines increasing?
- Health care costs are increasing and herbal medications are considerably cheaper
What are some problems with the use of herbal medications?
- Not under FDA regulation, so unsure what it precisely contains
- May interact with other drugs
Garlic
- Used: lower lipids, prevent vascular changes, help diabetes, antithrombic, anticancer
- Side effects: GI problems, hypoglycemia, prolonged bleeding
Echinacea
- Used: cold/chronic infection therapy, treats onset of cold
- Side effects: poorly healing wounds/chronic ulcerations, fever, nausea, vomiting, allergic reaction, could impact outer membrane of sperm and thus fertility
St. John's Wort
- Used: Antidepressant, antiviral
- Side Effects: GI problems, fatigue, skin reactions, restless, induces p450, sensitivity to light
- Drug Interactions: alters drug metabolism, especially heart/HIV drugs
Ginkgo Biloba
- Used: memory support, prevent dementia, acute mountain sickness
- Side effects: skin reaction, headache, upset stomach
Valerian
- Used: minor tranquilizer
- Side Effects: inhibits p450
- Interactions: Increases drugs levels of many types of drugs (Allegra)
Black Cohosh
- Used: Alleviate Menopausal symptoms, bug repellent
- Side effects: don't use for more than 6 months
Sources for Healthcare Professionals on Herbs
- German Commission E Monographs
- FDA
- National Center for Complete and Alternative Medicine
- Herbal Medicine
Benecol, case study
- Plant stantol ester
- presented as a food that lowers LDL
- put on 'grass list' to bypass FDA regulations