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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Means "the land between the rivers"
Long periods of time without rain
Loose, rich soil that is carried by water

Makes farmland fertile
A wall that is built to keep a river within its banks
A system of canals to bring water to crops
A system of writing developed in Sumer

Symbols were scratched into a wet, clay tablet with a reed pen
A tall flattened pyramid made of mu brick in the center of Sumerian cities.

A temple for religious worship was at the top.
A trained, official writer
A self-governing city that also governs nearby cities.

Each is ruled by a king.
A group of lands and people that were ruled by one government
What two rivers is Mesopotamia located between?
The Euphrates River and the Tigris River
What is the land like in Northern Mesopotamia? Southern Mesopotamia?
Northern - Mountainous with rocky soil that is not good for farming. Did get enough rain to farm.

Southern - Hot, dry land suitable for farming. Little rain. Droughts. Rivers would flood each fall
How did the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers affect life in Mesopotamia?
Provided water and silt for farming.

Led to the development of levees and canals.
What is the land like in modern Mesopotamia (Iraq)? Why?
Desert - in ancient times people cut down the trees for buildings and firewood and over time the fertile soil eroded
What happened because Mesopotamian farmers were able to raise a surplus of crops?
Since they grew more food that they needed for themselves, they were able to trade and sell it. Not everyone had to be a farmer and could become scholars, leaders and soldiers.
Area of 12 small city-states in southern Mesopotamia. All Sumerians worshiped similar gods and had similar customs but had different kings.
List what was invented in Sumer.
First irrigation system
wheeled vehicles
pottery wheel
writing system - cuneiform
ideas in math and science
Why was writing such an important development for Sumerians?
Made it possible to keep records

Allowed leaders to write and communicate laws
Why were city-states often at war with each other? What did they do to try to protect themselves?
They wanted to control the rivers.

Thick, mud-brick walls were build around each city-state for protection.
Who created the first empire in 2300 B.C.?
How did Sargon change life in Mesopotamia?
He created the first empire and was a strong leader.

This was the first time there were the same laws and customs for all people.
Explain what daily life was like for people living in Sumer.
Families were poor - everyone worked
Kids traded goods for their family
Played board games
Enjoyed music, festivals and storytellers
What were the two most powerful city-states in Mesopotamia?
Babylon and Assyria
Who was the king of Babylon aroun 1750 B.C.?
How did Hammurabi gain control of Mesopotamia?
He controlled the Euphrates River by building dams so the people downstream would have to cooperate with what he wanted(so he didn't flood their land or cause a drought).
What is the Code of Hammurabi?
A collection of over 200 laws carved in cuneiform that applied to all people ruled by Hammurabi. Included divorce, doctors fees, pay, slavery, clumsy barbers
Why did the Babylonian Empire weaken after Hammurabi died?
He was a strong leader that enforced his laws and his empire was weakened by wars and poor leaders after his death.
Why was Assyria able to conquer other city-states easily?
Strong Army and Military leaders

New equipment - horse drawn chariots, battering rams, towers on wheels