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34 Cards in this Set

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Ba'th
"The Generalized Arab Nation" in Iraq and Syria
-Success attributed to thinker Aflaq-->Islam WAS Arab Nationalism
-Founded in 47 in Damascus, first came to power in Syria in 63
Hormuz
Strait between Iran and UAE/Oman in the Persian Gulf
-40% of world's oil transported through each day/only sea passage to open ocean for petroleum exporting
Tansu Ciller
-Turkey's 1st Female PM from 93-96
Alawite
-10% of Syria's population
-Claim to be 12ver Shia
-Ruling family of Assad in Syria, overwhelming minority
Al-Azhar
-Premier Islamic learning center in the world
-Oldest university and mosque built in 969..Sunni School
-Named after Muhammad's daughter
Al-Ayun
-Unofficial capital of Western Sahara, occupied by Morocco (the springs/the eyes)
-Polisario Front fighting the Moroccans for independence
Kurd
-Ethnic group of Turkey, Iran, Iraq, and Syria,
-Related to other Iranian people groups, speak Indo-Euro Kurdish
Likud
-Meaning consolidation
-Center/Right in Israel, founded in 73
-Roots in Jabotinsky's writings
Arak
-City in Central Iran
-Main industrial City
Kerbala
-City in Iraq
-Took place battle of Karbala
-Contains tomb of Husayn, major pilgramige spot for Shia
Hassan al-Banna
-Egyptia political reformer known as founder of the Muslim Brotherhood, spoke out against British colonialism
Sansusiyyah
-Muslim political/religious order influenced by the Wahabis and Sufi orders
-Overthrown in Libya by Qaddafi, practiced in Sudan and Libya
Ayatollah
-High rank given to Shia clerks (Sign of G-d)
Hijaz
Present day region in NW of Saudi Arabic, known for its holy Islamic city of Mecca
Shari'a
-Refers to the body of Islamic law, framework within public and private aspects of life are regulated based on Muslim jurisprudence
OIC
Organization of the Islamic Conference
-57 mostly Islamic nations across the world serving 1.4 billion Muslims
-Founded in Rabat in 1969
GCC
-Gulf Cooperation Council
-6 Guld nations with similar economic and social objectives: Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, SA, UAE
OAPEC
-Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries headquartered in Kuwait
-10 members: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Qatar, SA, Syria, UAE
RPP
People's rally for progress political party in Djibouti
YSP
-Yemeni Socialist Party
-Former ruling party of South Yemen, now opposition party in Republic of Yemen
PFL
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, Marxist-Leninist group
NDP
-National Democratic Party of Iraq founded in 46, ceased after 63 Ba'athist coup
UNIFIL
UN International Force in Lebanon
FIT
Islamic Salvation Front is an outlawed Islamist political party in Algeria led by Madani
AMU
Aligarh Muslim University
Major foreign exchange earners
Algeria
Morocco
Sudan
Egypt
-Algeria: Petrol and Natural Gas
-Morocco: PHOSPHATE MINING (Agriculture and tourism too)
-Sudan: Petrol and Grain/Agriculture
-Egypt: tourism and cotton
Highest and Lowest GDP Per Capita
Highest: UAE
Lowest: Yemen
Highest Literacy Rate
Israel
Highest Grade Oil
Libya
Oldest Monarchic Dynasty
Morocco
largest christian community
egypt
Most Shi'ites
Iran
How many (and which) Arab League members are African
1. Djibouti
2. Comoros
3. Sudan
4. Tunisia
5. Morocco
6. Algeria
7. Libya
8. Egypt
9. Mauritania
10. Somalia
Perim
Island off the strait of Mandeb off the coast of Yemen