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11 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Flashbulb memory
vivid, long lasting memories of important, surprising, emotionally arousing events. Thought to be part of a mechinism in the brain that makes sure we do not forget important events. Special because of the confidence one has when they remeber it.
the process by which information is acquired, stored in the brain, retrieved, and eventually potentially forgotten
Sensory memory
stores exact replicas of stimuli impinging on the senses, lasts from 1 to several seconds
short term memory
transfered sensory memory which lasts about 20 seconds unless maintained by mental rehersal
long-term memory
memory that can be stored up to a life time
iconic memory
visual memory in which an image is stored in the brain typicaly stored for .3-1.0 seconds
echoic memory
auditory memory that holds for 3 or 4 secods, but perhaps as long as 10 depending on what else u are doing
# of items stored in short term memory
7 + or - 2
maintenance rehersal
hold information in short term memory without trying to transfer it into long term (ex. saying a phone # over and over)
elaborative rehersal
activly organize information and integrate it with the information already stored in long term memory (matierial for and exam)
placing short term memory into long term memory