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16 Cards in this Set

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What are the 3 phases of memory
1) Encoding (acquisition)phase
2) Retention (storage) phase
3) Retrieval (recognition) phase
What 4 states must exist for encoding (acquistion) to occur?
Person must be Alert, Awake, Attentive, and Ask questions
4 states= 4 A's for Aquisition of memory (encoding)
What lesion can make encoding (phase 1) difficult?
Damage to the frontal lobe
What dysfunctions occur to memory if the frontal lobe is damaged?
may have problems encoding, categorizing, and organizing new information
What can we do to maximize retention (storage) of memory?
Talk about it, rehearsal, teach others, and think about it. All of these promote connection between cortical areas
HOw does retrieval (recognition) of memory work?
The brain has to gather all the sensory fragments from brain regions and apply them to pre-existing knowledge.
What lobe is responsible for holding on to memory information?
The Temporal lobe is the index for the sensory information and holds onto the info until the higher cortical areas take over the memory.
How is a specific memory found by the brain?
each event has an engram, a pathway that's created for the stored event
What helps in storing and ability to retrieve the info
-use visual images and link them to mental location.
-use acronyms
What are the 3 memory divisions?
1) Immediate memory
2) Short-term memory
3) Long-term memory
How long does immediate memory last?
about 1 minute. no storage takes place
How long does short-term memory (working memory)last?
from 1 minute to an hour, less if not encoded and stored
How long does long-term memory last?
1 hr and beyond; this is the function of the hippocampus
What are the two types of amnesia?
1) Anterograde memory loss
2) Retrograde memory loss
What is Anterograde memory loss?
a type of amnesia where STM cannot be encoded into LTM; however, LTM stays intact.
What is Retrograde memory loss?
a type of amnesia where a person entire past memories are lost. But usually returns at some point with recover.