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125 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Punic Wars
Romans vs. Carthagians
The Etruscans
dominated much of Italy
Mencius
Human Nature=good
confucian school spokesman
junzi
"superior individuals"
confucius
first chinese thinker to address political and social order in straitforward way
the sasanids
king of kings
qanat
underground canals
Darius
younger Kinsman of Cyrus
extended Achaemenid Empire
Cyrus
first persian emprire leader
king of persian tribes
Lapita peoples
maintained extensive networks of trade and communication
earlietst austronesian migrants to sail
Austronesian people
earliest inhabitants of new guniea
Mochica
Early Andean State
Chavin Cult
Religion discovered in Central
Teotihuacan
earliest heirs of Olmecs
created remarkable society
Tikal
most important Mayan political center
Olmecs
rubber people
Zhou Dynasty
succeded Shang as main political authority
Xia Dynasty
1st efforts to organize public life in China
moksha
deep, dreamless sleep
physical incarnation
Brahman
universal soul
Upanishad
sitting in front of
Samasara
leave at death and soul returns for incarnation
karma
incarnation soul experienced
soma
halluciantion
divine spirit
sati
widow throws herself on dead husband to join him in death
rig veda
collection of hymns to aryan gods
bantu
persons
swene
trade
king kashta
led kingdom of kush
hyksos
"foreign rulers"
horse riding nomads
Ta-Seti
strong nubian realm
Hittites
construction of light horse-drawn chariots
Hittites
most influential european migrants
epic of gilgamesh
reflective literature of mesopotamia
cuneiform
sumerian writing
king nebuchadnezzar
ruled babylonian empire
lavished wealth and resources
hummarabi's code
most extensive mosopotamian laws
sargon
began as minister
recruited to conquer
Augustus
Name gven to Octavian
Strong religious connotations
The Gracchi Brothers
worked to limit amount of land an individual could own
romulus and remus
twins left to die in river by uncle
saved by she wolf
founded rome
Wang Mang
Han minister
The Xiongnu
nomadic people
Liu Bang
Dragon like features
restored order in China
Head of Han Dynasty
Kingdom of Qin
powerful army
Led by Shang Yang
Han Feizi
student of Xunzi
advisor of Qin court
legalist
Shang Yang
legalist
minister to Duke of Qin
Wuwei
no advanced education
The Dao
The way
Xunzi
government administrator
immense learning
Tang Taizong
Tang dynasty's second emperor
provided effective, stable gov't.
Sui Dynasty
strong centralized gov't
Al-Ghazali
Persian theologian
Humans to deep to explain the mysteries of the world
Sufis
most effective Islamic Missionaries
Harun al-Rashid
ruled Abbasid dynasty
Abasid Dynasty
expanded by conquest
Umayyad Dynasty
brought stablility to Islamic community
had administrative problems
Shia
alternative to muslim faith
Shia
alternative to muslim faith
Caliph
deputy
Sharia
islamic holy law
Quran
Explains islamic faith
muhammad's recitation
umma
community of the faithful
Hijra
migration
Cyril and Methodius
missionaries to the slavs
mt. athos
site of monastaries
Iconoclasm
breaking of icons
enforced byzantinians policies
Justinian's code
systematic roman law
Justinian and Theodora
"sleepless emperor" falls in love w/ prostitute
St. Augustine
wrote on Christianity
Bishop
The Huns
Had an Unstoppable military force
Constantine
roman emperoro
Diocletain
spit Roman Empire in 2 secitons
Manichaen Ethics
faith derived from prophet Mani
Paul of Tarsus
expansion of Christianity beyond Judaism
Jesus
Christianity
Essenes
formed sect to deliver them from subjection
Mithraism
religion of salvation
Cicero
drew beliefs from stoicism
Pater Familias
father of families
Pax Romana
Roman Peace
Vardhamana Mahavira
"the great hero"
everything has a soul
Siddhartha Gautama
founder of Buddhism
hermit
4 Noble Truths
doctrine of Buddha
General idea is to get rid of desire of material things
Noble 8-Fold Path
lead balanced and moderate lives
No luxury
Buddhist
No desire for material good
Self-discipline
Nirvana
state of spiritual independence
dharma
buddhist doctrine
The Bhagavad Gita
"Song of the Lord"
Based on Hinduism
Homer
Wrote "Illiad" and "Odyssey"
tyrants
generals or ambitious politicians
helots
servants of spartan state
Spartan Society
based on simplicity
large military talent
Solon
Mediator b/t classes in Athens
Srivijaya
kingdom with powerful navy
controlled commerce in S.E. Asia
Guru Kabir
blind weaver
taught bhakti (love and devotion movement to erase distictions b/t Hinduism and Islam)
Bhakti
Love and devotion movement to erase disticntions b/t Hinduism and Islam
Sufis
effective agents of Islam Conversian from Indian
Ramanuja
philosophy towards Hindu theology of salvation
Shankara
strived for ultimate reality
followed Hinduism
Vishnu and Shiva
2 most important dieties in Hinduism
The Kingdom of Axum
adopted Christianity
The Kingdom of Vijayanagar
dominated much of Southern India
The Chola Kingdom
navy dominated surrounding waters
eventually declined in size
Mahmud of Ghanzi
led Turks
Wanted wealth in India
Harsha
buddhist king
favorable leader that treated people well
Samurai
prof. Japanese warriors
Silla Dynasty
wanted to prevent domination
Neo-confucian
influence of Buddhism in Chinese society
Zhu Xi
most important represenative of neo-confucianism
Song Taizu
first Song emperor
centralized imperial rule
MEGASTHENES
wrote "Indika"
great respect for people, land, and Indian Society
DARIUS
Made Gandhara kingdom
ALEXANDER OF MACEDON
overran Persian Empire
"Alexander The Great"
Kingdom of Magadha
Controlled commerce
Chandragupta Maurya
layed foundation for Mauryan Empire
Starved himself to death
Mauryan Empire
Brought centralized gov't to India
Kautalya
Advisor for Chandragupta's government
Built beaurcratic system
Arthashastra
Ancient Indian Political Handbook
Ashoka Maurya
Chandragupta's grandson
Stone pillars with laws
Known as the governor
The Kushans
nomadic conquerors
Kanishka
most prominant of Kushan emperors
The Guptan Dynasty
created by Chandra Gupta
brought stability and prosperity
Faxian
Chinese Buddhist Monk
White Huns
captured Gupta Dynasty