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81 Cards in this Set

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Debridement
Removal of diseased tissue from the skin.
Deep vein thrombosis
Abnormal condition of the clot formation in a deep vein, usually in the leg or pelvic (hip) region.
Defibrillation
Brief discharges of electricity applied to the chest to stop an abnormal heart rhythm.
Delusion
A persistent belief held by a person despite applied to the contrary.
Dementia
Loss of memory and mental abilities.
Dermal
Pertaining to the skin.
Dermatitis
Inflammation of the skin.
Dermatologist
Physician specializing in the skin and its diseases.
Dermatology
Study of the skin and its diseases.
Dermatosis
Any abnormal condition of the skin.
Dermis
Fibrous middle layer of the skin below the epidermis. The dermis contains nerves and blood vessels, hair roots, and oil and sweat glands; the CORIUM.
Diabetes mellitus
Disorder marked by the deficient insulin in the blood, which causes sugar to remain in the blood rather that entering cells. Diabetes is names from a greek word meaning “siphon” (though which water passes easily). One symptom is frequent urination (polyuria). Type 1 diabetes is marked by lack of insulin, and patients need injections of insulin. In type 2 diabetes, insulin is not adequately or appropriately secreted. Type 2 diabetes has a tendency to develop later in life, and patients can be managed with diet, exercise, and oral antidiabetic drugs.
Diagnosis
Complete knowledge of patient’s condition (plural: diagnoses).
Dialysis
Complete separation (-LYSIS) of wastes (urea) from the blood when the kidneys fail. See also HEMODIALYSIS and PERTINEAL DIALYSIS.
Dilation
Widening, dilatation.
Dilation and curettage
Widening of the opening to the cervix and scraping (curettage) of the inner lining of the uterus; abbreviated D&C.
Disk
Pad of cartilage that is between each backbone.
Diuretic
Drug that causes kidneys to allow more fluid (as urine) to leave the body. Diuretics remove fluid from the blood and are used to treat HYPERTENSION. DI- (from DIA-) means complete, and UR- means urine.
Diverticula
Small pouches or sacs created by herniation of mucous membrane linings, most commonly in the colon (singular: diverticulum).
Diverticulitis
Inflammation of diverticula. Penetration of fecal material through thin-walled diverticula causes inflammation and infection in the colon.
Diverticulosis
Abnormal condition of small pouches in the lining of the intestines.
Duodenal
Pertaining to the duodenum.
Dysentery
Condition of painful intestines (often caused by bacterial infection).
Dysmenorrhea
Painful menstrual flow.
Dyspepsia
Painful (DYS-) digestion (-PEPSIA).
Dysphasia
Difficult swallowing.
Dysplasia
Abnormality of the development or the formation of cells. Normal cells change in size, shape, and organization.
Dyspnea
Painful (DYS-) (labored, difficult) breathing (-PNEA).
Dysuria
Painful of difficult urination.
Ear
Organ that receives sound waves and transmits them to nerves leading to the brain.
Eardrum
Membrane separating he outer and middle parts of the ear; the tympanic membrane.
Ectopic pregnancy
Development of the zygote (early product of conception) in a place outside the uterus. The fallopian tubes are the most common ectopic site.
Edema
Swelling in tissues. Edema is often caused by retention (holding back) of fluid and salts by the kidneys.
Ejaculation
Release of semen from the male urethra.
Electrocardiogram
Record of the electricity in the heart.
Electroencephalogram
Record of the electricity in the brain.
Electroencephalography
Process of recording the electricity in the brain.
Electrolyte
Substance that conduct an electrical current and is found in blood (serum) and body cells. Examples are sodium (Na+), potassium (K+), calcium (Ca+), and chloride (Cl-).
Embolization
Use of a substance to block or reduce blood flow in a vessel.
Embolus
Foreign object (air, tissue, tumor, or clot) that circulates in the bloodstream until it lodges in a vessel.
Embryo
A new organism in an early stage of development (2 to 6 weeks). From 6 to 38 weeks, the developing infant is a fetus.
Emergency medicine
Care of patients requiring immediate action.
Emphysema
Lung disorder in which air becomes trapped in the air sacs and bronchioles, making breathing difficult. Emphysema is marked by the accumulation of mucus and the loss of elasticity in lung tissue.
Encephalitis
Inflammation of the brain.
Encephalopathy
Disease of the brain.
Endocarditis
Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart (endocardium).
Endocrine glands
Organs that produce (secrete) hormones.
Endocrine system
Endocrine glands. Examples are the pituitary, thyroid, and adrenal glands and the pancreas.
Endocrinologist
Specialist in the study of endocrine glands and their disorders.
Endocrinology
Study of ENDOCRINE GLANDS.
Endodontist
Dentist who specializes in diagnosis and treatment of the inner parts of a tooth (root canal therapy).
Endometriosis
An abnormal condition in which tissue from the inner lining of the uterus is found outside the uterus, usually in the pelvic cavity.
Endometrium
Inner lining of the uterus.
Endoscope
Instrument used to view a hollow organ or body cavity; a tube fitted with a lens system that allows viewing in different directions.
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
X-ray images of bile ducts and pancreas after injection of contrast through a catheter from the mouth, esophagus, and stomach into bile and pancreatic ducts.
Endoscopy
Process of viewing the inside of hollow organs or cavities with an endoscope.
Enteric
Pertaining to the small intestines.
Epidermis
Outer (EPI-) layer of skin (-DERMIS).
Epidural hematoma
Mass of blood above the dura mater (outermost layer of membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord).
Epiglottis
Flap of cartilage that covers the mouth of the trachea when swallowing occurs so that food cannot enter the airway.
Epiglottitis
Inflammation of the EPIGLOTTIS.
Epinephrine
Hormone secreted by the adrenal gland in response to stress and physical injury. It is a drug used to treat hypersensitivity reactions (sever allergy), asthma, bronchial spasm, and nasal congestion. Also called ADRENALINE.
Epithelial
Pertaining to skin cells. This term originally described cells upon (EPI-) the breast nipple (THELI-). Now, it indicates cells lining the inner part of internal organs and covering the outside of the body.
Epithelium
Covering of the internal and external tissues of the body (skin, vessels, body cavities, glands, and organs).
Erythrocyte
Red blood cell.
Erythromycin
An antibiotic that is produced from a red (ERYTHR/O-) mold (-MYCIN).
Esophageal
Pertaining to the esophagus.
Esophagitis
Inflammation of the esophagus.
Esophagoscopy
Visual examination of the esophagus.
Esophagus
Tube leading from the throat to the stomach.
Estrogen
Hormone that promotes the development of female secondary sex characteristics. Examples are estradiol, and conjugates estrogen.
Eustachian tube
Channel connecting the middle part of the ear with the throat.
Exacerbation
Increase in the seriousness of a disease, with greater intensity in the signs or symptoms.
Excision
Act of cutting out, removing, or resecting.
Exocrine glands
Glands that produce (secrete) chemicals that leave the body through tubes (ducts). Examples are tear, sweat, and salivary glands.
Exophthalmic goiter
Enlargement of the thyroid gland accompanied by high levels of thyroid hormone in the blood and protrusion of the eyeballs (EXOPHTHALMOS).
Exophthalmos
Abnormal protrusion of eyeball usually caused by HYPERTHYROIDISM.
Extracranial
Pertaining to the outside skull.
Extrahepatic
Pertaining to outside the liver.
Extrapulmonary
Outside the lungs.
Eye
Organ that receives light waves and transmits them to the brain.