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116 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
absorption
movement of nutrients from one layer to another
anastomosis
connection two tubular structures
atresia
closed ducts or tubes
cathartic
agent that relieves constipation (synonym - laxative)
cheiloplasty
surgical repair of the lips
cheilosis
condition of the lips
cheilostomatoplasty
repair of the lips and mouth
cheilotomy
incision into the lip
cholangio-pancreatography
process of taking X-ray of the biliary and pancreatic ducts using contrast media
cholecystograph (cholecystogram)
X-ray picture of the gallbladder
cirrhois
chronic liver disease causing loss of liver function and resistance to blood flow through the liever. Etiology may include poor nutrition, alcoholism, previous hepatitis
colic
pertaining to the colon (synonym: colonic)
colocentesis
surgical puncture of the colon to remove fluid
coloclysis
irrigation of the colon
colopexy
surgical fixation of the colon
coloptosis
prolapsed colon
colorectal
pertaining to the colon and rectum
colostomy
making a new opening (stoma) in the colon
constipation
hard stool, infrequent bowel movements
diverticulitis
inflammation of diverticula of the intestine
digestion
breakdown of food
defecation
expelling feces
diverticulosis
condition of having diverticula
dysentery
inflammation of the intestine, pain, diarrhea
enterctasia
stretching of the intestine
enteritis
inflammation of the intestine
enterocele
intestinal hernia
enterocentesis
surgical puncture of the intestine to remove fluid
enteroclysis
irrigation of the intestine
enteroplegia
paralysis of the intestine
enterorrhagia
hemorrhage of the intestine
enteroscope
instrument for examining the intestine
esophageal
pertaining to the esophagus
esophagoduodenostomy
anastomosis between the esophagus and duodenum
esophagogastric
pertaining to the esophagus and stomach
feces
stool, solid waste
gastrectasia
dilatation of the stomach
gastric
pertaining to the stomach
gastritis
inflammation of the stomach
gastroclysis
irrigation of the stomach
gastroenteric
pertaining to the stomach and intestine
gastroenterology
the study of diseases of the stomach and intestine
gastroenteroptosis
prolapse of the stomach and intestine
gastorrhagia
hemorrhage of the stomach
gingival
pertaining to the gums
gingivalgia
gum pain
gingivectomy
excision of the gums
gingivoglossitis
inflammation of the gums and tongue
glossal
pertaining to the tongue
glossalgia
tongue pain
glossoplegia
tongue paralysis (adjective, glossoplegic)
glossoptosis
prolapse of the tongue
glossoscopy
examination of the tongue with a scope
hepatectomy
excision of the liver
hepatitis
inflammation of the liver
hepatocele
herniation of the liver
hepatodynia
liver pain (hepatalgia)
hepatolith
liver stone
hepatopathy
any disease of the liver
hepatorrhagia
hemorrhage of the liver
hepatorrhaphy
suture of the liver
hepatoscope
instrument for examining the liver
hepatoscopy
process of using a hepatoscope
hypoglossas
pertaining to below the tongue (synonym: sublingual)
ingestion
swallowing, eating
lingogingival
pertaining to the gums and tongue
mastication
chewing
pancreatectomy
excision of the pancreas
pancreatic
pertaining to the pancreas
pancreatolith
stone in the pancreas
pancreatolysis
destruction of the pancreatic tissue
pancreatopathy
any disease of the pancreas
proctoclysis
irrigation of the rectum and anus
proctologist
physician specialist in diseases of the anus and rectum
proctopexy
fixation of a prolapsed anus and rectum (synonym: rectopexy)
proctoplegia
paralysis of the rectum and anus
proctorrhaphy
suture of the anus and rectum
proctoscope
instrument for examining the anus and rectum
proctoscopy
process of using a proctoscope
rectocele
herniation of the rectum
rectoclysis
irrigation of the rectum
rectocystotomy
incision into the urinary bladder through the rectum
rectoplasty
surgical repair of the rectum
rectorrhaphy
suturing of the rectum
rectoscope
instrument used to examine the rectum
rectoscopy
process of using a rectoscope (adjective: rectoscopic)
rectourethral
pertaining to the rectum and urethra
sigmoidoscope
instrument used for examining the sigmoid and large colon
splenectomy
excision of the spleen
splenomegaly
enlarged spleen
splenopathy
any disease of the spleen
splenopexy
fixation of a prolapsed spleen
splenoptosis
prolapsed spleen
splenorrhagia
hemorrhage of the spleen
splenorrhaphy
suturing of the spleen
stomatalgia
mouth pain
stomatitis
inflammation of the mouth
stomatomycosis
fungal condition of the mouth
stomatopathy
any disease of the mouth
stomatoplasty
surgical repair of the mouth
stomatorrhagia
hemorrhage of the mouth
stomatoscope
instrument used to examine the mouth
stomatoscopy
process of using a stomatoscope
po
by mouth (Latin: per os)
NPO
nothing by mouth
EGD
esophagogastroduodenoscopy
ERCP
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
GERD
gastroesophageal reflux disease
Hep B
Hepatitis B vaccine
HAV
Hepatitis A virus
HBV
Hepatitis B virus
HCV
Hepatitis C virus
HP
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)
HCL
Hydrochloric acid
NG
Nasogastric
BE
barium enema