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16 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Diagnostic Surgery is performed to?
Determine the origin and cause of a disorder or the cell type for cancer.
(breast biopsy)
Curative surgery is performed to?
Resolve a health problem by repairing or removing the cause.
(removing appendix)
Restorative surgery is performed to?
Improve a client's functional ability.
(total knee replacement)
Palliative surgery is performed to?
Relieve symptoms of a disease process, but does not cure.
(colostomy)
Cosmetic surgery is performed to?
Primarily to alter or enhance personal appearance.
(liposuction)
Urgency of Surgery - Elective
Planned for correction of a nonacute problem.
(Cataract removal)
Urgency of Surgery - Urgent
Requires prompt intervention; may be life threatening if treatment is delayed more than 24-48 hr
(Compound fracture)
Urgency of Surgery - Emergent
Requires immediate intervention because of life threatening consequences.
(AAA)
Degree of Risk - Minor
Procedure without significant risk; often done with LOCAL anesthesia
(ingrown toenail)
Degree of Risk - Major
Procedure of greater risk; usually longer and more extensive than a minor procedure.
(mitral valve replacement)
Extent of Surgery - Simple
Only the most overly affected areas involved in the surgery
(Simple Mastectomy)
Extent of Surgery - Radical
Extensive surgery beyond the area obviously involved; is directed at finding the root cause
(Radical Hysterectomy)
Peroperative Period
Begins when the client is scheduled for surgery and ends at the time of transfer to the surgical suite.
Inpatient
Client who is admitted to the hospital
Outpatient or Amulatory
A client who goes to the surgical area the day of the surgery and returns home and the same day.
Autologous Donation
Client donates their own blood for a few weeks just before the scheduled surgery date.