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15 Cards in this Set

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What is a CBC with differential?
The complete blood count (CBC) with differential gives information about the production of all blood cells and identifies the patient's oxygen-carrying capacity through the evaluation of RBC hemoglobin, and hematocrit.
Hemoglobin values
Hemoglobin (varies with altitude):
Male: 13.8 to 17.2 gm/dl
Female: 12.1 to 15.1 gm/dl
Note: gm/dl = grams per deciliter
What is bleeding into the joints called?
Hematocrit - reasons to order test
the diagnosis of anemia and polycythemia,
the monitoring of treatment for anemia,
recovery from dehydration, and monitoring of ongoing bleeding to check its severity.
Hematocrit values
35-50 percent (Mrs C)
Coagulation time
An insensitive test which is obsolete as a screening test of coagulation and as a monitoring test for heparin.
Prothrombin time
Prothrombin time: A clotting test- The prothrombin time is commonly used as a method of monitoring the accuracy of (anticoagulation) with COUMADIN- "pro time,"
Heparin monitoring
What is blood dyscrasia?
blood dyscrasia is a pathological condition of the blood, usually involving disorders of the cellular elements of the blood.
Name 4 blood dyscrasias
Sickle cell anemia
Von WIllebrands disease
What is hemorrhagic anemia?
blood dyscrasia is a emorrhagic Anemia: This anemia occurs during times of rapid blood loss. If you are losing blood quickly, you may feel very dizzy and weak, especially when you stand up quickly
What is aplastic anemia
Aplastic Anemia: The blood cells are made in the bone marrow. In aplastic anemia, the bone marrow is not producing red blood cells. Your symptoms may include being weak, unusually tired, dizziness, and a rapid pulse.
What is polycythemia?
olycythemia vera is an acquired disorder of the bone marrow that causes the overproduction of all three blood cell lines: white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets.
What is hemophilia A
emophilia is a hereditary bleeding disorder of specific blood clotting factors. There are several types, including hemophilia A and B. Hemophilia A is the most common of these disorders and is the result of a deficiency of clotting factor VIII.
What is hemophilia B
emophilia is a hereditary bleeding disorder of specific blood clotting factors. There are several types, including hemophilia A and B. Hemophilia B is a hereditary blood coagulation disorder. It is caused by a deficiency of a blood plasma protein called factor IX that affects the clotting property of blood.