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5 Cards in this Set

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The term now used for Jews who derive from northern Europe and who generally follow the customs originating in medieval German Judaism, in contradistinction to Sephardic Judaism, which has its distinctive roots in Spain and the Mediterranean. Originally the designation _______z referred to a people and country bordering on Armenia and the upper Euphrates; in medieval times, it came to refer to the Jewish area of settlement in northwest Europe (northern France and western Germany). By extension, it now refers to Jews of northern and eastern European background (including Russia) with their distinctive liturgical practices or religious and social customs.
Ashkenazi(m)
(adj. Ashkenazic).
An allegation, recurring during the thirteenth through sixteenth centuries (after the Fourth Lateran Council in 1215 declared the consecrated host Christ’s real body and the wine real blood), that Jews were killing Christian children to use their blood for the ritual of making unleavened bread (matzah).
Blood Libel
A hiding place or storeroom, usually connected with a Jewish synagogue, for worn-out holy books. The most famous is the Cairo _______, which contained books and documents that provide source material for Jewish communities living under Islamic rule from about the 9th through the 12th centuries. It was discovered at the end of the 19th century.
Genizah
(1040-1105) a great medieval sage of Troyes, France. He is the author of fundamental commentaries on the Talmud, and one of the most beloved and influential commentaries on the Bible. Characterized by great lucidity and pedagogy, his comments emphasized the plain, straightforward sense of a text.
Rashi Acronym for Rabbi Solomon (Sholomo) ben Isaac
The designation ______ad in biblical times refers to a colony of exiles from Jerusalem (Obadiah 20); in the medieval period, _______ic Jews are those descended from those who lived in Spain and Portugal (the Iberian peninsula) before the expulsion of 1492. As a cultural designation, the term refers to the complex associated with Jews of this region and its related diaspora in the Balkans and Middle East (especially in Islamic countries). The term is used in contradistinction to Ashkenazi, but it does not refer, thereby, to all Jews of non-Ashkenazi origin.
Sephardi, Sephardim (pl.)
(adj. Sephardic).