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144 Cards in this Set

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Barbarossa recognized that his effective lorship over the great princes of the German states required ? ?
educated bureaucrats and money
What city helped Barbarossa to not be challenged by the princes?
Lombardy
The pope that once was allied with Barbarossa and then they became bitter friends?
Hadrian IV
The leader of the rebillion to reverse rome back into the Roman Empire in the ?
Arnold of Brescia, 1140s
Hadrian and Barbarrossa joined forces to kill who?
Arnold of Brescia
What was the turning point for Barbarrossa and Hadrian?
When harian made Barbarrossa walk his mule through rome and help him onto his horse.
Hadrian's succcessor
Alexander III 1159-1181
Towns that joined forces to go against Barbarrossa
Lombard League
in ? Barbarrosa beseiged and then burned the city of ?
1162, Milan
What battle forced Barbarrossa to give up lombardy in ?
Battle of Legnano, in 1776
What tightened Barbarrossa's power?
his crushing of the vassal, Henry the Lion, the WSlf duke of Saxony. 1180
Alexandar III died in
1181
Barbarrossa died in
1190
Who was henry V son?
Henry VI
Henry the VI became king of
Sicily and Germany
Henry VI became king of Sciliy in
1194
Henry VI died in
1138 due to malaria
The second crusade lasted from
1147-1148
Second crusade was inspired by
the powerful preaching of Bernard of Clairvaux
Second crusade was led by
King LOuis Vii of France
Third crusade lasted from
1189-1199
Muslim leader that captured Jerusalem
Salah al-din Yusuf
Third crusader leaders
Frederick Barbarossa, King PHilip II of France, and King Richard I
Fourth Crusade lasted from
1201-1204
? Became a tourist desitination because it had relics of church figures
reading abbey
receiving the christ body into their own bodies
eucharist
The group that troubled the church the most
Cathars
popular resentment of the influence, wealth, and sacramental power of the clergy.
anti-clericalism
founded the waldensian sect, gave up all his possessions to the poor and took up a life of apostolic poverty. He and his follers sought the church's permission to preach in towns
Peter waldo
Fourth crusade went from
1201-1204
Most notable leader of the Fourth Crusade
Baldwin IX Count of Flanders
the crusaders got a deal on the boats if the ?
recapture for venice the adriatic port of zara
what city was siezed by the fourth crusades other than Zara?
Constantiople 1204
Innocent III king of pick for Germany and then changed it to.
Otto of Brunswick, Fredereick II
Pope after Gregory VII
Urban II 1088-10991
Urban called which crusade
First
Friars were also know as
Mendicants
? was a well-educated spainard, traveled to southern France on Pop Innocent's account to preach against the cathars, formed Order of Friars Preachers or Dominicans.
St. Dominic 1170-1221
Dominicans nick name
Domini canes, " Hounds of God"
Was once rich, but traded it all to live with the poor and rich, Pope innocent III agreed to allow him to preach
St. Francis
St. Francis followers were called
Friars MInor( "Little Brothers"
The land a friar minor would serve
tertiary orders
The strict life of a friar minor followed directly to St. Francis ideas
Spiritual Franciscans
Franciscan scholar that played a role in the revival of scientific investigations
Roger Bacon
minister-general of the franciscan order in the later 13th century, was one of the most illustrious theologians of the age.
St bonaventure
Formed a female order that sought to commplement ths abolute poverty of male franciscans
St Clare of Assissi
Innocent III summoned a crusade against the
Cathars
the crusade against the cathars was called
Albigensian crusade 1209-1229
Pope gregory IX began to augment episcopal inquiries with men he appointed as
inquisitors
? and his student? sought to incorporate aristotle into Christian philosophy.
Albertus Magnus, Thomas Aquinas
Wrote Summa Theologica, created a vast, unified intellectual system, ranging from God to the details of the natural world.
Aquinas
Taught that the world was round, made his own planatarium
Gerbwert of Aurillac (945-1003)
Translated works from arabic to latin, such as Euclid's Elements, matematics by Al-Khwarizmi and Abu Mahar
Adelard of Bath 1090-1150
Adelard's own book
Natural Questions
Chief lecturer to the franciscans at oxford, even though he was not a franciscan, developed the mordern scientfic method
Robert Grosseteste, 1170-1253
Grosseteste's disciple
Roger Bacon
Richard I nicknam
Lion-heart
Brother of Richard I
John 1199-1216
Enemies of John
Philip II Augustus of France and Pope Innocnet III
Which english king signed the Magna Carta
John
John's son
Henry III 1216-1272
English kings had customarily arrived at important policy decisions through discussion in the
curia regis, "king's court"
in ? henry faced a financial crisis of major proportions, and to ge money, he submitted to a set of baronial limitation on his royal power known as the
1258, Provisions of Oxford
King henry was captured by ? in ?
Simon de Montfort, 1264
Henry III son
Edward I
The royal secretarial office, and its chiref officer the chnancellor, was the custodian of the great seal with authenticated royal docuemtns
chancery
header by the royal treasurer, was the king's accounting agency
exchequer
a permanent royal entourage of judges, administators, magnates, and prelates who advised the king on routine matters
council
the coucil's own financial office
wardrobe
Edwards whin in Wales allowed him to grant his oldes son
the tilet "Prince of Wales"
The person that prevented Edward from taking scottland
King Robert I "The GBruce" 1306-1329
Edward died in
1307
Louis VII"s Son
Philip II Augustus
? was a turing point in the power balance of European monarchies in the central middle ages
Bouvines
PHilip Augustus depended on ? instead of Local nobles to run the areas
baillis, or bailiffs
The structure that Phillip Agugustus built in Paris that still stands today
Louvre
Son of Phillip Augustus
Louis VIII 1223-1226
family fiefs carved out of the roayl domain that were put in charge of terrortories that Louis VIII won
apanagas
Louis VIII died in ? leaving his wido, ? to act as a regent for their young son ?
1226,, Blanche of Castile, Louis IX know latar as St. Louis
Louis the IX grandson
Philip IV
Lousi the IX died on
a crusade in TUnisia in 1270
Frederick II nickname
Stupor Muindi, "the wonder of the world
Fredrick called together a council know as ? that put together a law code called ?
1231, consitituions of Melfia
Innocent IV called a crusade to excommunicated Fredrick in
1245
Fredrick the II died in
1250
? pulled the Holy Roman Empire back together or at least was the last to attempted and failed
Rudolph of Habsburg
ThosE who originally supported Wlef imperial ambitions
Guelphs
Those who supported the imperial ambitions of Frederick Barbarosesa, Henry VI, and Fredereick II
Ghibellines
Frederick II's illegitimates son
Manfred 1258-1266
Manfred recieved the ? kingdom
Sicily
The structure that Phillip Agugustus built in Paris that still stands today
Louvre
Son of Phillip Augustus
Louis VIII 1223-1226
family fiefs carved out of the roayl domain that were put in charge of terrortories that Louis VIII won
apanagas
Louis VIII died in ? leaving his wido, ? to act as a regent for their young son ?
1226,, Blanche of Castile, Louis IX know latar as St. Louis
Louis the IX grandson
Philip IV
Lousi the IX died on
a crusade in TUnisia in 1270
Frederick II nickname
Stupor Muindi, "the wonder of the world
Fredrick called together a council know as ? that put together a law code called ?
1231, consitituions of Melfia
Innocent IV called a crusade to excommunicated Fredrick in
1245
Fredrick the II died in
1250
? pulled the Holy Roman Empire back together or at least was the last to attempted and failed
Rudolph of Habsburg
ThosE who originally supported Wlef imperial ambitions
Guelphs
Those who supported the imperial ambitions of Frederick Barbarosesa, Henry VI, and Fredereick II
Ghibellines
Frederick II's illegitimates son
Manfred 1258-1266
Manfred recieved the ? kingdom
Sicily
? killed Manfred in ?
Charles of Anjou, 1266
Manfred's son-in-law that claimed the title the crown of King of Sciliy
Peter III of Aragon
War between Charles of Anjou and Peter iii of Aragon
war of the sicilian vespers
Who began the process of education in Europe?
Alcuin
The school that survived the attacks of the vikings etc?
Chartre
Came to teach from south england and eventually became bishop
John of Salisbury
Using logic and reason to serve contradictions
Scholastism
Who was Abelards mistress and who was her uncle/father?
Heloise, Fulbert
Abelard became a monk at ?
St. Denis
Second place that Abelard was a monk ?
In Brittany
Most infuential man in Western Christian Society?
St. Bernard of Clairvaux
Berndard was a spokes person for ?
Cistercians
Who created the "Knights Templar"?
St. Bernard
What Book became the starting point for studying theology and who wrote it?
4 books of Sentances, Peter Lombard
Used to refer to someone from Arabian pensula, began to refer to muslims?
Sarcenus
Who translated greek scholastic works to Latin?
Gerand of Cremona
Who paid for two translators to translate the Curan?
Peter the Venerable
Sometime before 1183 rome was controled by?
Arnold of Brescia
Wrote Tristan and Isolde?
Gottfried of Strasbourg
Wrote Parsifal, story of Parsifal searching for Holy Grail?
Wolfran von Eschenbach
Wrong long german epic song
Nibelungenlied
Who got supposably sick on the third crusade and had to go home?
Philip 2nd of france
Leader of the Waldentians that found santuary in Switz?
Peter Waldo
When did Waldo try to get acceptance from the church?
1179
Leader of the fourth crusade, killed lots of people, ticked innocent off once more?
Simon de Montfort
What was the name of the assemble called to give innocent advice?
4th Lateran Council (1215)
What were the three issues decided by the 4th Lateran council?
defines chrs. beliefs, states status between churchman and others, strenghten institutional church
When paris school closed, many professor went and opened a new school in ?
Toulouse in 1229
The formal charter for the university of paris?
Parens Scientiarum 1231
Richard built what castle on the french coastline?
Chateau Gallard
What is the battle that phillip II beat otta IV?
Battle Bouvines
Magna Crata signed at ?
Runnymede
The recongized estates under the new Feudalism?
towns nobility church
Who commissioned Micheal Sot to trans late Arabic writings to latin?
Frederick II
What was the council that Fredrick II drew up on 1231?
Counil at Melfi, drew up consitution
What is the beginning of the end of medieval history?
1270's
What caused Philip IV to encrimate Mr. Boniface
Unam Sanctam
Which pope moved the papal palace to Avignon
Clement V
Who did Philip IV perscute for their money?
Templars