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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
MENI
pituitary
parathyroid
pancreas
MENII
parathyroid
medullary carcinoma of the thyroid
pheo
what does secretin do in a gastrinoma?
increase gastrin rather than decrease it
tumors that cause DI?
breast carcinoma
c peptide is found in...
endogenous insulin
obese hypertensive woman, chronic headaches
empty sella syndrome
NSAIDS ________ blood flow to kidney
decrease
findings in rhabdo:
Cr elevated out of proportion to BUN
hyperkalemia
hyperphosphatemia (-->low Ca)
hyperuricemia
rhabdo-induced ARF causes ATN with muddy brown granular casts, and occurs post-
Op
influenza virus
status epilepticus

rx: alkaline diuresis
Type 1 RTA has ______ urine pH and _____ K
high urine pH (>5.3) b/c can't acidify urine
low K
Type 2 RTA has _______ urine pH
and ________
low urine pH (<5.3) b/c they can acidfy urine
Fanconi syndrome (aa, glucose, phosphates).
hypo or normokalemic
Type 4 RTA usually results from
hyporenin hypoaldo in diabetics
respiratory compensation can be limited by hypoxic drive, to maintain PO2 above...
60.

this means you can't compensate by making CO2 go up really high, that means practically not breathing! Have to maintain oxygen, so it won't compensate.
if acid-base disorder looks compensated, look at the pH!
compensation never makes the pH go back to normal (7.4)
diagnosis of nephrotic syndrome?
24 hr urine albumin >3g
screening test for ovarian ca?
none
what potentiates warfarin?
ciprofloxacin
what helps prevent migraine and treats essential tremor?
beta blocker
what do you do for unstable angina?
IV heparin
most sensitive test for pericardial fluid?
echo
clear lungs
pulsus paradoxus
electrical alternans
tamponade
what condition doesn't need endocarditis prophylaxis?
ASD
paradoxial splitting means ________ S2 with inspiration
narrowing
paradoxial splitting of S2 occurs with any condition that ______ LV systole
delays

(LBBB, aortic stenosis, acute MI)
waterhammer pulse
aortic regurg
cardiovert pt if they are ___________
hemodynamically unstable
accelerated idioventricular rhythm (slow V-tach)
occurs post-MI
benign
rebound HTN upon discontinuation occurs with
clonidine
EKG findings of hyperkalemia
tall T waves
flattened P
widened QRS
EKG finding of hypocalcemia and hypopara
prolonged QT