Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/16

Click to flip

16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
This is an OI that presents as a vascular tumor that can affect any part of the body
Kaposis Sarcoma
This OI presents with stroke-like symptoms and seizures
Toxoplasmosis
Which OIs appear when the CD4 count is extremely low? (<50)
Candida
Mycobacterium Avium Intracel
CMV retinitis/colitis
What is the primary and secondary prophylaxis for PCP and Toxoplasma?
1st: Bactrim 1 tablet QD

2nd: Dapsone
What meds besides Bactrim can you use to treat PCP?
Pentamidine
Clindamycin
Primaquin
What are the side effects of Pentamidine?
Nephrotoxic
Pancreotoxic (hypoglycemia)
What lab tests are done to diagnose HIV?
ELISA - to detect antibody to HIV

Western blot- confirms Dx
when do you initiate HIV therapy?
1. Symptomatic(AIDS, thrush, unexplained fever)

2. Asymptomatic: CD4 < 200

3. Asymptomatic- CD4 >200: rapid decline in CD4 count (>100 cells/mm3/year)
PVL of >50,000
Name the NNRTIs
Efavirenz (EFV)
Nevirapine (NVP)
Delavirdine (DLV)
Name the NRTIs
Didanosine
Emtricitabine
Abacavir
Lamivudine
Stavudine
Zidovudine
Tenofovir
Name the PIs
Ritonavir
Indinavir
Saquinavir
Atazanavir
Amprenavir
Nelfinavir
What is the primary prophylaxis for MAI?
Azithromycin

2nd line: Clarithromycin
What are the S/Sx of peritonitis?
Rigid abdomen
Vomiting
Fever
> WBC
Tachy
Hypotension
What is the treatment of peritonitis?
NG tube- to decompress ab
IV fluids
Abx
Narcotics for pain relief

Oral fluids are forbidden
MCC of peritonitis?
Perforated peptic ulcer
Rupture appendix
Perforated diverticulum
PID
Gangrenous bowel or gallbladder
Which patients are at risk for SBP (spontantaneus bacterial peritonitis)
pts with cirrhosis and ascitis