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40 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Acetylsalicylic Acid is also known as what? What is the dose?

Dosage 324mg Oral or (4X81Mg, baby asa)
Known Hypersensitivity
Asprin Precautions
May Cause GI Bleeding, Heartburn, wheezing
Asprin Indications
Cardiac Type Chest Pain
Adenosine is also known as what? What is the Dose?

Dosage: 1st Dose 6mg RAPID IV PUSH. REPEAT: 12mg RAPID IV PUSH followed by a 30cc fluid flush
What Class is Adenocard in? What does it do?
Antidysrhythmic: It Slows conduction through AV node. It Interrupts reentry pathways through AV node.
When should you use Adenocard?
To treat Sympathetic Supraventricular Tachycardia>
What are the Contrindicaions of Adenocard?
Hypersensivity, 2 or 3rd deg heart Block, AV Block, Sick Sinus Syndrome, Atrial Flutter/Fib, V-Tach.
What are the Precautions and side effects of Adenocard?
Precautions: Use in children and elderly, Asthmatics.
Side Effects: Nausea, throat tightness, Dyspnea, Chest pressure/Pain, Hypotension.
What is the Pediatric dose of Adenocard
Albuterol is also known as what? What is the dosage?
proventil, Ventolin.
Dose: 2.5mg in 2.5cc NS, nebulized.
What Class is Albuterol in? What does it do?
Class: Beta 2 Agonist
It: Relaxes smooth muscle of bronchial passages by activation of Beta-receptors located in the bronchial smooth muscle.
When should you use Albuterol?
For the relief of bronchospasm in patients with pulmonary disease.
Assist with bronchhodilation in patients with bronchoconstriction.
What are the Contrindications of Albuterol?
What are the precautions and side effects of Albuterol?
Precautions: Pt with cardiovascular disease, Pt taking MAO inhibitors or tricyclic antidepressants, because of the possible cardio vascular effects.
Side Effects: Palpitations, Tachycardia, Increased BP, Tremors, Bronchospasm.
What is the dosage for Atropine?
Bradycardia: 0.5-1.0 mg IV (Max dose 0.04mg/kg)
Aystole/PEA: 1mg IV q3-5 min (Max dose 0.04mg/kg)
ET double the dose.
What does Atropine do?
Blocks parasympathetic responses, Blocks vagus nerve, Increases conduction through heart.
When should you use Atropine?
Symmpathetic bradycardia, Asystole, Organophosphate poision
What are the Contraindications of Atropine?
What are the Precautions and side effects of Atropin?
precautions: Hypertension,
Side Effects: Tachycardia, Paradoxical bradycardia (doses less than .5mg)
What is the pediatric dosage of Atropine.
.02mg/kg min dose of 0.1 IV
are there any special precations with atropine?
Caution with MI's my extend infarct, May suppress PVC's with bradycardia.
What is another name for Dextrose 50%?
What is D50?
what does D50 do?
Elevates blood glucose levels
When should you use D50?
Hypoglycemia (blood sugar <60, or pts known norm)
When should you not use D50?
If pt is hyperglycemia or has had a Stroke
What precautions should you use with D50?
Watch for leakage at the site. May cause local necrosis.
What are the side effects of D50?
Possible hyperglycemia.
What is the normal dosage of D50?
25-50gm IV
What is the pediatric dose of D50?
D25=2.5mg/kg IV, 1:1 with STERILE WATER
what is another name for Diazepam?
What is Diazepam?
What does Diazepam do?
It is a Anticonvulsant, Skeletal muscle relaxant, Sedative, Decreases cerebral irritability.
when should you use Diazepam?
Sustained or recurrent grand mal seizures, sedation, acute behavioral disorders.
When should you NOT use diazepam?
Hypersensitivity, or Decreased LOC
What are some precautions you should know for Diazepam?
do not mix with other drugs due to the possibility of precipitation. It has a short half life
What are the side effects of Diazepam?
Respiratory depression, Drowsiness, Hypotension.
What is the dosage of Diazepam?
IV:2-20mg SLOW IV push titrate to effect.
IM: 5-10mg.
what is the pediatric dose of Diazepam?
0.25mg/kg SLOW IV push. May repeat once after 15 min.
Rectal: 0.5mg/kg(max dose 20mg)