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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Meds commonly prescribed for elderly tend to have what side effects?
dizziness, low blood pressure and mental confusion
What can be the hazard or result of the common side effects for elder meds?
falls
What % of elders in long-term facilities are affected by psychosis?
38%
What leads to inappropriate med use?
-short term use meds are frequently not discontinued
-drug dosage is excessive
What can be done to decrease inappropriate med use?
educate the elders
Define polypharmacy
Many meds used by one person
What can happen due to polypharmacy?
increase cost
increase incidences of adverse side effects
Why does polypharmacy happen?
use of different drs
elder does not give accurate info re meds or misunderstands directions
How many deaths occur because of adverse drug reaction (ADR)?
51%
What % is hospitalized due to ADR?
39%
How does kidney and liver dicline contribute to accumulation of ADR?
kidney and liver help excrete meds, lower function decreases ability, thus drug accumulation in body occurs
What manifest's in body due to accumulation of ADR's?
constipation
incontinence
confusion
memory loss
resltessness
falls
depression
What is drug induced delirium?
acute and reversible confusion state cuased by over medicating or DC of meds
What is drug-drug interactions?
# of prescriptions and OTC meds
What are the performance areas of medication routine that must exist to self-med?
be able to get the med
open/close containers
follow directions/schedules
take as prescribed
reporting problems and adverse effects
what skills are required to self medicate
manual dexterity
vision
hearing
memory
problem solving
motivation
ambulate, mobility
communication
what are some ass't aids for self med
calendars
pill boxes
what are typical side effects of hypertension meds?
dizziness, low blood press, risks for falls
what are typical side effects of arthritis meds?
upset stomach
ulcers
mental confusion
fluid retention
constipation
what are typical side effects of depression meds?
dizziness, low blood press, mental confusion
what are typical side effects of CHF meds?
Mental confusion
weakness (usually of LE)
slow heart rate
arrhythmias
what are typical side effects of diabetes meds?
low blood sugar, dizziness