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174 Cards in this Set

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Diaphoresis
Perspiration
Anorexia
Diminished appetite or aversion of food
Apex
The extremity of a conical or pyramidal structure.
Occult
Hidden, concealed
Felid
Foul smelling
Viable
Capable of living. Denoting a fetus sufficiently developed to live outside the uterus.
Atelectasis
Airlessness of the lungs due to failure of expansion or reabsorption of air from alveoli
Transient
A short-lived cardiac sound having little duration as compared to a mumer
Postprandial
Following a meal
Icterus
Jaundice
Aneurysm
Circumscribed dilation of an artery or blood containing tumor, connecting directly with the lumen of an artery.
Pile
An individual hemorrhoidal tumor
Stenosis
A narrowing of any canal; a stricture; especially the narrowing of one of the cardiac valves
Ictal
Relating to or caused by a stroke or seizure
Anomaly
Deviation from the normal, contrary to a general rule
Malinger
One who feigns illnes
Adhesion
The process of adhering or uniting of two surfaces or parts, especially the union of the opposing surfaces of a wound
Viscosity
Stickiness, adhesiveness. In general, the resistance to flow or alteration of shape by any substance as a result of molecular cohesion.
Regurgitation
A backward flow, as of blood through an incompetent valve of the heart.
Benign
The mild character of an illness or the nonmalignant character of a neoplasm.
Alimentation
Providing nourishment
Shunt
To change direction; divert
Cerumen
Earwax
Distress
Mental or physical suffering or anguish.
Adipose
Fatty; relating to fat
Pica
A depraved or perverted appetite. A hunger for substances not fit for food.
Bilious
Relating to bile
Alopecia
Baldness; loss of hair
Extravaste
To exude or pass out of a vessel into the tissues. Blood, lymph, urine.
Flaccid
Relaxed, flabby, without tone
Nuchal
The nape of the neck, back of the neck
Paroxysm
A sharp spasm or convulsion
Stridor
A high-pitched, noisy respiration like the blowing of the wind. A symptom of respiratory obstruction; especially the trachea, larynx
Urticaria
Hives. An eruption of itching wheals. Usually of systemic origin. May be due to hypersensitivity.
Metastasis
The shifting of a disease, or its local manifestations, from one part of the body to another.
Apoplexy
A classical term for cerebral hemorrhage, thrombus, embolism or vasospasm. Also called stroke, CVA
Syndrome
The aggregation of signs and symptoms associated with any morbid process, and constituting together the picture of the disease
Perforate
Pierced with one or more holes
Perfusion
Artificial passage of fluid through blood vessels
Sepsis
The presence of various pus forming or other pathogenic organisms, or their toxins in the blood or tissues
Obesity
Fattiness, corpulence; an abnormal increase of fat in the subcutaneous connective tissue
Pan
All; entire.
Nystagmus
Rhythmical oscillation of the eyeballs, horizontal, vertical or rotary.
Prosthesis
A fabricated substitute for a missing part of the body
Catarrh
Simple inflammation of a mucus membrane, properly, chronic rhinitis
Insufficiency
Lack of completeness of function or of power
Contraindication
Any special symptom or circumstance that renders the use of a remedy or the carrying out of a procedure inadvisable
Superficial
On, near, or relating to the surface
Radiation (in reference to pain)
The act or condition of diverging in all directions from a center
Chief Complaint
A malady, disease or symptom; or the description of it
Tinnitus
Noises in the ears
Shock
A sudden physical or mental disturbance
Parenteral
By some other means than through the elementary canal. Referring to the introduction or nutritive matter into veins and subcutaneous tissue
Exophthalmos
Protrusion of the eyeballs
Crepitation
1. Crackling; the quality or sound of a rale, which resembles noise, heard on rubbing hair between fingers.
2. The sensation felt on placing the hand over the seat of a fracture when the broken ends of the bones are moved, or over tissue in which gas gangrene is present
3. Noise or vibration produced by rubbing bone or irregular cartilage surfaces together as by movement of patella.
Micturition
Urination. The desire to urinate or frequent urination.
Turgor
Fullness
Calculus
A concentration formed in any part of the body, usually composed of salts of organic and inorganic acids or other material
Lymphadenopathy
Any disease process affecting a lymph node or nodes
Differential Diagnosis
The determination of which of two or more diseases with similar symptoms, is the one from which the patient is suffering
Nevus
Birthmark. A circumscribed malformation of skin especially if colored by hyper pigmentation or increased vacularity
Diuresis
Excretion of urine. Commonly denotes production of unusually large amount of urine
Somatic
Relating to the soma or trunk. Relationg to the body. Physical
Adventitous
Coming from without, entrinsic. Accidental
Rales
A small rhonchus. An adventitious sound of varied character, heard on auscultation of the chest in may causes of diseases of lungs or bronchi
Normatensive
Indicating a normal arterial blood pressure
Scotoma
An isolated area of varying size and shape, within the visual field, in which vision is absent or depressed
Incontinence
Inability to prevent the discharge of any of the excretions; especially urine or feces
Fasciculation
Involuntary contractions or twitching or groups of muscle fibers, a courser form of muscular contraction than fibrillations
Broad Spectrum
A term indicating a broad range of activity of an antibiotic against a wide variety microorganisms
Uremia
Azotemis; An excess of urea or nitrogenous wastes in the blood
Clubbing
Broadening and thickening of ends of fingers; seen in chronic pulmonary disease
Nocturnal Dyspnea
Shortness or breath; subjective difficulty breathing, appearing suddenly at night,waking the patient preventing an hour or two or sleep
Serology
The branch of science dealing with serum; especially with specific immune or lytic serums
Angina pectoris
Severe constricting pain in the chest, often radiating from the precordium to the left shoulder and down the arm due to ischemia of the heart muscles, usually caused by coronary disease
Formication
An abnormal sensation resembling that made by insects creeping in or on the skin
Edema
An accumulation of an excessive amount of fluid in cells, tissues, or serous cavities
Anasarca
A generalized infiltration of edema fluid int subcutaneous connective tissue.
Ascites
An accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity
Idiopathic
Denoting a disease of unknown cause
Etiology
Causation; the doctrine of causes; specifically the cause of disease
Iatrogenic
Resulting from, or in the course of, activities of a doctor or surgeon.
Pathognomonic
Characteristic or indicative of a disease; denoting one or two specific symptoms
Pathogenesis
The mode of origin or development of any disease or morbid process.
Cachexia
A general lack of nutrition and wasting occurring in the course of a chronic disease or emotional distrubance
Asthenia
Weakness, debility
Emaciation
Extreme loss of flesh; growing lean.
Murmur
soft sound, like that made by a somewhat forcible expiration such as the mouth opening; heard on auscultation of the heart, lungs or blood vessels
Bruit
An ausculatory sound, especially an abnormal one
Thrill
The vibration accompanying a cardiac murmur which can be felt on palpation.
Suppuration
The formation of pus
Purulent
Suppurative; suppurating. Containing or forming pus
Prodromal
An early or premonitory symptom of a disease
Sequela
A morbid condition following as a consequence of a disease
Symptom
Any morbid phenomenon or departure from the normal in function, appearance or sensation, experienced by the patient and indicative of a disease. Subjective sign of a disease.
Sign
Any abnormality indicative of a disease discoverable by the physician at his examination. Objective symptom of a disease
Vertigo
A sensation of irregular or whirling motion either of oneself or of external objects.
Syncope
Fainting; a swoon. A sudden fall in blood pressure or of the cardiac systole resulting in cerebral anemia and more or less complete loss of consciousness.
Pyrexia
Fever
Febrile
Feverish. Pyretic. Relating to fever
Acute
A short and sharp course. Not chronic. Said of a disease.
Chronic
Of long duration. Denoting disease of slow progress and long continuance.
Insidious
Denoting a disease that progresses with few or no symptoms to indicate its gravity.
Prostate
Gland
Prostrate
Marked loss of strength, as in exhaustion.
Ecchymosis
A purplish patch caused by extravasation of blood into the skin
Petechiae
Minute hemorrhagic spots, of pinpoint to pinhead size in the skin
Remission
Abatement or lessening in severity of the symptoms of a disease.
Relapse
The return of a disease after it had once spent its course
Exudate
Passage of fluid, often coagulable, or blood cells, into tissues or cavities, especially as a result of increased vascular permeability.
Transudate
Term given to solvents and solutes that pass through membranes, such as the capillary wall, as a result of difference in hydrostatic pressure; the solvent filters through, and caries with it any solutes to which the membrane is permeable
Palliative
Mitigating-reducing the severity of denoting a method of treatment of a disease or its symptoms
Prophylaxis
The prevention of disease. To guard before, take precaution
Endogeneous
Originating or produced within the organism or one of its parts
Exogeneous
Originating or produced outside
Palpate
To examine by feeling and pressing with the palms of the hands and fingers
Palpitate
Forcible pulsation of the heart perceptible to the patient, usually with and increase in frequency, with or without irregularity in rhythm.
Inspection
To examine by looking
Auscultation
Listening to the sounds made by the thoracic or abdominal viscera, by the contracting muscles, by the blood in the vessels, by the fetus in utero, or to the sounds in any other internal parts of the body
Percussion
A diagnostic procedure designed to determine the density of a part by means of tapping the surface with a finger or presser.
Melena
The passage of dark colored or tarry stools, due to the presence of blood altered by intestinal juices
Hematochezia
The passage of bloody stools, in contradistinction to melena or tarry stools
Hematemesis
Vomiting of blood
Hemoptysis
Pulmonary hemorrhage; the spitting of blood derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes
Epistaxis
Nosebleed. Nasal hemorrhage
Hematuria
Any condition in which the urine contains blood or red blood cells
Paresthesis
An abnormal, spontaneous sensation, such as burning, prickling, tingling or tickling
Anesthesia
A state characterized by loss of sensation, the result of pharmacological depression of nerve function or a neurological disease
Paralysis
Loss of power of a voluntary muscle through injury or disease of it nerve supply. Loss of any function
Resonance
The sound obtained on percussing a part that can vibrate freely.
Dullness
The character of the sound obtained by percussing over a solid part, which is incapable of vibrating
Tympany
Low pitched, resonant drum lik sound; note obtained by percussing the surface of a large air containing space
Rigidity
Rigor
Rebound Tenderness
Felt when pressure, particularly abdominal pressure, is suddenly released.
Flatulence
The presence of an excessive amount of gas in the stomach and/or small intestines
Flatus
Expired air. Gas in the stomach or small intestine. Eructation.
Eructation
Belching. The raising of gas or a small amount of acid fluid from the stomach
Systemic
Relating to a system in any sense. Arranged according to a system
Localized
Restricted or limited to a definite part
Functional Disease
Nonorganic; ailment is one that is not caused by a structural defect.
Organic Disease
Relating to an organ
Inanition
Exhaustion from lack of food or defect in assimilation
Lethargy
A state of deep or prolonged unconsciousness resembling profound slumbers from which the person can be aroused, but into which he immediately relapses.
Stupor
Lethargy; unconsciousness
Obtund
To dull or blunt. Especially to blunt sensation or deaden pain.
Somnolent
Sleepy, drowsy, having an inclination to sleep. In a condition of incomplete sleep. Semicomatose
Claudication
Charcots' syndrome: a condition caused by ischemia of the leg muscles due to sclerosis with narrowing of the arteries. Attacks are characterized by lameness and pain usually brought on by walking.
Ischemia
Hypoemia. Local anemia due to mechanical obstruction to the blood supply.
Stricture
A circumscribed narrowing or stenosis of a tubular structure.
Stenosis
A narrowing of any canal; a stricture; especially the narrowing of one of the cardiac valves
Atresia
Absence of a normal opening or normally patent lumen
Occlusion
The act of closing or the state of being closed
Contralateral
Relating to the opposite side, as when pain is felt or paralysis occurs on the side opposite to that of the lesion
Ipsilateral
On the same side; denoting especially motor or sensory disorders occurring on the same side as the causative brain lesion.
Parity
The state of having given birth to an infant or infants, alive or dead.
Gravida
A pregnant woman
Dilation
Enlargement of a cavity, canal, blood vessel, or opening occurring physiologically or made artificially.
Constriction
Binding or contracting of a part, stricture, stenosis.
Gavage
Feeding by the belly tube
Lavage
The washing out of a hollow organ i.e. stomach or lower bowel, by copious injections and rejections of water
Dehiscence
A bursting open, splitting or gasping by the divergence of parts
Evisceration
To disembowel. Protrusion of the abdominal viscera through a defect created by wound dehiscence
Fistula
A pathologic sinus or abnormal passage leading from an abscess cavity or a hollow organ, to the surface or from one organ to another
Fissure
A deep furrow, cleft or split
Distal
Situated away from the center of the body, or from the point of origin. Specifically applied to the extremities or distant part of a limb or organ
Proximal
Nearest the flank or point of origin; said of part of a limb, artery, and nerve etc., so situated
Expectorate
To spit, to eject saliva, mucus or other fluid from the mouth
Tussive
Relating to a cough
Compliance
The ease (measure of) with which a structure or substance may be deformed. Usually a measure of the ease with which a hollow viscus may be distended
Efficacy
The power to produce an effect
Contraction
A shortening or increase in tension denoting the normal function of muscular tissue. A shrinkage or reduction in size
Contracture
A permanent muscular contraction due to tonic spasm or to loss of muscular equilibrium, the antagonists being paralyzed
Diabetes mellitus
A metabolic disease in which carbohydrate utilization is reduced and that of lipid and protein enhanced. It is caused by a deficiency of insulin and is characterized in more severe form by glycosuria, water and electrolyte loss, ketoacidosis and coma. Chronic complications include neuropathy, retinopathy, nephropathy, and generalized degenerative changes in large and small blood vessels.
Diabetes insipidus
The chronic excretion of very large amount of pale urine of low specific gravity, accompanied by extreme thirst. It ordinarily results from inadequate output of pituitary ADH, though it may be mimicked as a result of excessive fluid intake in emotionally disturbed individuals