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74 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is anatomy?
The study, description, and classification of the structure of the body and the relation of its parts.
Combining form meaning "up," "apart," or "backward."
Combining form meaning "process of cutting."
What is physiology?
the study of the function and activities within the living body
What is pathology?
study of the causes of diseases and the physical changes that are caused by disease
What is a diagnosis?
the identification of illness
What are symptoms?
-the patients subjective report of the experience of their illness
What is a general practitioner?
A physician whose practice is not limited to any particular age group or specialty but rather covers people of all ages and many types of disorders. Also called family doctor.
What is physiology?
The study of the functions and activities of the living body.
What are signs of a disease?
-The objective, observable indications of disease (not always the same as symptoms)
Combining form meaning "specialist."
*may also be -iatrist or -iatrician
Means 'one who'
What is a psychiatrist?
A physician who specializes in the branch of medicine concerned with the study, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders
What does psych/o mean?
-blood and blood-forming tissues
What is Laryngology?
-The branch of medicine concerned with the larynx, pharynx, throat, nasopharynx, and tracheobronchial tree.
What is urology?
-The field of medicine concerned with the male and female urinary tracts, as well as the male genital organs.
What is an obstetrician?
-A physician who practices a branch of medicine dealing with pregnancy, labor, and the puerperium
-pertaining to
What is perinatology?
-The branch of medicine concerned with the care and development of the fetus and the infant during the perinatal period.
What is neonatology?
-focuses on the care of the infant from birth to 28 days of age
What is an orthopedist?
-A physician who performs surgical operations to treat conditions of the musculoskeletal system. Also called orthopedic surgeon.
-Orthopedic surgeon
What is Rheumatology?
-The branch of medicine concerned with the pathology, etiology, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of degenerative, inflammatory disorders of the connective tissue and related structures.
What is a neurosurgeon?
-A specialist in the study of the nervous system who uses operative procedures.
What are some other types of otologists (throat/nose)?
What is endocrinotherapy?
-The treatment of pathologic conditions of the endocrine system which may use hormone administeration
What is a specialist in internal medicine known as?
-old age or aged
-swelling, mass, or tumor
What is a physician who specializes in the use of ionizing radiation for therapeutic purposes?
-radiation oncologist
What is plastic surgery also known as?
-reconstructive surgery
-plastic surgeons
-aesthetic surgeons
What is epidemiology?
-The study of the factors determining and influencing the distribution and frequency of disease, injury, and other health-related events in a particular human population; aimed at promoting prevention and control of the development and spread of disease.
What is a Physician Assistant?
-A health professional trained to provide help to a physician in certain limited aspects of the practice of medicine.
-tooth or teeth
-tooth or teeth
What is pedodontics?
-The field of dentistry devoted to the diagnosis and treatment of dental problems in children.
-alternatively, gerodontics for old people
What is endodontics?
-The branch of dentistry devoted to the etiology, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of injuries and diseases affecting the dental pulp, tooth root, and periapical tissue.
What are dental hygienists?
-provide services that include preventive care, cleaning teeth, radiography, and dental education to patients and to the community.
What is a dental assistant?
-performs takss such as chair side aid, clerical work, some radiography, and dental laboratory work
What is a dental laboratory technician?
-make dental appliances according to a dentist's prescription
What are registered nurses?
-professionals qualified by training and examination to provide and to supervise nursing services
What are nurse practitioners?
-registered nurses with advances education who function with greater responsibility and more independence
What are licensed practical nurses?
-provide basic patient care
-licensed vocational nurses
What is a physical therapist?
-A health professional licensed to examine, test, and treat physical impairments by the use of therapeutic exercises, application of heat or cold, and other physical modalities with the goal of improving patients' mobility and functional skills and maximizing their independence.
What is an occupational therapist?
-helps rehabilitate using evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of persons whoe ability to perform daily living has been compromised by injury, illness, or aging
What are medical transcriptionists?
-prepare written records of patient data from physicians' reports
What are medical records librarians?
-maintain health information systems
Who follows orders and helps radiologists?
-radiologic technologists
What are EMT's?
-Emergency Medical Technicians
-drugs or medicine
What are drugs that contain radioactive atoms called?
What are the types of names of drugs?
-chemical (acetylsalicylic acid)
-generic (aspirin)
-trade/brand/proprietary (Bayer)
-sensitivity to pain
What are side affects?
-negative but expected effects to drugs
What are adverse reactions?
-unexpected and sometimes life-threatening effects to a medicine
What is the difference between drug abuse and drug addiction?
-abuse is overuse whereas addiction is an actual NEED or craving for substance
What is a pharmaocologist?
-A specialist in the study of the preparation, properties, uses, and actions of drugs
What is a pharmacist?
-A health professional who compouds and dispenses medication at the direction of a physician
-to view
What is the analysis of diseased tissue known as?
What is a surgical pathologist?
-The specialist concerned with the study of tissues and organs to determine the cause of disease
What is pharmacy?
-The study of preparing and dispensing drugs
What is pharmacology?
-The science of drugs, including their composition, uses, and effects