Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/91

Click to flip

91 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Neurologist
MD specializing in study of diseases of Central Nervous System
lip/oma

lipoma
fatty tumor not metastatic or cancerous
cerebr/o combining form
pertaining to part of the brain cerebrum, largest part,voluntary muscle activity, memory, learning & reasoning, emotions judgement,sensations
hyperemesis gravidarum
severe nausea & excessive vomiting (gravida=pregnancy)
cerebr/al adj
cerebrum
vitiligo
a skin disorder characterized by the localized loss of melanocytes, w/ patchy loss of skin pigment
-cele
suffix projection or herniation
melanin
pigment produced by melanocytes that gives color to hair and skin
-malacia
suffix for softening
atheroma
a tumor-like thickening &degeneration of the blood vessel walls caused by fatty deposits
crani/o combining form
referring to cranium or skull
adenectomy
excision or removal of gland
cranioplasty
surgical repair of the skull or cranium
in situ
origin, at the site,situation
craniotomy
excision fo part of the cranium to relieve pressure
macule
a flat spot on the skin whose color may be lighter or darker than the surrounding skin, freckles,vitiligo.
-dynia
suffix for pain
onocology
study of tumors
encephalocele
a projection of brain tissue from its natural cavity
lymph/o
combining form lymphatic tissue
-plasty
surgical repair suffix
urticaria
multiple swollen raised areas on skin that are intensely itchy & last up to 24hrs Chest,back, extremities, face or scalp
furuncle
boil
serous (cell) adj

serus (noun)
produces thin, watery albuminous fluid (protein)
adenopathy
means glandular disease in general
pustule
small elevated skin lesion filled w/ wbc & sometimes bacterial
papule
a small bump or pimple-larger than a grain of salt, smaller than a peppercorn that rises above the surface of skin
cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
fluid that bathes the cerebrum&spinal cord.protective substance formed in ventricals of brain,reabsorbed,replenished 3-4x a day
cellulitis
a spreading bacterial infection of the skin (red line running up arm)
metastasis
(noun)singular carcinoma may spread to antoher part of body. the process,piece that grows in a new location
ecchymosis
a bruise
mucous membranes
(mucosa) found Lining open body cavities. Protective,secretes mucus lines nose, digestive tract
abrasion
a scrape due to injury
carcinoma
malignant tumor
lymph-aden/o/-pathy
any disease of the lymph glands
mucus noun
the secretion
hypertension
abnormally high blood pressure
tumor
(Suffix oma) not always bad, abnormal growth in # or type of cells present in a particular tissue-not always cancerous
lymphoma
a tumor composed of lymph tissue-tumor in lymph system
meningocele
herniation of the meninges-brain or spinal cord displaced
hyper-
prefix above or more than normal, overactive, overdeveloped
carcin/o (combining form)
cancer
hypotension
lowered blood pressure
lip/oid
oid resembles fat, looks like, dissolves, but is not fat suffix
-oma
suffix for tumor
vesicle
small blister-like elevation on skin containing serous fluid
hypotrophy
progressive degeneration-underdevelopment
ather/o/scler/o/sis

atherosclerosis
hardening of vessel walls, due to fatty deposits, both in arteries innermost area of vessel walls-plaque=fats, calcium,debris
aden
word root referring to gland
ulcer
a lesion of skin or mucous membranes marked by inflammation,necrosis, &sloughing of damaged tissues
hyperemesis
excessive vomiting (pregnancy) emesis=vomiting
meningitis
inflammation of the meninges
bulla
a large blister filled w/ fluid
wheal
round,temp elevation of skin, white in color w/pale-red periphery accompanied by itching. Insect bite
cyst
closed sac or pouch,w/ a definite wall that contains fluid, semi fluid or solid material
mening/o (meninges)
3 layered membrane covers the brain and spinal cord
abscess
a localized collection of pus
petechia
small, purplish spots on skin that appear in patients w/ platelet deficiencies. Pinprick like red spots from flea bites
lesion
an abnormal tissue condition which is characterized by a variety of skin and tissue distortions
cerebral palsy (CP)
nonprogressive paralysis resulting from development of brain or trauma at time of birth
hypertrophy
overdevelopment (BPH) benign prostatic hypertrophy, overdev.prostate (gland)
meta-
prefix growing beyond origin of site
aden/o
combining form for gland
-plasy
surgical repair (specialized)
hypo-
prefix below or less than normal;underactive
metastatic
(adj)metastatic carcinoma describes process
adenoma
tumor of a gland (not specific)
encephal/o combining form
pertaining to brain
lymph
word root for lymphatic tissue
encephalomeningitis
inflammation of the brain & meninges (3 layered membrane surrounding the brain & spinal cord) protective covering
adenitis
inflammation of a gland-not specific (any gland)
onocology unit
where a patient is hospitalized w/ a disease caused by a tumor
encephalomalacia
softening of brain tissue
lip/o combining form
fat
encephalomyelopathy
disease condition of the brain and spinal cord
onc/o (combining form)
mass
electroencephalogram(EEG)
picture of the electrical activity of the brain. A factor used to determine lifesupport termination
cephal/o combining form
pertaining to head
-algia
referring to pain
metastasized
(verb)spread to other parts of body-past tense
encephalitis
inflammation of the brain
melanocarcinoma
malignant (cancerous) melanoma darkly pigmented
mucous adj
thick, elastic-ropy-like secretions mucous pertaining to
ather/o combining form
fatty or porridgelike
sarcoma
cancer of connective-type tissue (bone cancer) type of tissue where cancer was found,bone,tendons,ligaments
adenocarcinoma
cancer of gland
cerbrovascular accident (CVA)
vascular system=blood vessels(stroke) occurs b/c of vascular lesion w/in the cerebrum(brain) that blocks blood flow or causes hemorrhage
serous membranes
lines closed body cavities and covers outside organs such as intestines, bones, pericardium,lungs (plura) meneges (brain)
arteri/o/scler/o/sis

arteriosclerosis
thickening of the walls of the arterioles w/ loss of elasticity & contractibility. different artery than atherosclerosis
melanoma
tumor involving growth of melanocytes-black tumor dangerous tumor,can be growing, fastest growing and metastasizing skin cancer
oncologist
MD specializing in diseases involving tumors