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48 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
pH of blood
7.37-7.43
respiratory failure
inability of the cardiac and pulmonary systems to maintain an adequate exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the lungs
sputum
secretions produced in the lungs and bronchi that are expelled by coughing and may contain such pathological elements as cellular debris, mucus, blood, pus, and microorganisms
status asthmaticus
severe, prolonged asthma attack that does not respond to repeated doses of bronchodilators and may lead to respriratory failure and death
mediastinum
the space between the right and left lungs, contains heart, esophagus, and bronchi
anthrac/o
coal dust
atel/o
incomplete
coni/o
dust
phren/o
diaphragm
-capnia
CO2
-osmia
smell
-phonia
voice
ptysis
spitting
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
COLD
chronic obstructive lung disease
paroxysmal
violent
orthopnea
only breathing well while standing or sitting
ascites
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal or pleural cavities
empyema
pus in the pleural space
hydro/hemo/pneumo/pyopneumo-thorax
serum, blood, air, pus+air
pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
pneumonia associated with AIDS caused by normal fungus
cystic fibrosis
mucus clogs ducts including sweat
Respiratory Distress Syndrome
impairment of production of surfactant
atelectasis
collapsed lung
Cheyne-Stokes respiration
breathing pattern characterized by fluctuation in the depth of respiration
coryza
head cold, upper resp infection
croup
childhood condition of inflam of the larynx, trachea, bronchial passages and lungs, barking cough, difficulty breathing
epistaxis
nosebleed
hypoxemia
deficiency of oxygen in the blood
hypoxia
deficiency of oxygen in the tissues
pertussis
whooping cough
pneumoconiosis
disease caused by inhaling dust
chalicosis
stone dust
siderosis
iron dust
rale
abnormal repiratory sound/crackle
rhonchus
breath sound that resembles snoring
stridor
high-pitched breath sound caused by swelling or obstruction
Mantoux test
TB test
ABG
test that measures the partial presure of gases in arterial blood
antral lavage
irrigation of the paranasal sinuses after sinusitis treatment fails
AFB
acid-fast bacillus
FVC
forced vital capacity
HMD
hyaline membrane disease
IPPB
intermittant positive-pressure breathing
NMT
nebulized mist treatments
PND
paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
T&A
tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
TPR
temp pulse respiration