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281 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
glomerulonephritis
inflammation of tiny balls of capillaries in the kidney
peritonitis
inflammation in the membrane around the stomach
phlebitis
inflammation of a vein
kyphosis
humpback, posterior curvature
blepharoptosis
drooping or prolapse of eyelid
erythro-
red
chromo-
color
-tomy
incision
-cele
hernia
-penia
deficiency
means against
anti-
contra-
means through
per-
trans-
means fat
lipo-
steat-
adipo-
means chest
stetho
thoraco
means formation or growth
-plasia
-plasm
eneurisis
bedwetting
icterus
jaundice
syndactyly
webbed fingers
esophageal atresia
congenital anomaly where stomach doesn't connect to lower esophageal sphincter
ewing sarcoma
malignant bone tumor in children
*epitheilial
p/t to tissue above breast nipple
describes tissue covering body surface
lines internal organs
*SA node
pacemaker of the heart
*endocrine system
contains thyroid, pituitary, adrenal, parathyroid glands, gonads & pancreas
*artheriosclerosis
fatty deposits on inner lining of arteries
*palliative
relieving symptoms but not curing
Procedures: nephrolitomy
incision to remove kidney stone
Procedures: palatoplasty
surgical repair of palate
Procedures: pyelogram
xray of renal pelvis
Procedures: electrocauterization
burning of malignant tissue
Procedures: CABG
vessels taken from part of body & anastomisized to coronary artery to deter blockage
fracture type where bone is splintered & crushed into many pieces
commuted fracture
cephal/o
head
cerebr/o
cerebrum of brain, largest part of brain
encephal/o
brain
crani/o
skull
cis/o
to cut
sect/o
to cut
ectomy
excision
tomy
incision
cyst/o
urinary bladder
cyt/o
cell
sarc/o
flesh
sacr/o
sacrum
thromb/o
clot
-osis
abnormal condition
-sis
state of
anter/o
front
dors/o
back
posteri/o
back
later/o
side
lumb/o
lower back
ventr/o
belly side of body
proxim/o
nearest
viscer/o
internal organs
ana-
up
cata-
down
epi-
above
meta-
change
-plasm
formation
-ism
process
acr/o
extremities, top, extreme point
aden/o
gland
blephar/o
eyelid
chrom/o
color
chron/o
time
isch/o
to hold back
lapar/o
abdomen
morph/o
shape/form
my/o
muscle
necr/o
death
ren/o
kidney
nephr/o
kidney
neur/o
nerve
neut/o
neutrophil
phag/o
to swallow
phleb/o
vein
plas/o
formation/development
pleur/o
pleura or lungs
pneumon/o
lungs
pulmon/o
lungs
-cele
hernia
-centesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid
-dynia
pain
-algia
pain
-emia
blood condition
-genic
producing/produce by or in
-lysis
breakdown/destruction/seperation
-malacia
softening
-sclerosis
hardening
-penia
deficiency
-plasty
surgical repair
-stasis
stopping/controlling
-stomy
new opening
-trophy
development/nourishment
-cyesis
pregnancy
-physis
to grow
-pnea
breathing
-ptosis
droop/sag/prolapse
-rrhea
flow/discharge
syn-
together/with
sym-
together/with
celi/o
belly/abdomen
cheil/o
lip
cholecyst/o
gallbladder
choledoch/o
common bile duct
enter/o
small intestine
colon/o
large intestine
gloss/o
tongue
lingu/o
tongue
hepat/o
liver
hemat/o
blood
stomat/o
mouth
amyl/o
starch
bil/i
gall/bile
chole
gall/bile
lith/o
stone
steat/o
fat
-ase
enzyme
-chezia
deification/elimination of wastes
-ectasis
stretching/dilation
-ectasia
stretching/dilation
-stenosis
tightening/narrowing
-pepsia
digestion
-ptysis
spitting
-rrhaphy
suture
-rrage
bursting forth
-tresia
opeining
-emesis
vomiting
glomerul/o
glomerulus/collection of capillaries
pyel/o
renal pelvis
vesic/o
urinary bladder
azot/o
nitrogen
dips/o
thirst
olig/o
scanty
-poietin
substance that forms
py/o
pus
-tripsy
to crush
angi/o
vessel
vas/o
vessel
vascul/o
vessel
ather/o
yellowish/fatty plaque
brachi/o
arm
cardi/o
heart
cyan/o
blue
myx/o
mucus
sphygm/o
pulse
steth/o
chest
kyph/o
humpback
lord/o
curve, swayback
myel/o
bone marrow. spinal cord
scoli/o
crooked, bent
spondy/o
vertebra
vertebr/o
vertebra
-listhesis
slipping
-tome
instrument to cut
ankyl/o
stiff
arthr/o
joint
articul/o
joint
chondr/o
cartilage
ten/o
tendon
tendin/o
tendon
-desis
to bind. tie together
-asthenia
lack of strength
cac/o
bad
cauter/o
burn/heat
cry/o
cold
cyst/o
sac of fluid
medull/o
soft inner part
mut/a
change
onc/o
tumor
schirrh/o
hard
xer/o
dry
apo-
off, away
brachy
near
meta
beyond, change
-tele
fat
is/o
same
scint/i
spark
tom/o
to cut
-lucent
to shine
-opaque
obscure
-cine
movement
prognosis
state of prior knowledge
nephrectomy
excision of kidney
renal
pertaining to kidney
phychosis
abnormal state of mind
carcinogenic
pertaining to producing cancer
process of building up proteins in cell
anabolism
total chemical processes in cell
metabolism
Genes
regions of DNA in chromosomes
space between lungs
mediastinum
endocrine gland at base of brain
pituitary
karyotype
picture of chromosomes in cell nucleus
hepatoma
tumor of liver
iatrogenic
pertaining to produced by treatment
describe diagnosis
prediction of course of treatment
anemia
decrease in RBC
leukemia
increase in # of malignant WBC
tailbone
coccyx
supine
lying on back
-coccus
berry shaped bacterium
staphylococci
berry shaped bacteria in clusters
ischemia
holding back of blood
eu-
good normal
ectopic pregnancy
out of place pregnancy
neutrophil
granulocytic WBC that destroys cells by engulfing & digesting them; polymorphonuclear leukocyte
monocyte
mononuclear leukocyte thats a phagocyte
lymphocyte
mononuclear leukocyte that destroys foreign cells by making antibodies
eosinophil
leukocyte w/granules stain red & whose # are elevated in allergic reactions
dialysis
separation of wastes from blood
pancytopenia
deficiency of all blood cells
parts of small intestine
1-duodenum
2-jejunum
3-ileum
parts of large intestine
1-cecum
2-ascending colon
3-transverse colon
4-descending colon
5-sigmoid colon
6-rectum
deglutition
swallowing
etiology
study of cause of disease
inflammation of gall bladder
cholecystitis
inflammation of salivary gland
sialandentisis
hemorrhoids
swollen twisted veins in rectal region
ileus
failure of peristalsis
diverticula
abnormal side pockets in intestinal wall
hematochezia
bright red blood in stool
ascites
abnormal accumulation of fluid in abdomen
flatus
gas expelled through anus
steatorrhea
fat discharge in feces
melena
black,dark brown, tarry stools
stomat/o
mouth
intussusception
telescoping of intestines
Cecal volvulus
twisting or part of intestines upon itself
heavy menstrual discharge
menorrahgia
liver scan
radioactive material injected & image recorded of uptake in liver cells
test to reveal hidden blood in feces
stool guaiac/ hemoccult
erythropoietin
secreted by kidney to stimulate production of RBC
blood vessel carrying oxy poor blood from heart to lungs
pulmonary artery
diastole
relaxation phase of heart
aneurysm
widening of artery
angina
chest pain relieved with nitroglycerin
petechiae
small pinpoint hemrrhages
patent
open
abscess
collection of pus
essential hypertension
high blood pressure thats idiopathic
2ndary hypertension
high blood pressure caused by kidney disease
edema
swelling, fluid in tissues
diabetes insipidus
inadequate secretion of ADH
ketonuria
high levels of acids & acetones in urine
proteinuria
leaky glomeruli can produce this accumulation of albumin in urine
coarctcation of aorta
congenital narrowing of aorta
flutter
rapid but regular rhythm of heart
fibrillation
rapid irregular heart rhythm
emboli
clots that travel and suddenly block a blood vessel
claudication
pain, tension, & weakness in limb after walking has occurred
red bone marrow is usually found in
spongy or cancellous or trabecular bone
rounded process at joint
condyle
fossa
shallow cavity in bone
tubercle
round process of attachment for tendons and muscle
trochanter
big process on femur
fissure
narrow deep slit-like opening
forms roof & upper side of skull
parietal
acromion
outward extension of shoulder
talipes
club foot
exotosis
benign tumors arising from bone surface
doctors specializing in joint disorders
rheumatologist
ankylosis
stiffened immovable joint
podagra
pain in big toe from gouty arthritis
pyrexia
fever
ganglion
cystic mass arising from tendon in wrist
gouty arthritis
inflamed joints cause by accumulation of uric acid
leiomyosarcoma
malignant tumor of smooth muscle
performed to relive symptoms of slipped disk
laminectomy
projection of temporal bone
mastoid process
what does a staging tumor mean?
assessing extent of tumor spread
blood process through heart
vena cava_R.A._tricuspid valve_RV_pulmonary artery_lungs_pulmonary vein_L.A._mitral/bicuspid valve_LV_aorta_rest of body_vena cava
crohn's disease
chronic inflammation of intestinal tract
calyx
cup-like collecting region of renal pelvis
creatinine
waste product of muscle metabolism
diuresis
condition of excess urination
wilms tumor
malignant tumor of kidney in child
colles fracture
occure near wrist joint
perone/o
fibula
leiomy/o
smooth muscle
rhabdomy/o
skeletal muscle
type of mixed tumors
wilms tumor-embryonal adenosarcoma
teratoma-tumor of bone, muscle, skin, etc