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60 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
cytoplasm
all the material within the cell membrane other than the nucleus
carbon dioxide
tasteless, colorless, odorless gas produced by body cells during the metabolic process
granuloma
any type of nodular, inflammatory legion; usually small; that may contain grouped mononuclear phagocytes
mucosa aka mucous membrane
moist tissue layer lining hollow organs and cavities of the body that open to the environment
naris
nostril
oxygen
tasteless, colorless, odorless gas essential for human respiration
pH
symbol that indicates the degree of acidity or alkalinity of a substance
respiratory failure
inability of the cardiac and pulmonary systems to maintain an adequate amount exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the lungs
septum
wall dividing the two cavities
sputum
secretions produced in the lungs and bronchi that are expelled by coughing and may contain pathological elements such as cellular debris, mucus, blood, pus, caseous material, and microorganisms
status asthmaticus
severe, prolonged asthma attack that does not respond to repeated doses of bronchodilators and may lead to respiratory failure and death
surfactant
lipoprotein that decreases the surface tension of alveoli and contributes to their elasticity, thereby reducing the work of breathing
nas/o
rhin/o
nose
rhinoplasty
sutgical repair of the nose to correct a birth defect, breathing problem, or cosmetic purposes
sept/o
septum
septoplasty
surgical repair to correct a deviated septum
sinus/o
sinus, cavity
sinusotomy
incision of any of the sinuses to improve ventilation ot drainage in unresponsive sinusitis
adenoid/o
adenoids
adenoidectomy
excision of the adenoids
tonsill/o
tonsils
peritonsillar
relating to the area around the tonsils
pharyng/o
pharynx (Throat)
epiglott/o
epiglottis
laryng/o
larynx (voice box)
laryngoplegia
paralysis of the laryns and vocal cords
trache/o
trachea (windpipe)
tracheostomy
creation of an opening thru the neck and into the trachea into which a breathing tube may be inserted
bronchi/o
bronch/o
bronchiol/o
bronchus

bronchiole
bronchiectasis
abnormal dilation of one or more bronchi
alveol/o
alveolus
pneum/o
pneumon/o
lung; air
pulmon/o
lung
pleur/o
pleura
anthrac/o
coal dust, coal
atel/o
imperfect, incomplete
atelectasis
partial or complete collapse of the lung, airless lung
coni/o
dust
pneumoconiosis
any disease of the lungs caused by a chronic inhalation of dust, usually mineral dust of occupational or environmental origin
cyan/o
blue
lob/o
lobe
orth/o
straight
orthopnea
condition in which the patient experiences difficulty breathing in any position other than sitting or standing erect
ox/o
ox/i
oxygen
hypoxemia
abnormal decrease of oxygen in the blood resulting in hypoxia
pector/o
steth/o
thorac/o
chest
pectoralgia
pain in the chest
thoracodynia/thoracalgia
pain in the chest wall
phren/o
diaphragm; mind
phrenoptosis
abnormal downward displacement of the diaphragm
spir/o
breathe
capnia
carbon dioxide
hypercapnia
excess of carbon dioxide in the blood
osmia
smell
phonia
voice
dysphonia
altered or impaired voice quality
pnea
breathing
apnea
temporary loss of breathing
ptysis
spitting
hemoptysis
coughinf up of blood or bloody sputum