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112 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
balan/o
penis
orchid/o
testis
prostat/o
prostate gland
scrot/o
scrotum
urethr/o
urethra
vas/o
vas deferens
Benign prostatic hyperplasia
noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland, also called benign prostatic hypertrophy
cryptorchism
Undescended testis
Hydrocele
Sac of clear fluid in the scrotum.
Prostatic carcinoma
Cancer of the prostate gland
STD
Infections spread by sexual or genital contact - like chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes, syphilis
Testicular carcinoma
tumor of the testis like seminoma
Varicocele
Enlarged, swollen veins near a testicle
GU
genitourinary
arthr/o
joint
chondr/o
cartilage
cost/o
rib
crani/o
skull
ligament/o
ligament
my/o
muscle
muscul/o
muscle
myel/o
bone marrow
oste/o
bone
pelv/o
pelvis, hipbone
spondyl/o
vertebra
vertebr/o
vertebra
ten/o
tendon
tendin/o
tendon
ankylosing spondylitis
chronic and progressive arthritis with stiffening (ankylosis) of joints, primarily of the spine and hip
carpal tunnel syndrome
compression of the median nerve as it passes between the ligament and the bones and tendons of the wrist
gouty arthritis
inflammation of joints caused by excessive uric acid. Also called gout
muscular dystrophy
an inherited disorder characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of muscle fibers
osteoporosis
decrease in bone density with thinning and weakening of bone.
Rheumatoid arthritis
chronic inflammation of joints, pain, swelling, and stiffening, especially in the small joints of the hands and feet
cerebell/o
cerebellum
cerebr/o
cerebrum
encephal/o
brain
medull/o
medulla oblongata
myel/o
spinal cord
neur/o
nerve
Alzheimer disease
Brain disorder marked by deterioration of mental capacity (dementia)
cerebrovascular accident
stroke
concussion
blunt injury to the brain enough to cause loss of consciousness
epilepsy
chronic brain disorder characterized by recurrent seizure activity
glioblastoma
brain tumor arising from glial cells
hemiplegia
paralysis
meningitis
inflammation of the meninges
multiple sclerosis
destruction of the myelin sheath, with replacement by plaque of sclerotic (hard) tissue
paraplegia
paralysis that affects the lower portion of the body
syncope
fainting, sudden and temporary loss of consciousness as a result of loss of blood to the brain
adenoid/o
adenoid
alveol/o
air sac/alveolus
bronch/o
bronchial tube
bronchiol/o
bronchiole
cyan/o
blue
epiglott/o
epiglottis
laryng/o
larynx
nas/o
nose
rhin/o
nose
pharyng/o
pharynx
phren/o
diaphragm
pneumon/o
lung
pulmon/o
lung
tonsill/o
tonsils
trache/o
trachea
Asphyxia
oxygen deprivation, increase in CO2, leading to loss of consciousness or death
Asthma
Spasm and narrowing of bronchi, leading to bronchial airway obstruction
Atelectasis
Collapsed Lung
Emphysema
Hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls. This is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Hemoptysis
spitting up of blood
Hemothorax
blood in the pleural cavity (space between pleural membranes)
Pneumoconiosis
abnormal collection of dust in the lungs
Pneumonia
Inflammation and infection of alveoli which fill up with pus or products of the inflammation
Tuberculosis
An infectious disease caused by bacteria - lung infection, causes cough, weight loss, night sweats, hemoptysis, and pleuritic pain.
aur/o
ear
ot/o
ear
cutane/o
skin
derm/o
skin
dermat/o
skin
myring/o
eardrum
tympan/o
eardrum
ocul/o
eye
onych/o
nail
ophthalm/o
eye
phak/o
lens of the eye
pil/o
hair
retin/o
retina
trich/o
hair
ungu/o
nail
alopecia
absence of hair from areas where it normally grows, baldness
cataract
clouding of the lends of the eye
conjunctivitis
inflammation of the conjunctiva
glaucoma
increase in pressure within the chamber at the front of the eye
melanoma
malignant tumor of pigmented cells that arises from a nevus in the skin
nevus
pigmented lesion in or on the skin, mole
sty
stye, pus-filled (purulent) infection of glands near the eyelid (most often caused by bacteria). Also called hordeolum
tinnitis
abnormal noise in the ears
cyst/o
urinary bladder
vesic/o
urinary bladder
nephr/o
kidney
ren/o
kidney
pyel/o
renal pelvis
ureter/o
ureter
urethr/o
urethra
albuminuria
abnormal condition of protein (albumin) in the urine
anuria
abnormal condition of no urine porduction
dysuria
painful urination
glycosuria
abnormal condition of glucose in the urine
hematuria
abnormal condition of blood in the urine
nephrolithiasis
abnormal condition of stones in the kidney
renal failure
condition in which the kidneys stop functioning and do not produce urine
uremia
condition of high levels of urea in the blood