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65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Hallucin/o
Hallucination
Hypn/o
Sleep
Iatr/o
Physician, medicine, treatment
Ment/o
Mind
Neur/o
Nerve
Phren/o
Diagphragm, mind
Psych/o
Mind
Schiz/o
Split
Somat/o
Body
-mania
State of mental disorder, frenzy
-philia
Attraction for
-phobia
Fear
-phoria
Feeling (mental state)
-thymia
Mind, emotion
Anxiety
Fear or apprehension accompanied by physical symptoms like tension, restlessness, tachycardia, and breathlessness
Compulsion
Uncontrollable thoughts or impulse to perform an act repeatedly
Defense mechanism
Unconscious pyschological mechanism used to control anxiety; common ones: rationalism, denial, repression
Delirium
Altered state of consciousness consisting of confusion, agitation, disorientation, delusions, or hallucinations
Delusion
False belief or incorrect judgement that can't be changed by logical reasoning or contrary evidence
Depression
Feelings of sadness, guilt, hopelessness, worthlessness, with sleep problems, eating difficulties, and lack of energy
Hallucinations
False or unreal sensory perception of an object or event when no such stimulus is present
Mania
Feelings of extreme euphoria or irritability, accompanied by rapid speech, decreased need for sleep, and poor judgement
Anxiety disorder
Mental disorder where anxiety is the primary characteristic; no gross distortion of reality; w/ heart palpations, sweating, and dizziness
Obsession
A recurrent and persistent thought or urge to do something
Psychosis
Mental disorder causing gross distortion of reality or impairment of a person's capacity to think and communicate
Dementia
Progressive deterioration of cognitive functions as seen in Alzheimer and Parkinson patients
Substance-related Disorder
Disorders involving abuse of, or dependence on alcohol and drugs
Schizophrenia
Psychotic illness with positive and negative symptoms; characterized with delusions and hallucinations
Gender disorders
Disorders related to sexual functioning and one's assigned sex
Eating Disorders
Disorders of body image and food intake
Somatoform Disorders
Any group of neurotic disorders characterized by symptoms for which there are no organic causes or physiological dysfunctions
Mood Disorders
Disorders characterized by extreme sadness and/or euphoria
Personality disorder
Inflexible and rigid traits causing impairment of functioning and conflict with others, inability to relate to people
Impulse control disorders
Disorders marked by an inability to refrain from engaging in harmful behaviors such as stealing or fire setting
Adjustment Disorders
Temporary disorders of varying severity that occur as a reaction to a stressful life event
Sleep Disorders
Disturbances in the amount, quality, timing, or autonomic nervous system during the sleep cycle
Factitious Disorders
Intentionally producing physical symptoms to gain attention by assuming the sick role, as seen in Munchausen syndrome
Hallucinogen
An agent that produces hallucinations
Hypnosis
An induced, trancelike state during which perception and memory are altered, resulting in increased responsiveness to suggestion
Neurosis
A disease of the nerves, a mental disorder
Schizoid
Characteristic or resembling scizophrenia
Psychosomatic
The expression of an emotional conflict through physical symptoms
Kleptomania
A disorder of impulse control characterized by a morbid tendency to steal
Pedophilia
Abnormal attraction to children by an adult for sexual purposes
Xenophobia
Fear of strangers
Euphoria
Good feeling
Dysthymia
Chronic depressed mood
Entomophobia
The fear of insects
Photophobia
The fear of light
Zoophobia
The fear of animals
Agoraphobia
Anxiety disorder with fear of being alone, of leaving a familiar setting of home, or of being in open, crowded spaces
Anhedonia
Absence of pleasure from acts that would normally be pleasurable; symptom of depression
Asperger Syndrome
Pervasive developmental disoder w/ severe impairment in social skills, and restrictive and repetitive behaviors or interests causing impaired social functioning, but w/o delays in language development
Autistic Disorder
Pervasive developmental disorder characterized by a severe lack of response to other people
Catatonia
Syndrome of psychomotor disturbance, w/ periods of physical rigidity or stupor that may occur in schizophrenia or organic mental disorders
Cyclothymia
Affective disorder with marked mood swings from depression to hypomania but not to the degree that occurs in bipolar disorder
Delirium
Altered state of consciousness characterized by confusion, distractibility, disorientation, and irrational behavior
Dementia
A progressive organic mental disorder characterized by decreased intellectual capacity and function confusion, and changes in personality
Enuresis
Childhood elimination disorder of repeated passage of urine in inappropriate places for 3 mo. after age 5
Encopresis
Childhood elimination disorder of repeated passage of feces in inappropriate places for 3 mo. after age 4
Exhibitionism
Paraphilia characterized by compulsive need to expose a part of the body (especially genitals) to an unsuspecting stranger
Fetishism
A paraphilia characterized by the act of using an inanimate object or non-sexual body part for sexual arousal and gratification
Frotteurism
A paraphilia characterized by a compulsive need for sexual gratification from touching or rubbing against a nonconsenting person
Labile
Emotionally unstable; exhibiting rapid shifts from one emotion to another
Panic Attack
Period of intense fear and rapid development of accelerated heart rate, shaking, shortness of breath, and dizziness