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75 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
lymph/o
lymph fluid and vessels
lymphaden/o
lymph nodes
tonsill/o, adeniod/o
tonsils and adenoids
splen/o
spleen
myel/o
bone marrow
lymph/o, -cyte
lymphocytes
thym/o
thymus
immun/o
immune system
hemat
blood
onc
tumor
ologist
specialist
lytic
destroy
lymphangi/o
lymph vessel
B cells or B lymphocytes
makes antibodies against viruses or specific antigens
Ig
Immunoglobin
Antibody
T cells
T lymphocytes
coordinates immune defenses and kills invading organisms on contact
Interferon (in-ter-FEAR-on)
Produced by T cells. Causes noninfected cells to form an antiviral protein that stops or slows viral multiplication
macrophage
type of phagocyte, protects body by ingesting invading cells
phagocyte
WBC that eats and destroys cell waste, dust, pollen and pathogens
Hypersensitivity
Allergy
allergen
antigen capale of inducing an allergic response
systemic allergic reaction
anaphylaxis
(an-ah-fil-LACK-sis)
HIV
human immunodeficienty virus
AIDS
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
cytotoxic drug
kills or damages cells
antineoplastic
blocks growth of neoplasms and is used to treat cancer
Ca
cancer
pathogen
microorganism that causes a disease
bacteria
one-celled organisms
bacilli
rod-shapted spore-forming bactieria
Ex:tetanus and tuberculosis
rickettsia
small bacterium that live in lice, fleas, ticks and mites
Ex: Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
spirochetes
spiral-shaped bacteria that have flexible walls and are capable of movement
Ex: Lyme disease
staphylococci
bacteria that form irregular clusters
Ex: endocarditis, pneumonia
streptococci
bacteria that form a chain
Ex: strep throat
fungus
parasitic plant that may cause inflammation and lesions on or in any organ
yeast
type of fungus that may cause infections usually localized in mouth or vagina
parasite
plant or animal that lives on or within another living organism at the expense of that organism
viruses
very small infectious agents that live only by invading living cells
varicella or VZV
chickenpox
cytomegalovirus or CMV
infection caused by a group of large herpes-type viruses with a wide variety of disease effects
Herpes zoster or HZ
shingles
Infectious mononucleosis
caused by Epstein-Barr virus and characterized by fever, sore throat and enlarged lymph nodes
Mumps
acute viral disease characterized by swelling of the parotid glands
rabies
acute viral infection that may be transmitted to humans by the blood, tissue or saliva or an infected animal
Rubella (German measles)
viral infection characterized by fever and a diffuse, fine, red rash. May cause congenital deformities if contracted in early pregnancy
antibiotics
chemical substance capable of inhibiting growth or killing pathogenic microorganisms
bactericide
substance that causes the death of bacteria
bacteriostatic
agent that inhibits, slows or retards growth of bacteria
antiviral
treats viral infections or provides temporary immunity
onc-
tumor
neo-
new
neoplasm
a new and abnormal tissue formation
angiogenesis
a tumor supporting its own growth by creating its own blood supply
angio
vessel
genesis
reproduction
benign
not recurring, nonmalignant and with a favorable chance of recovery
myoma
benign neoplasm made up of muscle tissue
malignant
harmful, tending to spread, becoming progressively worse and life-threatening
carcinoma in situ (CIT)
malignant tumor in its original position that has not yet disturbed or invaded surrounding tissue
invasive malignancy
grows and spreads into healthy adjacent tissue
metastasize
a verb that describes the process by which cancer spreads
matastasis
new cancer site that results from spreading process
meta-
beyond
stasis
stopping
carcinoma (Ca)
malignant tumor that occurs in epithelial tissue
carcin-
cancer
-oma
tumor
sarcoma
malignant tumor that arises from connective tissue
sarc/o
flesh
osteosarcoma
malignant tumor usually involving the upper shaft of long bones, the pelvis or knee
myosarcoma
soft tissue sarcoma arising from tissue such as fat, muscle and nerves
Kaposi's sarcoma (KS)
an opportunistic infection frequently associated with HIV
lymphoma
general term applied to malignancies that develop in the lymphatic system
Hodgkin's Disease (Hodgkin's lymphoma or HL)
distinguished by the presence of Reed-Sternberg cells. Large cancerous lymphocytes
Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL)
describes all lymphomas other than Hodgkin's lymphoma