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90 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Or/o
Mouth
Stomat/o
Mouth
Gloss/o
Tongue
Lingu/o
Tongue
Bucc/o
Cheek
Cheil/o
Lip
Labi/o
Lip
Dent/o
Teeth
Odont/o
Teeth
Gingiv/o
Gums
Sial/o
Saliva, salivary gland
Esophag/o
Esophagus
Pharyng/o
Pharynx (throat)
Gastr/o
Stomach
Pylor/o
Pylorus, Pyloric sphincter
Duoden/o
Duodenum
Enter/o
Intestine (usually small)
Jejun/o
Jejunum
Ile/o
Ileum
Append/o
Appendix
Appendic/o
Appendix
Col/o
Colon
Colon/o
Colon
Sigmoid/o
Sigmoid colon
Rect/o
Rectum
Proct/o
Anus, rectum
Hepat/o
Liver
Cholangi/o
Bile vessel
Chol/e
Bile, gall
Cholecyst/o
Gallbladder
Choledoch/o
Bile duct
Pancreat/o
Pancreas
Pharyngitis
Inflammation of the pharynx
Buccal
Pertaining to the cheek
Sialolith
A calculus or stone formed in the salivary gland
Rectocele
Herniation or protrusion of the rectum
Lingual
Pertaining to the tongue
Pyloroplasty
Surgical repair of the pyloric sphincter
Proctodynia
Pain in the rectum or anus
Jejunorrhaphy
Suture of the jejunum
Sigmoidotomy
Incision of the sigmoid colon
Cholelithiasis
Formation of calculi or bile stones in the gall bladder
Choledochostomy
Forming an opening into the common bile duct
Cholecystectomy
Excision of the gallbladder
Thrush
Infection of the mouth or throat, especially in infants and young children caused by Candida albicans
Achalasia
Abnormal condition characterized by inability of muscle to relax, especially cardiac sphincter of stomach
Anorexia
Lack of loss of appetite, resulting in inability to eat
Achlorhydria
Absence of hydrochloric acid in the gastric juice
Cirrhosis
Chronic liver disease characterized by the destruction of liver cells
Fistula
Abnormal tubelike passage from a normal cavity or tube to a free surface or to another cavity
Sigmoidotomy
Incision of the sigmoid colon
Cholelithiasis
Formation of calculi or bile stones in the gall bladder
Choledochostomy
Forming an opening into the common bile duct
Cholecystectomy
Excision of the gallbladder
Thrush
Infection of the mouth or throat, especially in infants and young children caused by Candida albicans
Achalasia
Abnormal condition characterized by inability of muscle to relax, especially cardiac sphincter of stomach
Anorexia
Lack of loss of appetite, resulting in inability to eat
Achlorhydria
Absence of hydrochloric acid in the gastric juice
Cirrhosis
Chronic liver disease characterized by the destruction of liver cells
Fistula
Abnormal tubelike passage from a normal cavity or tube to a free surface or to another cavity
Volvulus
A twisting of the bowel on itself, causing intestinal obstruction
Hemorrhoids
Dilated, twisted veins in the mucous membrane
Pepsin
The principle digestive enzyme of gastric juice that begins protein digestion
Bilirubin
The orange-yellow pigment of bile, formed principally by the breakdown of hemoglobin in red blood cells
Distension
The state of being distended, swollen, or stretched out
Peristalsis
Progressive, wavelike contractions that propel foodstuffs through the digestive tract, bile through the bile duct, and urin through the ureters
Cholecystokinin
A hormone produced by the mucosa of the upper intestine stimulating contraction of the gallbladder and secretion of pancreatic enzymes
Defecation
Elimination of feces from the digestive tract through the rectum
Chyme
Semifluid, homogenous, creamy paste produced by gastric digestion of food
Oral cavity
Beginning of the GI tract, receptacle for food
Teeth
Organs of mastication
Pharynx
Structure that serves as a passageway for both food and air
Epiglottis
Structure that covers the trachea to prevent food from entering the lungs
Esophagus
Tube that leads to the stomach
Lower Esophageal Sphincter (LES)
Structure that controls passage of food from the esophagus to the stomach; aka cardiac sphincter
Pylorus
Lower portion of the stomach; aka the antrum
Duodenum
First part of the small intestine
Jejunum
Second part of the small intestine
Ileum
Third part of the small intestine
Ascending colon
Structure that extends superiorly from the cecum along the right abdominal wall to the inferior surface of the liver
Transverse colon
Structure that extends across the abdominal cavity
Descending colon
Structure that descends to the sigmoid colon
Anus
External opening for the elimination of feces from the body
Rectum
Portion of the colon attached to the sigmoid colon that is part of the anal canal
Leukoplakia
Precancerous, slowly developing change in a mucous membrane characterized by white patches
Intussusception
Inner segment of intestine that has been pushed into another segment
Steatorrhea
Abnormal amount of fat in the feces
Cachexia
State of ill health and wasting that may occur in many chronic diseases, malignancies, and infections
Antacids
Agents that neutralize acid; used to relieve gastritis, indigestion, ulcer pain, and reflux esopagitis
Stomach
Reservoir for food enabling gradual digestion