Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/78

Click to flip

78 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
adipo
fat
albino
white
bio
life
cryo
cold
cutaneo
sking
dermo
skin
dermato
skin
diaphoro
profuse sweating
hidro
sweat
ichthyo
scaly, dry
kerato
hard, horny
leuko
white
lipo
fat
melano
black
myco
fungus
necro
death
onycho
nail
pachyo
thick
pilo
hair
pyo
pus
rhytido
wrinkle
sclero
hard
sebo
oil
tricho
hair
unguo
nail
xantho
yellow
xero
dry
-opsy
view of (as in biopsy)
-plakia
a plate
-tome
instrument used to cut (as in dermatome)
acne
inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles that results in papules and pustules
acne rosacea
form of acne in adult, esp. on nose and cheeks
acne vulgaris
common acne, esp. in teens
basal cell carcinoma
cancer of the basal layer of the skin; rarely spreads
burn, 1st degree
damage to the surface, char. by hyperemia (redness)
burn, 2nd degree
damage extends into epidermis and dermis; blisters
burn, 3rd degree
damage to full thickness of skin and underlying tissues
carbuncle
furuncle (infection) involving several hair follicles
cellulitis
a diffuse, acute infection of the skin
dry gangrene
late stages of gangrene char. by skin becoming leathery and black
eczema
superficial dermatitis of unknown cause accompanied by papules, vesicles, and crusting
furuncle
bacterial infection of hair follicle
gangrene
tissue necrosis usually due to insufficient blood supply
ichthyosis
condition in which the skin becomes dry, scaly, and keratinized
impetigo
a bacterial infection of the skin with pustules that rupture and crust over
Kaposi's sarcoma
form of skin cancer often seen in imunocompromised patients. consists of brownish purple papules that spread from the skin and metastasize to internal organs
leukoplakia
change in mucous membrane that results in thick, white plate-like patches on the mucous membrane of the tongue and cheek. pre-cancerous, assoc. w/smoking
malignant melanoma
dangerous form of skin cancer caused by unchecked growth of melanocytes: can quickly meta to internal organs
onychia
infected nail bed
paronychia
infection around a nail
pemphigus vulgaris
skin condition in which blisters form in the skin and mucous membranes
psoriasis
chronic inflammation that consists of crusty papules forming patches with circular borders
rubella
contagious viral skin infection, often called german measles
sebaceous cyst
sac under skin filled with sebum or oil from a glad-- can grow to large size and may need to be cut out
shingles
eruption of vesicles along a nerve path, causing rash and pain: same virus as chicken pox
squamous cell carcinoma
epidermal cancer that may go into deeper tissue but does not generally metastasize
systemic lupus erythematosus
chronic disease of the connective tissue that injures the skin, joints, kidneys, nervous sys, etc; may include butterfly rash across nose and cheeks
tinea
fungal disease resulting in scaly, itching lesions
tinea capitis
fungal infection of the scalp-- aka ringworm
tinea pedis
fungal infection of foot-- aka athlete's foot
wet gangrene
area of gangrene becoming infected by pus producing bacteria
biopsy (BX, bx)
tissue removed to be examined
culture and sensitivity (C&S)
culture bacteria removed from infected area to find out what it is then test bacteria's sensitivity to antibiotics
exfoliative cytology
scraping cells from tissue then examining them under microscope
skin tests
determines patient's allergens
sweat test
test determines amount of chloride (indicator of CF)
allograft
skin graft from one person to another; done normally a cadaver
autograft
skin graft from ones own body
chemabrasion
abrasion using chemicals (chem peel)
debridement
removal of foreign material/dead tissue from a wound
dermatoplasty
skin grafting
electrocautery
to destroy tissue with an electric current
heterograft
skin graft from an animal of another species to a human
incision and drainage (I&D)
incision to allow drainage for material such as pus
plication
taking tucks surgically in a structure to shorten it
rhytidectomy
surgical removal of excess skin to eliminate wrinkles
xenograft
skin graft from an animal of another species
antipruritics
reduce severe itching